Pike (molva): brief information

Anonim

Everyone knows that in the rivers there is a fish like pike. But the fact that there is a pike, do not know everything. In fact, this inhabitant of the sea depths got its name because of its great similarity with its river relative. Science, this fish is known by quite a different name.

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Brief description of the form

Sea pike is called a fish, whose name is transliterated from Latin as a prayer letter. Fish (sea pike), whose appearance is similar to the appearance of ordinary burbot living in freshwater bodies of water, belongs to the cod family. It has signs of sea bass and cod.

A molva has an elongated body shape, which strongly resembles a freshwater pike. That is why she got her nickname. The length of some individuals reaches the two-meter mark. The back of the fish has a marble color, and the belly is yellow-white. Molva has two varieties: blue and ordinary. One such fish weighs about 40 kg. Of course, pike is a tasty prey for those who fish in waters where it is often found.

Habitat

In the greatest number of pike is found in the open ocean, in places with a rocky bottom. Molva lives in the waters at a depth of 300-500 m, and sometimes 1000. The fry swims a little closer to the surface of the water, without diving more than 100 m under the water.

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The habitat of this fish includes the entire coast of Western Europe. It can also be found in southern Greenland and in the west of the Mediterranean. A particular accumulation of the molva is observed in the waters off the coast of Sweden, Iceland, Norway and in the North Sea near the British Isles.

Nutrition and reproduction

Sea pike is a predatory fish. Her diet includes starfish, crayfish, herring, flatfish and cod fish species. A female is considered sexually mature, reaching 80 cm in length, and a male that is at least one meter long. But how does the sea pike breeding process go?

Spawning usually begins in March, when the water temperature rises to +7 degrees. The female is able to postpone up to 6 million small eggs. Most of all, the Molva likes to spawn in the waters of the British Isles. From each egg, about one millimeter in size, a larva is hatching, the size of which is slightly more than three millimeters. After that, the fry will stay near the bottom for another three years.

Pike fishing

Many countries in Western Europe are fishing for prayers. Her meat is very appreciated in cooking for its pleasant taste and great nutritional benefits for humans. Half of all catches are sold in fresh or frozen form, and the second half is dried for sale in Southern Europe, where it is very rare.

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The main supplier of marine pike is Norway, where it is caught all year round. Fishing for this fish involves using equipment for professional deep-sea fishing. However, it is often possible to catch this fish for amateur bottom gear and sea spinning. Mackerel or herring is used most often for bait.

Sea pike is a very tasty and healthy fish. If you ever happen to try it, try to enjoy the taste of its tender meat. And do not worry about reducing the fish population - remember that one prayer may set aside up to 6, 000, 000 eggs.

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