Styles of architecture of Spain. The most famous monuments of architecture of Spain

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Spain is a country of conquistadors and seafarers, traders and travelers, pirates and beautiful women, exquisite dishes and picturesque architecture. In the Spanish kingdom, revolutions thundered throughout its existence, dictatorial power was overthrown, the post-war regime was destroyed. People returned to a peaceful life and revived monuments of historical times. Artists sprinkled canvas, and the masters sculpted buildings and gigantic monuments. Spain lived according to the unwritten laws known only to her and still exists in a beautiful and uncommon performance as a relict civilization.

The architecture of Spain - the cultural value of the world

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Perhaps the architecture of such a beautiful country like Spain should be treated with all respect. It is an unpredictable and fantastic world, surrounded on all sides by the high-altitude ranges of the Pyrenees and Cantabria, as well as the Iberian and Catalan mountains with the Canary Islands adjacent to them. Throughout these natural tablets, there is the proud kingdom of the Spanish people. The towers of palaces and museums, columns of amphitheaters, statues of Roman gods and heroes of ancient Greek Hellas. Openwork houses and mosaic front gardens, alleys and fountains, parks and galleries. Cathedrals and mosques, monuments of European and Islamic styles, unforgettable buildings, conquering with fabulousness and originality. The architecture of Spain shakes its magnificence, despite the modest size of the Atlantic state.

Spanish ancestors style

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Having been in this paradise, attracting millions of tourists, all your life you will remember the thrilling excitement of experienced beauties. The styles of architecture in Spain amaze with the depth of inspiration and uniqueness of creation. Many buildings from the time of Rome were built of solid brick, still polished by the winds of history. Mudehar - the so-called style of architecture, created from this noble material. He absorbed the workmanship and intelligence of European, Jewish and Moorish masters. Also in the brickwork there are Gothic and Baroque styles, which appeared in the early 17th and 18th centuries. And in the 19th and 20th centuries the modern was born - the image of the school of art by the talented architect Antonio Gaudi. Many works are included in the UNESCO World Heritage. These are such exhibits as a park with a castle, built by order of the Catalan industrialist and politician Eusebi Güell and named in his honor, the house of Vicenç, the estate of Ballo and the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona. At sunset of the 19th century, the facing style of Neomudekhar became fashionable, the exclusiveness of which was dominated by the manufacture of arches, domes and walls with mosaics and clay-colored clay tiles.

Monuments of Spain as the revived heritage of Catalonia

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The diversity and grandeur of the monuments of culture and heritage that inspire the Spanish plateaus of a mountainous country enchant and plunge into distant milestones of epics and legends. Starting with the ruins of the Roman settlers of La Llosa, you can do a stunning tour of the territories and villages. These are beautiful monuments of architecture of Spain, such as:

  • Fortified wall, starting at the Church of St. Mary and stretching to Plaza Catalunya.
  • Siege walls and gates of Alcudia;
  • Architectural ruins of Baelo Claudia and La Llosa.
  • The towers of Tavira and Torre del Oro, Torre Vella and Almenaras, Santa Cruz de Tenerife and the fortress of Moors.
  • The bridges of Alcantara, Maria Cristina, Zubisuri and the iron Pont De Ferro;
  • Gates of the Sun and Jerez, Puerta de Tierra and Alcudia.
  • Fountains of the water maze, luminous and enchanting.
  • Pedestals Columbus, Don Juan, copper-bronze monument "Victory".
  • Necropolis and theaters, municipalities and hospitals, palaces and idols.

As well as many other rarities of a cultural society of all times are gathered in one amazing kingdom. She tells about past events and excites when you touch her, makes you immerse yourself completely in the luxurious created quirks, and her name is the architecture of Spain. The rarity photos of this charming temptress overwhelm the albums of not only connoisseurs, but also regular lovers who like to return again and again to the heritage of Catalonia.

Moorish style as a wonder of the Golden Age

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In the Middle Ages, at the height of the eighth century, a unique style of Moorish origin arose in the Spanish county. It is based on Islamic and Spanish brush architects. Such a combination of architecture was introduced by the formation of Arabic education in the Iberian Peninsula. The main event of the culture was the construction in 784 of the Mezquita - the Catholic Roman Cathedral. In subsequent years, these elements and design were improved and saturated with the outlandish decor of the creators. These are carved frames and arches with openwork bindings, walls and towers of palaces, made in the form of teeth and rhombuses. Carved laces, metal majolica and crushed plinth were superimposed on the brick cores. The roofs of the towers began to frame the eight-pointed stars.

