Fianit is perhaps one of the most popular crystals used in jewelry. In fact, stone cubic zirconia is a precious synthetic crystal obtained under artificial conditions. The beauty is not inferior to many natural gems, but the price for it is significantly lower.
The hue that a stone can emit is determined by its chemical composition. During the experiments that took place in the USSR in 1960, scientists tried to create a crystal with certain properties in order to apply it in industry and technical innovations. But it turned out that the experimentally obtained fianit (a stone, the photo of which is higher) was loved by connoisseurs of brilliant jewelry. According to its composition, absolutely all fianits are zirconium dioxide. Special processing allows you to get a high level of refraction of the beam, very similar to diamond. That is why a peculiar play of light is obtained with daylight and artificial radiation.
This property is sometimes confusing to buyers who believe that cubic zirconia is a gem. According to its external characteristics, it can really compete with natural precious minerals. It is especially interesting to watch the play of light in the ultraviolet rays. Artificially derived stone fianit sparkles bright blue, yellow, purple and other shades.
The name of the crystal deserves special attention. It is named after the research institution where the first samples were obtained - the Physical Institute of the Academy of Sciences (FIAN).
To date, there are several ways to obtain precious cubic zirconias. The most common is the crystallization method. A special compound is immersed in the container, which is heated to an enormous temperature - 3000 degrees. Then it is sharply cooled, as a result of which crystals are synthesized on the container rods. Depending on the additives in the alloy, you can get a variety of shades. Thanks to this method, stone cubic zirconia is often used to imitate topazes, blue sapphires, rubies, green chrysolites and purple amethysts.
Undoubtedly, the production of artificial stones is a very expensive enterprise, but it is several times more economical than starting a search for new deposits of diamonds, corundum and other valuable rocks. That is why stone cubic zirconia will long remain in demand. Its popularity is explained simply: many people want to buy jewelry with a diamond, but not everyone can afford such a purchase. And graceful cubic zirconias with no less bright brilliance and variety of shades are available to a wide audience. Modern technologies allow you to create real masterpieces using this "zirconium cube".
In addition, the valuable crystal is in demand in the chemical industry, electronics, precision engineering. It is an excellent insulator at low and medium temperatures. And becomes a conductive material when heated above 300 degrees. Handling this stone is not easy. Due to the fragility of the structure, it often crumbles. To reduce brittleness, cut the edges slightly.