Paraguay anaconda: description, photo, interesting facts

Anonim

Paraguayan anaconda is the smallest among the representatives of the genus, but still this snake looks pretty impressive. She is not poisonous and has never been convicted of cannibalism, but it is not worth fighting with her. This snake attracts lovers of exotic animals, professional serpentologists, owners of zoos and private breeders. But each of them admits that in the depths of his soul he is concerned about the object of his interest.

Our article will tell about what these creatures are interesting for, how they live in the wild nature, what difficulties their content is associated with.

Description of the Paraguayan anaconda

The length of an adult female can reach 4 meters or more, but within the species such gigantic dimensions are considered rare. Most of the representatives of the Paraguayan species grow in length to no more than 3-3.5 meters. Males are smaller than their female relatives, but in general, sexual dimorphism is weakly expressed.

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The body is painted in warm sand tones, for which this snake is often called the yellow anaconda. Multiple oval or saddle large dark spots are located on the back, on the sides they are lighter and smaller.

The nostrils and eyes of the Paraguayan anaconda are set high. This is due to the fact that the snake spends a lot of time in the water, but breathes air. It is convenient for her to follow the situation, slightly sticking her face out of the water.

Habitat Paraguayan anaconda

What continent this snake lives on can be easily guessed by its name. Her homeland is South America. You can meet such a snake in Bolivia, Uruguay, Paraguay, northern Brazil, and in some parts of Argentina.

The snake lives only where there are shaded reservoirs and damp thickets around them.

Behavior and lifestyle

Like all relatives of the Anacond race, the Paraguayan is a predator. She is active at almost any time of the day, but she likes to hunt at night and at dusk more. In the drought season it climbs into the mud and falls into a kind of stupor. This is not quite hibernation, just the activity of the reptile is reduced.

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She prefers to get food in water. It rarely comes ashore, and even then it does not crawl away from its native lake. Able to climb trees, sometimes basking on the branches.

The diet includes mammals, waterfowl, reptiles and reptiles. Loves anaconda and fishing. Serpentologists have repeatedly observed how this snake comes into labor: having a very solid build, it can overcome even a young crocodile. But only the jaguar hunts for it.

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Eat no more than once every few days.

In their natural environment, the anacondas of this species prefer to stay alone. They tolerate each other’s society only during the mating season.

Reproduction in the wild occurs annually. This species, like the rest of the genus, is viviparous. The female brings from 10 to 30 cubs.

Aggressiveness

Information about this feature varies. Probably, it is not inherent in the whole species, but individual individuals can behave rather boldly. He never attacks a man first, but a particularly stubborn tourist or biologist will certainly drive him away. Young individuals are usually more active than age snakes.

Captivity

The Paraguayan anaconda is not the serpent with which the lover of the exotic one should begin. It requires considerable investment. A young anaconda will cost an average of 20-25 thousand rubles, an equal amount will have to be paid for the terrarium and equipment for it. It is demanding to feed, it cannot be fed with leftovers.

As a dwelling, a large-sized horizontal terrarium is needed, 2/3 full of water. Berezhka spread pebbles, coconut substrate, bark. Above the water, it is advisable to install a snag, on which the snake could climb.

You will need a special UV lamp, heater, thermometers for cold and warm corners, an additional thermometer for water, a fog generator, a sensor for determining humidity, temperature controllers, a thermovryk. An electronic sprayer is desirable (regularly handling a large volume terrarium manually can be difficult) and an artificial waterfall.

As feed, daily quails, week-old rats and other rodents, fish are used. Mandatory special food for reptiles with a balanced composition, which consists of vitamins and trace elements.

Water change and cleaning should be carried out at least once a week. To do this, you need not only a special tool, but also a bulky container into which you could transfer the pet.

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Is reproduction possible?

It is necessary to prepare for the potential owner and to the fact that he is unlikely to recoup the investment. Even scientists of the world's leading zoos get offspring from the Paraguayan anacondas with great difficulty. For example, in one of the Russian zoos for several decades there was not a single case of the birth of babies in a pair of anacondas.

The first success was achieved by serpentologists of the Moscow Zoo: the offspring was obtained when the St. Petersburg colleagues brought them the female. Scientists have perceived the birth of babies as a sensation, and today Paraguayan anacondas living in the serpentariums of Russia and the near abroad are, to one degree or another, the descendants of the offspring of that pair of snakes. This suggests that even the most diligent breeder will face enormous difficulties.

And yet there is a chance. This is what convinces us of the story that took place in 2016 in the serpentary of the Leningrad zoo. Employees once simply discovered that newborn babies are swimming in the anaconda pool. That is, no effort was made to obtain offspring by employees, the snakes themselves decided that it was time for them to have children.

But despite all the difficulties, costs and difficulties, the Paraguayan anaconda is a pet that many dream of. This is really a solid snake, very beautiful and characteristic, for which it is interesting to watch.

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