One of the most beautiful, mysterious and attractive to tourists and travelers natural objects are mountain systems in different parts of our planet. Their study and conquest involved scientists, climbers. By the way, every continent has its highest mountain point. The world famous Mount Everest is recognized as the highest mountain point of our planet (8848 m). Every self-respecting climber dreams to conquer her, and every traveler inspects and visits at her foot.
But is it true that Everest is the highest mountain in the solar system?
Scientists have established such an interesting fact that even on Earth this is not the main education in height. In the depths of the Pacific Ocean, in the area of the Hawaiian Islands, there is a volcano that has been silent for a long time - Mauna Kea. Its height together with the underwater part is more than 10 kilometers. Above sea level, it is only 4.5 kilometers, but if we consider in general, then, in principle, it turns out that the highest mountain in the solar system is not Everest at all, but rather Mauna Kea.
Outside the earth
In addition to our planet in the universe there are millions of stars, planets, satellites and other celestial bodies that have not yet been studied. Only Earth is suitable for life. The rest of the planet are studied by scientists together with astronauts. Satellites go there, take samples of soil and water.
The movement of lithospheric plates gives the Earth primacy over the formation of natural high mountain peaks. However, with the development of technologies and programs for the study of space and planets, scientists have concluded that the highest mountain in the solar system may be located outside the planet Earth. Astrogeology science deals with this and many other cosmic questions about mountains. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that the usual parameters when studying mountains on our planet are not suitable for the solar system as a whole.
The starting point above sea level is absent in such studies. Therefore, it is difficult to classify mountain systems on Earth and other planets in one group. However, in general, the scientific reality is such that there are openly many different cosmic mountain formations. This fact can significantly affect the name of the highest mountain in the solar system. The peculiarity of the formation of such massifs is the impact of the planet against some body, a volcanic eruption, tectonic movement.
Mars and Vesta
Scientists openly and substantiated enough theories. This became possible thanks to the development of technologies for studying the terrestrial planets with the help of special devices that were sent into space and received the necessary data and images. Basically there are two record holders who can claim to be the planet on which the highest mountain in the solar system is located.
Vesta - a huge asteroid - ranks first. On its surface, the peak Reyasilviya was found. It is formed naturally. He is considered the result of a collision of the planet with some body. The diameter of the planet is quite small compared to other applicants. However, the height of education is the largest - 22.5 kilometers. His discovery provides an answer to the question of which planet has the highest mountain in the solar system. It is located on the West, if you consider it a planet.
The second largest in scale system of the mountain volcano is Olympus, which is located on Mars. Its name comes from the mythical mountain of Olympus of the same name, on which all the gods and goddesses described in the myths of ancient Greece lived. This is symbolic, since the height and area of an extinct volcano amaze any imagination - 22 km in height and 54 km in width!
In various works of astrogeological scientists, it was pointed out that if it were possible to be at the top of the volcano itself, then it’s simply impossible to see its slopes, they go far beyond the horizon. Prior to the discovery of a peak in the crater on Vesta, this formation was considered the highest and largest. This discovery dissuaded the world community that the highest mountain in the solar system is on Mars.
In addition to these objects on Venus, Mars, Saturn, and the Moon, many mountain ranges and volcanoes are open, which line up with the Earth’s massifs and are not inferior to them, and often even exceed them in various physical parameters.