The environmental problems of Africa are of great importance for the whole world, because it is the second largest continent and its population exceeds 1 billion inhabitants. The average population density is 31 people per square kilometer.
The environmental problems of Africa affect 55 countries in which there are 37 cities with a population of over a million. This is the hottest continent on the planet, because it is located in the tropics. However, due to the size of the territory, zones with different climate regimes can be distinguished.
The territories of Africa that require the solution of environmental problems are deserts, forests of tropical type and much more. Basically, plains dominate here, occasionally highlands and mountains. The highest point is Kilimanjaro, a volcano rising to 5895 meters above sea level.
The governments of the countries of the continent do not pay much attention to the environmental problems of Africa and the ways to solve them. Few people care about reducing the harmful effects on nature. Modern environmental protection technologies are not being introduced. Africa’s environmental problems to reduce or eliminate waste are not being addressed.
Considerable attention needs to be paid to such industries as heavy and light industry, metal processing, animal breeding, and the agricultural sector as well as engineering.
The environmental problems of African countries are due to the fact that in the manufacture of certain goods safety equipment is neglected, harmful emissions are not cleaned and enter the atmosphere in its raw form, a large amount of waste water goes into water bodies.
Major negative factors
Chemical waste enters the environment, polluting and spoiling it. Africa’s environmental problems arise because resources are spent chaotically, not rationally and thoughtfully.
The land is exploited, the cities are too flooded with people who live in poverty. Unemployment in settlements sometimes reaches 75%, which is a critical level. Specialists are trained poorly. So the environment is degrading, just as man is an integral part of it.
In fact, this continent has a unique fauna and vegetation. In the local savanna you can find beautiful shrubs, small trees like terminalia and bush, as well as many other beautiful species. The same can be said about the beasts. However, lions, cheetahs, gorgeous leopards and other residents of local territories suffer from poachers whose criminal activities are not stopped by the state at the proper level.
Disappearance threatens already very many representatives of wildlife, and someone has completely disappeared from the face of the earth. For example, earlier here it was possible to meet a quagga, which is a close relative of a zebra, also an unpaved creature. Now she is completely exterminated. At first, people tamed this animal, but then they so abused its trust that they brought it to extinction. In the wild, the last such individual was killed in 1878. They were tried to be kept in the zoo, but even there their clan was interrupted in 1883.
The environmental problems of North Africa mainly consist of desertification, which is associated with uncontrolled logging of forests, which extends to all new territories, devastating them. Thus, land resources are degraded, soils are subject to erosion.
Hence, there are deserts, which are already enough on the continent. There are fewer forests that are creators of oxygen.
The environmental problems of South Africa and the center are largely in the destruction of the massifs of the tropical sector. Also a dangerous and harming place to nature is a kind of city formed on the continent that serves as a landfill called Agbogloshi.
It was created in the northwestern part of the continent near the capital of Ghana - Accra. This is the place of "blasted" electronics waste collected around the globe. Here you can see old TVs and details of computers, phones, scanners and other similar devices.
From such debris, mercury, harmful hydrochloric acid, poisonous arsenic, various metals, lead dust and other types of chemical compounds in horrendous quantities exceeding any burrows and doses of concentration several hundred times get into the ground.
In the local water all the fish have long died, the birds do not dare to fly in the local air, there is no grass on the soil. People living nearby die very early.
Betrayal from within
Another negative factor is that the heads of local countries signed treaties, according to which the waste of the chemical industry is imported and buried in it.
This is either a reluctance to understand the dangers of the consequences, or a simple greedy impulse to cash in on the destruction caused to the nature of its own land. In any case, all this has a monstrous effect on the environment and people's lives.
From the developed industrial countries, it is precisely here that toxic substances and radioactive compounds, formed during the production process, are being brought in, since their processing will be much more expensive. Thus, for mercenary purposes, the nature of Africa is destroyed not only by representatives of other countries, but also by those who must take care of this territory and take care of it.
Depletion of fauna
During the 18th century, the number of otters declined, as their fur was very popular. For the sake of "soft gold, " people went for this crime against nature. In 1984, the dam floodgates were opened, which killed 10 thousand caribou migrating. Also suffered tigers, wolves and a lot of other animals.
In the west of the continent rhinos of black color are rapidly dying out. Conservationists believe that the reason for the uncontrollable action of poachers, who are very attracted to the horns of these animals, sold at a high price on the black market.
Also suffer the white representatives of the species, which can be found in the north. About a quarter of the species of mammals inhabiting the continent are close to total extinction. Amphibians disappear even more rapidly. Statistics are constantly updated, but brings not good news.
If governments do not seriously think about protecting the environment, the list of problems can only increase, so positive changes are very important at the moment.