African fruits: photos and description

Anonim

The fruits of Africa are an inexhaustible palette of tastes and forms. Tourists visiting this continent are delighted with their diversity and quantity. After all, sometimes it happens that the already ripe fruits do not find sales and rot, never reaching the inhabitants of the northern continent.

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So what are the fruits of Africa? Photos and descriptions of overseas goodies you will find in this article.

What grows in Africa?

What fruits can a tourist try when choosing this exotic continent for a holiday? Their list is very extensive. So, what fruits grow in Africa?

In specially designated irrigated plots there are extensive orchards. Apricots and peaches are hanging in clusters on their trees. But these fruits of Africa are different from those that we used to see on the shelves of our stores. So, peaches on this continent there are several species. The first of them is selection. Its fruits are large, but do not have enough sweetness. The second type of peach belongs to local varieties. Its fruits are small in size, unsightly, but very sweet. The third type of peaches ripen one of the last. Its fruits have almost white color, which slightly gives off shades of crimson. This type of peach is also very sweet.

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We all know such fruits from Africa as tangerines, pomegranates and oranges. Trees hung with these fruits are also quite common on this continent.

The most famous fruits of Africa for a European inhabitant are bananas. Here they ripen year-round, bringing sweet and fragrant fruit.

What other fruits in Africa will not surprise our tourists? This is a pear. Although, unlike those that grow in our country, they are tough. But local apples, which can be tasted only in summer, have a pleasant sour taste. As a rule, they are small and elongated.

What other fruits of Africa are known to us? This is pineapple. Although its historical homeland is considered to be South America, it also grows in Africa.

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We all know such fruits of South Africa as watermelons. Here you can still find this herb in the wild. Watermelons were known in ancient Egypt. These fruits were even placed in the tomb of Pharaoh, so they served him food in the afterlife. Today, watermelons are grown on five continents. Extensive plantations of this plant can be found in China, Turkey. There are they in the Russian Volga region, as well as in the southern regions of our country.

Indian figs

Of course, we can meet fruits from Africa on the shelves of our stores. But still we will never see many of them in our homeland. And although all the exotic fruits, photos and titles are not easy to bring, with most of them, we still will acquaint you.

For example, Indian figs are found throughout the African continent. But the traveler should not pay attention to its name. After all, these exotic fruits of Africa (and their photos prove this) have nothing to do with the usual figs for us. This is the fruit of wild cacti, called prickly pears.

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Indian figs are pear shaped. Its fruits are red, green or yellow, reaching a length of 5 to 7.5 cm, covered with small sharp spines. Under the peel is a translucent pulp with large seeds, very sweet to the taste.

Mango

It is believed that this is the most delicious fruit of Africa. Its homeland is the western territories of the continent. These exotic African fruits, the photos and descriptions below, grow on the Irvingia tropical tree.

Mango fruits are egg-shaped. At the same time, their sizes range from the size of a pear to a coconut. Mango has a hard green or yellow peel. Inside the fetus is a large bone.

Mango has a yellowish orange flesh. Its spicy, sweetish taste, somewhat reminiscent of our raspberries, makes this fruit one of the most wonderful fruits in the world.

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Since ancient times, the local population uses mango as a remedy. And its seeds, called Dicca nuts, are used in modern cosmetology and pharmaceuticals. Mango is particularly famous among those who decided to lose those extra pounds. After all, plant matter, which is in the nuts Dikka, is a great way to lose weight.

Ashta

What else are exotic fruits of Africa, photos with the names of which are interesting to consider? On the territory of Egypt grows one of the subspecies of the Annon tree. It is called cream, or sugar apple. Another name for this exotic plant is Ashta.

In October-November, fruits of scaly Annons ripen on the trees. They look like a massive thorny apple and resemble a green cone. Ashta fruit is pretty big. Sometimes its weight can approach 2.5 kg.

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Eat white pulp of fruit. In this case, the black seeds contained in it are recommended to be thrown away. There is need only those fruits that have a dark shade. It is also desirable that the fruit is soft and slightly crushed with a slight pressure on the peel. Buying a completely black Eshtu is not worth it. This color indicates that the fruit is overripe and has an unpleasant taste. The green color of the skin is evidence of the immaturity of the “sugar apple”.

The exotic fruit of Asht, which you can taste while traveling around the African continent, has a very interesting taste. It is like a mixture of ingredients such as melon and apple, yogurt and strawberries. No wonder from the Arabic language the name of this fruit is translated as "cream".

The white flesh of an exotic fruit is not only tasty, but also useful. It contains a lot of fructose and vitamins B1, 2 and C. Also in the composition of the ashta are easily digestible carbohydrates.

Kivano

Many exotic fruits of Africa cause delight and curiosity for the first time tourists who saw them. No exception and kivano. This fruit is called horned melon or African cucumber.

Kiwano fruits are unusual. They look like orange hedgehogs the size of an orange. At the same time on the skin of the fruit with soft thick cones there are amazing marble stains. Cutting kivano, you can see the flesh, in which are white seeds, "packed" in ampoules of dark emerald jelly.

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The taste of an exotic African fruit is as unusual as its appearance. It simultaneously resembles a melon and a cucumber, a banana and a lime. Some even catch notes of avocado in it. In connection with such an extensive palette of flavors, kivano is used in the preparation of not only sweet, but also spicy dishes. It is also consumed fresh, salted and marinated. From assorted kivano with various fruits and berries you get tasty jam and compote.