Continuing about Mauritania and cathedrals

In the UNESCO book, structures such as the royal Alcazars (castles) of Alphonse 11 and Seville, the Cathedral of St. Mary and the parish of Santiago del Arrabalal, made in unsurpassed Moorish style, are taken under protection. The throne rooms of the chambers were framed with gilding and inlay, and the columns and pedestals were framed with carved figures and sculptures with elements of decor embedded in them. Wonder-style intervened in the artistic acts of the epochs and mixed the Gothic and Romance traditions with the new all-consuming direction. The Moorish architecture of Spain painted fancy catalogs with its painting and embodied the historical plans of mankind.

Baroque style as a museum jewel of Spain

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Significant contribution to the museum tables brought the baroque style of Spain. The architecture of this work is rich in the decoration of the facades of dwellings, greenhouses and holy houses. Baroque begins its way from the second half of the 17th century and rushes into the eighteenth with a whirlwind. Few masters were the executors of such a graceful style, but those who paid tribute to him became, in fact, the “oligarchs” of this manuscript. Such instigators and virtuosos of their cause were the Churriger brothers. The five kindred souls - Joaquim, Miguel, Alberto, Manuel and José Benito - ennobled most of Spain with the beauty of the Baroque.

17th century Spanish architectural tablets

In general, the architecture of Spain of the 17th century begins to amaze with its emancipation and luxury. Religious sculpture appears in the country along with folk traditions, strengthening and forming them. Francisco Zurbaran is a wooden architect who performs the first abstraction work on plastic with elements of mysticism. The most material creations of the artist were: "Still Life with Lemons and Oranges" - 1633, "Madonna in Adolescence" - 1660, "Still Life of Vases and Cups" - 1640. The seventeenth century is full of dramatic episodes in art and counter-reformational attitudes in society . During this difficult period, a realistic form of etude addition developed expressively.

What the 19th century us prepared, or Glamorous Spain

In the 19th century, the channel of perfection flowed into the era of Gothic and modern. They began to erect skeleton skeletons of buildings made of reinforced concrete structures. The decoration was made of stone and forged steel, glass and plywood. Also used were hard rocks of clay, asbestos and tiles. The architecture of Spain of the 19th century expanded its boundaries, taking root into the future of sculptures and structures with stronger and more perfect foundations. It was now possible to undertake and build freely from any available materials. Plasticity and durability of the masses, dynamics and artistic effects of painting, regular geometric contours - the main feature of architectural sculptures and decorative finishes of the nineteenth century.

Oh, how many wonderful discoveries there are!

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In the azure country of the Spanish ancestors involved a great many architectural landmarks and style discoveries. Enumerate them all is not possible because of the abundance of such. The architecture of Spain has thousands of memorable memorials and structures. We list the main and significant creations of the hands of famous people:

  1. The temples of the Gothic style - Alcazar, Burgas and Seville, Toledo and Tarragon.
  2. Castles and palaces - Rahadel and Argimon, Vilassar and Medion, Mantaplan and Manresan, Arenc de Empordà and Montsori, as well as hundreds of stone-molded works.
  3. The Catalan National Museum with the Gothic Quarter and the monastery of Montserrat, the parks of Güell and the Citadel.
  4. Houses of Kalvet, Mila, Vincennes, and the chapel of the family sagrada.

Not every world empire can boast of such delights. What has been invested in Spain is all the merit of the rare handicraftsmen and specialists who once lived here.

Creators of culture

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The architecture of the Renaissance in Spain begins far to 711, when the kingdom was marked by the settlement of Muslims. In the Pyrenean lands were found architectural structures of ancient civilizations of the pre-Roman era. They were representatives of the tribes, called Cantabras, Keltiber and Iberians. After the ancient era, inimitable inspirers and personalities came to the culture of Spain, such as: Gaudi Antonio and Juan de Villanueva, Jose Acebillo and Vicente Acero, Santiago Calatrava and Juan Gomez de Mora, Pedro Machuca and Rafael Moneo, Damian Formen and Jose Benito Cirur Forur and Jose Benito Cirur Forur and José Benito Cheururov. Nunez-Janowski and Joaquin Rukoba. As well as dozens of phenomenal creators of different generations. All of them have done the hard work of flourishing and creating the Spanish territories. Thanks to such architects, sculptors, stone cutters and other handicraft masters, Spain became the apple of God and the heart of the cultural world.

Sculpt grace - do not dig for catacombs

Now we know how the architecture of Spain began and what path it took before it reached the heights of the priceless presumption of adoration. How many minds and hands worked on the great Spanish enlightenment to create the unprecedented. The grace that will be given to children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren and further along the pedigree of the tree branch. Even in order to build the catacombs, we need skill and ingenuity. And so create immortal creations - all the more. After all, the soul of an individual architect was embedded in every detail, he pleased each of them with his breath and patience, warmly stroked along and across and carefully inserted into place. A trip to Spain will be the best confirmation of that. And it's better to see everything with your own eyes and bring a piece of noble memories from there, where the fascinating heights of bridges and the huge halls of temples and museums will give true enjoyment for the rest of your life.

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