Museum-exhibition complex "Volokolamsk Kremlin" - architectural pearl of the Moscow region

Anonim

Volokolamsk is one of the cities of the Moscow Region, and it would be completely unremarkable if it were not for its ancient history and the ensemble of the Kremlin that has come down to our days. If we turn to historical documents, it is easy to see that the Slavic settlement on the site of this settlement existed even before the foundation of Moscow. Volokolamsk Kremlin is a significant and unique monument of architecture, open today for visiting by tourists.

The history of the city and the Kremlin

The first records of the city in this area in historical documents date back to 1135. At that time, the town was called Portage on Lama. It is the oldest city in the whole Moscow region, even the capital itself is at least 12 years older. It was often called simply Volok or Volok Lamsky - hence it is not difficult to guess the origin of the modern name. Why is the city so strangely called since its foundation?

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Everything is quite simple. Once, Novgorodians “dragged” (shipped) their vessels from the Lama River to Voloshnia. On the highest hill there was an ancient Slavic settlement, surrounded by a rampart and fortified with wooden walls, with towers and a palisade. The city was destroyed several times, and over time, magnificent cathedrals grew on the site of the ancient fortress - this is the modern Volokolamsk Kremlin. The history of each of the structures on its territory is fascinating and impressive. Resurrection Cathedral was built around 1480 by order of Prince Volotsky - today it is the oldest building of the architectural complex. In the years 1853-1862. St. Nicholas Cathedral was built in memory of those killed in the Crimean War.

Kremlin in Volokolamsk during the Great Patriotic War and later

Once in Volokolamsk there were as many as five monasteries, each of which served as a fortress during raids by enemies. Today only the Kremlin ensemble and several churches remained of all this magnificence. Resurrection Cathedral was closed in the 1930s. During World War II there was a camp for captured Germans in it. After the end of hostilities, the cathedral for a long time remained closed and partially destroyed.

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In the 1960s, the Volokolamsk Kremlin was recognized as an architectural monument and included in the program of protection and restoration. Officially, the museum and exhibition complex was opened in 1989. Since then, it has been incredibly popular with tourists.

Religious buildings Volokolamsk Kremlin

Resurrection Cathedral - one of the oldest in the suburbs. It was built in the XV century. The construction is made of Myachkovsky white stone. The massive four-column cathedral is crowned with one head with a helmet-like dome, which is completed by an open cross. Horizontally, the facade of the temple is visually divided into two parts due to the terracotta frieze. Resurrection Cathedral is distinguished by the correct proportions and looks incredibly harmonious. In the XIX century a bell tower with 5 tiers was attached to the building of the temple. Today, the building of the cathedral belongs to the local history museum, but some of the premises have been restored, and services are held here weekly.

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The second temple is Nikolsky. It was erected at the end of the XIX century in memory of the victims of the Crimean War. This temple is also single-domed, with a facade decorated in pseudo-Russian style. Framed windows are located on the facade in two rows. Inside the cathedral today there is a museum of local lore, where you can see exhibits telling about the history of the region from the 4th century BC. The Sunday School Building has been turned into another exhibition hall. Volokolamsk Kremlin boasts another attraction - the fence with turrets of red brick, built in 1862. One of the corner towers is the chapel.

Museum and exhibitions in the Volokolamsk Kremlin

In the historic center of Volokolamsk, you can not only admire the monuments of architecture, but also learn a lot about this amazing land. Most of the buildings of the Kremlin are set aside for the local history museum, during a visit to which you can trace the entire history of the region since the appearance of the first people in these places (IV century BC). It is useful to know that if you decide to go around the whole Volokolamsk Kremlin, the opening hours of the museum departments are from 9.00 to 17.00.

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During the excursions you can learn the full history of the founding of the city, interesting facts about the construction of monasteries, temples and other outstanding buildings, as well as “get to know” closer to many outstanding people who lived and worked here many years ago.

Useful information for tourists

Not only those who wish to see the ancient monuments of architecture, but also religious people regularly come to the Volokolamsk Kremlin. Today, the Resurrection Cathedral is at the same time an active church and one of the exhibition halls of the Volokolamsk Museum of Local Lore. Getting into the service is more difficult than seeing the museum collection - on average, religious events are held here once a week. One of the most interesting offers for tourists is the ascent to the bell tower. The cost of such a tour is only about 100 rubles (adult ticket without benefits). Visitors can climb to the third tier (observation deck with bells).

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From the bell tower of the Resurrection Cathedral offers an incredibly picturesque view of the territory of the Kremlin and the whole city.

How to get to Volokolamsk?

The ancient city is located 98 kilometers from Moscow. From the capital you can get to Volokolamsk by electric trains of the commuter traffic and a bus (bus station near the metro station "Tushinskaya"). By car you can go along the Novorizhskoye or Volokolamskoye highways, follow the signs following the route. Going on a tourist trip, remember that the museum-exhibition complex "Volokolamsk Kremlin" is only open until 17.00.

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