- One tribe - one last name
- The origin of Chechen surnames
- Kiev is both a city and a surname
- Persian, Arabic, Turkic - the basis for the Chechen name
- Sound features
- Chechen names of the reign of Ivan the Terrible
The whole life of the Chechens was closely connected with their family relations, therefore much attention is paid to the ties of their surnames. Written off names and surnames are mainly of Arabic and Persian origin, but there are also Russian roots. Blood ties play an important role in the life of Chechens, all family members are closely linked.
One tribe - one last name
Even in ancient times, Chechen surnames were one whole, and accordingly, all family members were closely linked. If someone from the family was offended, the rest of the relatives stood up for him. A similar kinship among Chechens has its own name “Tayp” or “Taipan” - one clan, tribe, or one surname. If Chechens talk about a certain person, they will definitely clarify from which taipa. With regard to familial kinship, all its members call themselves “lousy” or “vegetarians”, i.e. brothers, and “voshall” means a whole bond fraternity.
The origin of Chechen surnames
In primitive times, when there were few members of the family, they were all together, made up of one family. Later they began to divide themselves into branches and lines. When members of the family became too many and there was not enough room to live, they began to explore new places, thus separating from their family. But this was not the cause of the breakup of fraternal relations; rather, on the contrary, their connection only intensified when they recognized each other.
Male Chechen names and surnames are derived from the name of the ancestor. For example, take the surname Kutaev. It comes from the name of Kutai, which means “holy month”. That name was used for the boys who were born in Ramadan - the holy month, the time of mercy, purification, fasting and forgiveness. Of course, today it is difficult to say exactly how the Chechen surnames were formed, in particular Kutaev, since this process took a long time. But despite this, the surname Kutaev is a remarkable monument of culture and writing of the entire Caucasian people.
Kiev is both a city and a surname
Chechen male surnames have a no less interesting origin history, especially if it is related to the residence of the ancestor or profession. One of the most common surnames is Tsurgan, which means “patchwork” in Chechen. Such a name could have a tailor or furrier.
The Caucasian people called a tsurga a clearing that indicated the residence of the ancestor. Some authors cite a number of surnames that were in vogue as early as the 17th century. They claim a large number of strange Russian genera.
An interesting fact is that there are Chechen surnames that sound like the names of Russian or Ukrainian cities, for example, Saratov or Kiev.
Persian, Arabic, Turkic - the basis for the Chechen name
Chechen languages, like Ingush, are included in the Nakh group. The names of the Chechens reflect the specific features of the phonetic system, the lexical unit and the morphological structure. The main thing that is included in the names of the Chechen people:
- real Chechen names;
- Arabic and Persian names;
- names derived from other languages using Russian.
Chechen surnames are male as well as names have a long-standing origin. Some are derived from the names of birds and animals: falcon - Lecha, hawk - Kuira, wolf - Borz. Khokha (pigeon), Chovka (jackdaw) is female.
Some Chechen female names are written off from Arabic, Persian and Turkic languages. This also applies to male surnames. In frequent cases, the names become compound. There are some elements that can be attached to both the beginning and the end of the personal name.
Larisa, Louise, Lisa, Raisa - the names that were taken from the Russian language. In some documents there are forms of names in a reduced state, for example, Zhenya and Sasha.
Dialectal differences must be considered when pronouncing and writing. The fact is that the same word may differ in its sound. For example, at the end of the name there may occur stunning consonants: Almamach (Almamach), Abuyazid (Abuyazit), the vowel may also change at the end of the word (Yusup - Yusap, Yunus - Yunas). Regardless of longitude or brevity, in Chechen names, stress always falls on the first syllable.
Ingush names differ from Chechen spelling features. A characteristic feature of the Chechen language is the frequent use of the sound “ai”, unlike the Ingush language. Certain female names are used with the sound “a”, while in Ingush there will be the sound “ah”. For example, the Chechen name of Asia in Ingush will look like this - Aizi.
Chechen surnames and patronymic appear in a very specific way. The father's name must be put only in the genitive case and must be put in front of the name, and not after, as in the Russian or Ukrainian language. Chechen - Hamidan Baha, Russian - Baha Hamidanovich. For official documents, the Chechens write the surname and patronymic in the same way as the Russians: Ibragimov Usman Akhmedovich.
Chechen names of the reign of Ivan the Terrible
The number of Chechen surnames by origin can be divided into percentages: 50% Russian, 5% Ukrainian, 10% Belarusian, 30% Russian, 5% Bulgarian and Serbian. Any surname is derived from the nickname, name, place of residence, occupation of the ancestor in the male line.
If we talk about such a name - Chechens, it is very common not only in Russia, but also in the near abroad. Pre-revolutionary letters have come down to us today, in which it is said that the bearers of this family name were honorary persons and were members of the Kiev clergy, having at the same time an enormous royal privilege. The name is mentioned in the list of the census, even during the reign of Ivan the Terrible. The Grand Duke had a special list, in which there were very bright surnames. They were granted to the courtiers only in a special case. As you can see, the surname has its original origin.
The Chechen surnames are very diverse and unique, their list is long and constantly updated. Someone has ancient roots and retains his surname, and someone constantly brings something new, thus changing it. It is interesting to know after many, many years that you are a descendant of some honorable kind. This is how you live without suspecting anything, and one fine day you will learn the true history of your ancestors.