Tallinn TV Tower: overview, features, history and interesting facts

Anonim

Tallinn TV Tower is one of the attractions of the capital of Estonia. Built during the Soviet era, it experienced a rapid restoration of the country's independence, reconstruction, and today is one of the highest television towers in Northern Europe.

Story

The 1980 Olympic Games involved many cities in the European part of the Soviet Union in their infrastructure. The main part of the events took place in Moscow, and in Tallinn a sailing regatta was organized. For the upcoming games built a lot of objects, Estonia received a TV tower. The ceremonial laying of the object took place in September 1975, and the opening at the official level took place in the summer of 1980.

The Tallinn TV Tower, having received a priority in supply for the speedy completion of all work, postponed the start of work at the Vilnius TV Tower, for which all the necessary equipment had already been prepared. The technical equipment was transferred to Estonia, the telecommunications facility in Vilnius became operational only after a year.

D. Basilidze and J. Sinis are the architects of the building in Estonia, V. Obydov and E. Ignatov were engaged in engineering solutions, A. Ehala was the foreman. The total height of the Tallinn TV Tower is 314 meters. It consists of a reinforced concrete shaft (190 m) and a metal mast (124 m).

It is believed that the Tallinn TV Tower received its silhouette due to the figure of Old Thomas. The chief architect Vladimir Obylov, seeing the sculpture on the spire of the Town Hall, decided to give the TV tower the outline of the main symbol of the city. So a high trunk symbolizes the legs of Thomas, his hat - an observation deck, and the role of the flagpole is given to the antenna.

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Main settings

At the bottom of the TV tower with a diameter of 15.2 meters there is a building with a height of two floors, where the technical equipment, a conference center, and lobbies are located. At an altitude of 140 meters from the ground, the diameter of the tower decreases to 8.5 meters. The construction of the object took more than 10 thousand cubes of concrete and about 2 tons of iron.

Construction work brought together more than 30 enterprises throughout the country. The design of the tower consists of three main elements - the foundation, extending into the ground by 8.1 meters, a reinforced concrete shaft and antenna. The most interesting place of this attraction is a superstructure with a diameter of 28 m, located at an altitude of 175 meters.

Fire

The year of opening of the tower was remembered not only by the regatta, the commissioning of the object itself, but also by the incident fire. During the final work in the premises, the welders worked, and due to the negligence of one of them, a fire broke out in the shaft of the tower shaft, where the cables caught fire.

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The flames quickly rose, one of the employees, Väino Saaru, managed to cut the cables at the height of the 23rd floor, which prevented a catastrophe. The consequences of the disaster were eliminated as soon as possible. A month later, only memories remained of the situation.

Critical time

In August 1991, the Tallinn TV Tower became a symbol of the restoration of Estonian independence. At its foot, the most important events took place, leading to the separation of the country from the USSR. The impetus for the events served as the August putsch in Moscow.

On August 20, 1991, a few minutes before midnight, Estonia declared its independence and secession from the republics of the Soviet Union. Supporters of independence settled in the TV tower. The military assault did nothing, and the suppression of the coup in Moscow led to the lifting of the siege in Tallinn and the attainment of independence by Estonia. In memory of these events, an armored troop-carrier was installed on the square in front of the tower.

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Reconstruction

In November 2007, the observation deck of the Tallinn TV Tower was closed for visits. The reason for this was the inconsistency of fire safety, as well as the desire of the authorities to create a modern tourist facility that will attract visitors with entertainment and bring additional funds to the city’s treasury.

The authors of the renovation project were a group of architects led by A. Kõresaar and architectural bureau KOKO Arhitektid OÜ. The TV tower received a new monumental entrance group, the restaurant was completely rebuilt and a modern observation deck was built. The presentation and opening took place in early April 2012.

Climbing to the 22nd floor, tourists can enjoy a magnificent overview of Tallinn and the Baltic Sea. The interior design of the premises is designed in a futuristic style. Visitors are offered interactive screens with which you can get acquainted with the history of the city, opening views in retrospect and at different times of the year.

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Modernity

Today, the television tower is open to visitors throughout the year. Tourists and residents are invited to rest in the luxurious Galaxy restaurant, which has received a modern design after reconstruction. The panoramic surroundings and the sea distances can be viewed in detail through the panoramic windows.

Of interest is the photo exhibition, decorated in the lobby, which reflects all the stages of construction and life of the tower, as well as the events that took place around it, a lot of work is devoted to the last reconstruction of the object. Here you can buy souvenirs - magnets, postcards and much more that a traveler can leave as a keepsake.

The Tallinn TV Tower is still used for its intended purpose. Here is installed the equipment transmitting television and radio signals to the whole country. After the renovation, a lot of additional space appeared around the object. Some of them are of commercial interest and are leased on a permanent basis or for events.

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Amusement rides

Visiting the TV tower in Estonia brings vivid impressions. Those who like to tickle their nerves can take advantage of the “Walk along the Edge” attraction - those who wish are offered a long walk along the very edge of the observation deck at a height of 175 meters from the ground. Safety is provided by safety cables, and the promenade is documented with a photo.

Tourists, who are not ready for risk, are awaited by a spacious fenced observation deck, where telescopes are installed with the possibility of a broad and focused view. There is also an interactive scoreboard for visitors, where information about the history of the television tower and local attractions is provided. The text language can be selected. Tallinn TV Tower awaits tourists on weekdays and holidays.

Opening hours:

  • From Sunday to Thursday (inclusive) from 10:00 to 21:00.
  • Friday and Saturday from 10:00 to 23:00.

Each visitor is entitled to his own share of adrenaline, for which glass portholes are mounted in the floor of the observation platform. By standing on such a piece of floor you can feel yourself floating in the air. In the foyer of the ground floor, at the foot of the tower, a studio is open, in which everyone can try their hand as a leading television broadcast. The hero can send the recorded program to his acquaintances and friends.

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Useful information

Tallinn TV Tower in the winter and at any other time of the year welcoming tourists in a friendly manner. The cost of a visit for one person is 10 euros, a visit in a group will cost each participant 9 euros, the annual subscription is estimated at 31 euros. Also there are tickets at a reduced cost for the preferential categories of visitors.

The Tallinn TV Tower is visible from almost every part of the Estonian capital. The address is Kloostrimetsa tee (Kloostrimetsa tee), 58 A.

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You can get to this tourist point by own car, for its parking there is a special area. Also goes and public transport to the Tallinn TV Tower. How to get there? On the bus routes number 34 D, 49 or 38. For tourist buses there is always a place in the parking lot.

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