An amazing creature of nature - viviparous lizard

Anonim

How beautiful and great our world is! Its diversity is simply amazing, since the man still has not recognized all kinds of animals and plants. Earlier, little attention was paid to the study of nature, because scientists worked on the development of science and industry. The trend towards the discovery of new living organisms began to appear only at the end of the 18th century: first, European scientists became interested in the flora and fauna of our Earth, who then had the latest technology and knowledge in Asia, which also began to study all life on the planet.

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Everyone knows that animals were divided into wild and domestic. The first, of course, were found only in the wild and could not be tamed, while the latter could live in peace at home. Since not all animals could be kept at home, experts identified several species to facilitate selection. The lizard was ranked as one of them. It simultaneously began to appear both wild reptiles, and that which can live together with people in their dwelling. Since, when properly treated, the lizard living at home feels free and quite comfortable, the scientists decided to classify it as a domestic species of reptile. In our today's article you will learn what kind of animal it is and how it differs from many others.

The viviparous lizard (Latin name Zootoca vivipara) belongs to a large family of true lizards. Since it almost does not perceive low temperatures, it can live even in cold conditions. At the moment, it is common in Central, Northern and Eastern Europe, as well as in Asia.

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The viviparous lizard has an average of 15 centimeters in length, although there are also larger individuals. At the same time it has a tail about 11 centimeters long. Males and females are distinguished by their coloring. In the ladies, the lower part is most often light (light green or yellowish), while the males are distinguished by its brick-red hue. However, not all lizards have the same tone. There are individuals with a pronounced red tint and even completely black. The latter obtained a similar color due to internal processes and the presence of a large amount of melanin. In addition to the peculiar color, the viviparous lizard is distinguished by stripes that go all over the body. Most often they are black, although there are individuals with gray and brown stripes. This reptile feeds on insects: beetles, earthworms, mosquitoes. Since her teeth are very small and unable to chew food, she holds the prey in her teeth for a while and then swallows it whole. Like all other species of reptiles, the viviparous lizard swims very well, which often saves from enemies. In the winter, it falls into a kind of hibernation, burrowing into shallow burrows (up to 30 centimeters underground).

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This type of reptile becomes sexually mature by the third year of life. After hibernation (approximately in April), the lizard is ready for mating. The viviparous lizard (you already saw the photo of it in our article) is a rare type of reptile. Firstly, it is an extraordinary representative of its species listed in the Red Book, and secondly, it is one of the few reptiles that are capable of live birth.

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