Archaeologist-Slavist Valentin Sedov. Sedov Valentin Vasilievich: biography, activity

Anonim

In 2004, on the night of the fifth of October, on the eightieth year, the famous academician, an outstanding Soviet and Russian scholar and Slavist Sedov Valentin Vasilyevich, passed away. He created the modern theory of the historical ethnos of the Slavs. Valentin Vasilyevich - the undisputed leader, academician with worldwide recognition. His amazing diligence and rare erudition, bright pedagogical and unique organizational skills allowed the scientist for a long time to play a crucial role in the activities of the archaeological study of vast territories. He has done significant work in ancient Russian Slavic studies, in the life of the archeological department of the Russian Academy of Sciences and in the Russian archaeological science.

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Brief biographical information

Born in a family of workers in Noginsk. After graduating from school (1941) entered the Aviation Institute, but the war began, and he was enrolled in a military infantry school. In November 1942, he hit the front. Valentine Sedov visited many fronts. His courage and courage are rewarded by the government. The main one is the Order of the Red Star. Also awarded the medal "For Military Merit."

The first steps in science

He became interested in history after the end of the war, and the beginning of the scientific activity of the future academician was in the post-war years.

In 1951, Valentin Vasilyevich graduated from Moscow University, department of archeology at the Faculty of History. Then there was the graduate school of the Institute of Archeology, RAS.

By 1954, the future academician is completing a great work that translates into a thesis for obtaining a scientific degree of a candidate of sciences, “Krivichi and Slavs”. And in 1967, Sedov Valentin received the degree of Doctor of Historical Sciences for the dissertation research "Slavs of the Upper Dnieper and Dvina". Three years later, this work was published as a monograph.

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Phenomenal popularity

In the 60s of the last century, at the time of the formation of Sedov as a research scientist, his recognition by students went off-scale. Even then, they composed legends about him. For future archaeologists, Valentin Valentinovich was like a magnet. He attracted young minds with his openness, enthusiasm, new promising areas of global science, the unique ability to generalize and build logical chains and just a fanatical passion for theoretical and practical archeology.

Foreign recognition

Usually the authority of a scientist develops for quite a long time and is recognized gradually. Valentin Sedov managed to conquer the foreign academic Olympus back in 1970, being the head of a delegation of Russian Slavic archaeologists. His speech at the Berlin Second International Congress of Archeology of the Slavic ethnos was a great success. At this time, the next monograph of the Academician, Novgorod Hills, is published. Both books have caused a great resonance among the scientists and archaeologists of Russia and many foreign countries.

Scientific heritage

Versatility of publishing is known Sedov Valentin Vasilyevich. The books and magazines in which he acted as the chief editor cannot be counted. Since 1989, the academician was a member of the editorial boards of various magazines and publications.

It is considered indisputable that fact that Valentin Vasilyevich did not have student works. Even the early publications of the young scientist were convincing in their viability. His work of the formative period, written in 1953, “Ethnic composition of the population of the northwestern lands of Veliky Novgorod” stands out in particular. Already here, the ability to process complex material, the diversity of views concerning paganism, and the ability to create anthropometric sketches were noticed.

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In his first book, Rural Settlements in the Central Regions of Smolensk Land (VIII-XV Century), Valentin Sedov sets a completely new vector in the archaeological Slavic studies of the Russian state. It cannot be said that no efforts were made to characterize, from an archaeological point of view, Russian villages during the period of paganism. But all the efforts were limited to the processing of kurgan materials. No serious research has been done. Valentin Vasilyevich was the first to begin a thorough study of the settlement and structure of the ancient Russian settlements, and for several decades remained the only scientist who was seriously developing this question. His archaeological campaigns, ahead of time, were continued only after 30 years.

Among the published books and monographs of the academician, the following highlights: "Eastern Slavs in the VI-XIII centuries." She saw the light in 1982 in the serial edition of Archeology of the USSR B. Rybakov. The manuscript had been waiting for publication for a long time, because its concept was contrary to the editor's convictions. When, however, the book was printed, it became clear that it was the main decoration of the series. This happened for the sole reason that the author of this book was one. The rest of the volumes were written in collaboration and did not have a single idea and line of narration. They contained a lot of irrelevant information, for which it is difficult to isolate the really important facts. As a result, in 1984, Sedov Valentin Vasilyevich received the USSR State Prize for this work.

Academician, "who saw the earth"

In addition to remarkable research papers on the problems of Finno-Ugric, Slavic and Baltic archeology, the scientist is also known as a terrific field archeologist. In narrow circles, the development of his Novgorod, Pskov and Vladimir lands is still popular. Twenty years, since 1971, Sedov Valentin Vasilyevich conducted research in the oldest city, a monument of Ancient Russia - Izborsk. Today it is almost completely excavated. The early history of the monument formed the basis of the monograph "Izborsk - Protogorod". She left two years before the author's death.

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As the head of the Pskov Expedition from the Institute of Archeology and the Historical-Architectural Museum-Reserve of the City of Pskov, from 1983 to 1992, Valentin Vasilyevich made an invaluable contribution to the archaeological base of the original sources of Russia of the Middle Ages.

Leader and organizer

Since 1974, the scientist headed various departments of the Institute of Archeology. The first subdivision in which Valentin Sedov did a great job in compiling a colossal card file and systematizing passport data on archaeological monuments of Russia was the archaeological arch. Then there were the larger sectors of the Institute. In 1988, the academician was appointed head of the Field Research Department. He was involved in monitoring and evaluating all the archaeological excavations of the Soviet Union.

In parallel with these duties, a scientist for 13 years was a member of the International Council for Sights and Memorials (ICOMOS). And from the beginning of 1992 to 1993 he was the president of the Russian Committee of the International Council.

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In addition, he participated in many councils, expert commissions and scientific foundations. Despite the collisions of academic work, the benchmark of principle, exceptional efficiency and directness was Valentin Sedov. The biography of the academician is a vivid example of an active life position, organizational skills and devotion to the beloved work.

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