- Linguistic subtleties
- From the depths of the Middle Ages
- In Russian reality
- In the underworld
- Great combinator
- At the beginning of the third millennium
In modern colloquial speech, the expression is, if it occurs, it is not so often. But in various works of literature and cinematography, especially negative characters are sometimes given such a definition as “pharmacist”. Who he is is usually understandable within the meaning and context of the narration. But still this word sounds somewhat strange and unusual for the Russian language. Let's try to understand its meaning and usage.
It’s more or less clear to everyone what a pharmacist is. Who is a Freemason, it is not known to everyone. Meanwhile, as you can see, these two words are almost consonant. "Pharmaceutist" is nothing more than the French name of a member of a secret Masonic society adapted for Russian pronunciation. Some linguists believe that this term came to Russian not directly from France, but through Poland. In Polish, the word "Freemason" sounds almost indistinguishable from the way it is pronounced in Russian.
From the depths of the Middle Ages
There is a completely logical question about the meaning of the word "pharmacer". Who is a member of the Society of Freemasons, and is there really so much in common with an ordinary rogue? But the relationship here can be traced quite obvious. Medieval religious mystical Masonic structures carried out their activities secretly from society. And it gave the full basis for a negative attitude towards them. A simple person could not help but ask an elementary question: "Why hide under cover of secrecy, if you do not conceive anything bad?" With particular hostility to the Freemasons in Russia. It was believed that their secret activities contrary to the established foundations of society and the state. Therefore, there is nothing surprising in the negative sense that the common mind has invested in the definition of "pharmaceutical designer". Who such a free bricklayer in Russia did not even want to know. But well understood who such a crook and an attacker.
In Russian reality
Both in Russian literature and in colloquial speech this word has been actively used since about the middle of the nineteenth century. Often it served as an ordinary household curse, but always implied in the sense of crooks and swindlers of all stripes. By the way, everyday consciousness quite often attributed various kinds of revolutionaries to those who plotted against the existing autocratic system. The word "pharmacist", the meaning of which dates back to the European Middle Ages, in Russia has become a simple synonym for everything evil, secret and deceitful. From people awarded with this title, should under all circumstances stay at maximum distance.
In the underworld
But no less interesting to look at this concept from the opposite side. In the criminal world, the rank of pharmaceutical designer was very much respected. To deserve it, a significant intellectual level, acting skills and a peculiarly combinatorial type of thinking were required. To think and implement a scam, you need to have a specific talent. And only those who were able to prove their talents in practice could bear the proud title of "pharmaceutical designer". The jargon of the underworld is very categorical in defining the designated meanings and does not allow assigning the desired titles to those who do not deserve them. The old criminal chronicle has kept many different examples of farmazonstva. A very popular type of fraud, in particular, was the sale of glass fragments disguised as diamonds. Many scams relied on using fake securities.
The fraudulent topic could not but find its reflection in literature and art. But the meaning of the word "pharmacer" is much wider here than its narrow criminal understanding. The great model combinator Ostap Bender, the heroes of the novels "The Twelve Chairs" and "The Golden Calf" can be considered a classic example of a pharmaceutical designer. Even though the word "pharmacist" is never found on the pages of these novels, their main character is certainly a prominent representative of this criminal specialty. He has reached the heights of professional excellence and is able to emerge victorious from any situations. It should be noted that it is impossible to become a successful pharmacer without the actor’s talent and well-placed special skills. Here, everything corresponds to the famous Stanislavsky system: the fraudster must himself believe in the lie that he intends to convince his victim. Otherwise, you should not count on success.
At the beginning of the third millennium
The world of modern information technology has not only failed to abolish the old criminal profession, but also allowed it to flourish. With the fact that the word "pharmacist" itself has long since become obsolete and is found today mainly in the pages of historical novels or in their screen versions, representatives of this profession simply dazzle. Enough to turn on the TV or go to the Internet. Mostly modern pharmaceuticalists specialize in the financial and credit field. Many still remember the not so old examples of the construction of numerous financial pyramids. It is characteristic that most of those who played these games of chance understood their fraudulent nature perfectly well, but they hoped to outwit the modern pharmaceutical makers themselves. A little less than their colleagues work in politics, religion and show business. They quite successfully "spud the sucker", in their words, trying not to go beyond the Criminal Code.