Exotic African fruit is rich in alkaline mineral salts, vitamin C and P-active substances. In this regard, it is recommended for the prevention of gastrointestinal diseases, as well as vascular and heart pathologies. In their homeland, Kivano is used by local people to heal burns and wounds. This fruit is especially attractive for those who are on a diet. After all, horned African melon has virtually no calories.

Magical Fruit

What else can surprise a traveler on a sunny continent? All exotic fruits, photos and names of which are placed in this article, are unusual in their appearance and taste. But in Africa, a small tree belongs to the Sapotovye family. Its fruits are miracle fruits. These are bright red small berries, the length of which is only 2-3 cm. In appearance, they resemble barberries.

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Magical fruit is sweet and very tasty. But you need to eat it almost immediately after harvest. After all, during storage, the fruits lose all their qualities.

Magic fruit is named so for good reason. He has a truly magical properties. It contains Miraculin protein (glycoprotein), which affects taste buds. After consuming the magic fruit, the sour taste in the mouth is replaced with a sweet one. It is noteworthy that the aroma properties of the products remain unchanged. For example, after eating a miracle fruit, a lemon seems sweet. At the same time, citrus will fully preserve its taste and aroma. A similar effect lasts for two hours.

Magic fruit is used as a natural sweetener. It is recommended to those who wish to adhere to dietary food, but at the same time feel an irresistible craving for all sweets. It is recommended for patients with diabetes.

This does not end the beneficial properties of an amazing African fruit. After all, it contains many trace elements that support the normal functioning of the human body. Also in the miracle fruit is a lot of fiber and vegetable acids that improve the health of the digestive system.

Aki

It is unlikely that the Europeans in their homeland could taste the rarest exotic fruits of Africa. They include aki. This plant of the Sapindov family comes from West Africa. Its unripe fruits are poisonous to humans. That is why in some countries aki is a forbidden fruit. However, only those fruits that are subjected to improper heat treatment or did not open on their own are poisonous.

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Fruit aki has a pear shape. Its skin is painted a bright orange-red color. In length, these exotic fruits grow to 9 cm. After ripening, the fruits open up on their own. At the same time, they expose the white, juicy pulp under the skin, containing large black seeds. Aki tastes like a walnut. It is worth remembering that you only need to eat the flesh of this exotic fruit. In order to avoid poisoning, it is only worth boiling, dropping in boiling water for at least 10 minutes.

Aki fruit is popular in the kitchen of the peoples of Jamaica. Here they make a side dish. To do this, the pulp is pre-boiled, and then fried in butter. The resulting dish in its taste reminds us familiar omelette.

This fruit is widely used in its homeland. The peoples of West Africa make drugs from it that can save a person from many diseases.

Marula

This exotic fruit is also from Africa. It grows on trees of the same name, found in many tropical countries. Marula plant belongs to the pistachio family. In March, small fruits appear on its branches that look like plums. They have thick skin and very sweet flesh. Inside the fruit is a solid large bone.

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Marula is rich in vitamin C. This makes her very useful for the human body. Moreover, a valuable vitamin is not only in the flesh of the fruit. A lot of it and in the bone. In addition to vitamin C, Marul has all the minerals and nutrients involved in the development and construction of the cellular structure of the body.

The people of Africa use the fruit for culinary purposes. And not only the fruits are eaten, but also the leaves of the plant. This tree is a great source of food for people and animals. Thus, the local population extracts oil from the core of pits, which contains many proteins. And in the peel and in the pulp in large quantities, there are natural antioxidants and oleic acid. That is why Marula is one of the essential ingredients of many African dishes. So, from the peel of an exotic fruit drinks are obtained, resembling in their taste coffee and tea.

There is a lot of sugar in marula fruits. Falling to the ground, they begin to roam. The result is a real natural bar, which animals like to visit.

African pear

This plant, which is also called edible dacriodes, belongs to the Burzer family. His homeland are the equatorial territories of Africa. Here, evergreen trees of African pears can be found in forests with moist soils. The height of this tree sometimes reaches 40 m.

The fruits of edible dacryodes have an elongated elliptical shape. In length, they grow up to 12 cm. The skin of this exotic fruit has a purple or blue hue. That is why the African pear looks like an eggplant.

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The flesh of the fruit is soft and oily. It has a dark green color. Locals eat fruits of African pears in raw, boiled, fried and stewed form.

This amazing fruit contains many trace elements, amino acids, vitamins, fats and triglycerides. African pear is very nutritious and calorie. After all, even when boiled, its pulp contains up to forty-eight percent of fat.

Kygelia

In the forests of tropical Africa you can find a beautiful tree with a wide dense crown and fancy fruits. This is a quigelia of the cirrus, belonging to the Bignoniev family. Another name for the plant is sausage tree. Of course, it seems a bit strange. But the fact is that the fruits of this tree have an amazing shape, reminiscent of the liver sausage loaves due to its brownish-gray color. And they hang on long stalks like on ropes. This whole picture is reminiscent of sausages, suspended immediately after production. Pedicels are so strong that a person can swing on them if desired.

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The fruits of cygelia hang on their ropes for several months, gradually increasing in size. After ripening, their peel breaks.

It should be borne in mind that, despite the appetizing name, the sausages of the African tree are inedible. The local population eats only the seeds of these fruits, and even then only after pre-frying. Raw seeds are poisonous. The fruits of the sausage tree are eaten only by giraffes, monkeys and hippos. Seeds of kigelia are a great treat for parrots. These amazing fruits are used by people as fuel, and also for the manufacture of dye in red.

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