The world capital of fashion, design and the financial and industrial center of Italy is located in the north of the country. The city is the capital of the homonymous province and Lombardy, the largest region of Italy. By population Milan, the second in the country after Rome. The whole world knows this city from two football clubs "Milan" and "Internazionale", whose fans are in almost every corner of the planet. The city attracts tourists from all over the world both with its ancient architecture and fashionable shops.
Milan has a second economy among the cities of the European Union, after Paris. In recent decades, this industrial and commercial center has seen ups and downs, due to which the population of Milan has decreased and increased. The city has many industrial enterprises and a large number of offices of global companies, fashion brands and banks. Milan is a world leader in areas such as tourism, fashion, manufacturing, education and art.
This city is one of the most crowded and densely populated metropolitan areas in Europe, has a very high population density, which is approximately 7, 385 people / km². Despite some inconvenience of living in such a city, the number of residents in recent years is growing. This is largely due to the attraction of labor from other European countries. The population of Milan, as a commune, an administrative unit of the country, is currently 1.35 million.
The city is divided into nine districts, some of which are widely known throughout the world. The historic center, surrounded by a ring road, built in the XIX century - these are old buildings and boutiques of fashionable houses. This is the area of high fashion, where, probably, the highest concentration of stores of famous brands. Another famous area in the western part of the city is San Siro. Here is the football stadium, where two famous clubs play alternately. These two areas of the city most attract people from all over the world. Over 2 million people visit the city annually. This is more than the entire population of Milan.
At the end of the twentieth and the beginning of the twenty-first century, the de-industrialization of the city is being actively pursued: many large industrial facilities are transferred outside the city limits. Former industrial zones are now built up with shopping, entertainment and residential complexes. The production of agricultural machinery and equipment, musical instruments, textiles, garments and leather goods remained within the administrative boundaries.
Traces of ancient human activity, found on the site of modern Milan, indicate that the population appeared here in the Bronze Age. The first permanent settlement was built by the Gauls around 600 BC, although its name is of Celtic origin. The city is located in the center of the Padan Plain, so this place was called Mediolanum (which literally means “in the center of the plain”), which was later converted into Milan. At the beginning of the third century, the city was conquered by the Romans and became the center of an autonomous region. Due to its good geographical position (the city was on the road to the northern part of the country), the population and area of Milan began to grow rapidly. The main lines of defense of the Roman Empire against the barbarians from Northern Europe were also concentrated here. Already in these times, Milan was one of the largest cities in the world.
Having experienced several cycles of decline and growth associated with the conquest of the city by barbarians, and then by the troops of the Holy Roman Empire, the city began to develop. In the XIII – XIV centuries, Milan with a population of more than 50 thousand people became one of the largest European cities. It was one of the universally recognized centers of development of capitalism in the world. Until the 15th century, it was considered a free commune, then it was under the control of the French, then the Spaniards and the Austrians. During the times of Napoleon’s rule, the city was actively built, many buildings were erected and roads were laid, including a ring road that outlines the historical center. Only in the XIX century, Milan became an Italian city and even considered the question of the location of the capital of the Italian kingdom here.
During World War II, the capital of Lombardy was heavily destroyed by German aircraft. In memory of this, from the remains of the bombed-out buildings, the Monte Stella hill was made and a park of 370 thousand square meters was laid out. The population of Milan carefully keeps the memory of this war.
The administrative center of the province of Milan and the Lombardy region, as already mentioned above, is located on the Padansky plain and is washed by two small rivers that flow into the famous Italian Po. 150 kilometers from the northern part of the city is the border with Switzerland.
Directly the city itself covers an area of about 182 square meters. km Currently, many suburbs and relatively large cities in the region, for example, Monza (117, 000 inhabitants), Sesto San Giovanni (75, 000) or Cinisello Balsamo (73, 000) have already almost grown together, forming a large Milan. It was through the addition of new districts that the number of the population of Milan greatly increased. The urban agglomeration, which grew more to the north and east, now covers an area of 1, 982 sq. M. km
The restoration of the city, after great destruction during the Second World War, and the onset of industrialization quickly increased the population of Milan. The increase in the number of inhabitants occurred due to the construction of refugee camps, the relocation of a large number of people from the southern regions of Italy and the first Chinese immigrants. The demographic boom allowed in 1970 to reach the maximum number of inhabitants of 1.73 million people.
From the beginning of the seventies to the beginning of the two thousandth, the population of Milan fell from about 0.59 to 1.57% per year, reaching a minimum in 2010 of 1.24 million people. Such a long time of the depopulation process is associated with a decrease in production volumes in such labor-intensive industries as steel production and light industry. The financial crisis of the 1990s, which hit the entire economy of the region as a whole, also contributed. However, the last census of the population of Milan, held in 2013, showed that the city coped with these problems, showing an increase of 7%. Since 2011, the number of city residents has been growing by about 2.49% per year. Now the number of residents of Milan is 1.35 million inhabitants.
Approximately 200, 000 foreign immigrants live in Milan, which is about 13.9% of the total number of citizens. Here lives the largest community of Chinese, approximately 21, 000, in recent years an increasing number of Filipinos and Sri Lankans. Plus, quite a few immigrants from Eastern Europe and North Africa.