Plains of Russia

Anonim

Plains are land areas that have an elevation fluctuation of no more than 200 meters, and the terrain slope is no more than 50. If we estimate the surface of our planet, then 64% of the land is represented by this type of terrain. In addition, the plains can be not only on land, but also at the bottom of the seas or oceans. The largest of all in the world is the Amazonian lowland, which is more than 5, 000, 000 square kilometers.

The plains of Russia occupy about of the total area. The largest in Europe and the second largest after the Amazon lowland, is considered the Eastern European. Another, not less famous, its name is the Russian Plain. Its characteristics can be expressed by the following parameters: the length from north to south is 2750 kilometers, and from west to east - 3000 km. In the south it goes to the Black, Azov and Caspian seas, and in the north it comes close to the Barents and White seas. The Scandinavian mountains limit it to the north-west, and in the south-west - the Carpathians, the Sudetes and the Harz. The southeast is limited to the Caucasus and Crimean mountains, and the east to the Ural and Mugodzhary. The following countries are located on its territory: Russia, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Finland, Poland, Belarus, Germany, Ukraine and Moldova. It should be noted that some of these countries are partially only located on it.

Russian plain, climate characteristic

This territory is dominated by a temperate climate, which turns into a continental climate in the west and east. The following rivers flow through the territory of this zone: the Northern Dvina, the Onega, the Mezen and the Pechora (they flow into the Arctic Ocean). Vistula, Neman, Audra and Zapadnaya Dvina flow into the Baltic Sea; The Dnieper, the Southern Bug and the Dniester flow into the Black Sea. The Volga and the Urals are in the Caspian, and the Don flows into the Sea of ​​Azov. The plains of Russia consist, as a rule, of many others. For example, the East European includes Valdaiskaya, Srednerusskaya, Privolzhskaya, Smolensk- Moscow, Caspian, Black sea, Priazovskaya, Privolzhskaya, Pridneprovskaya Donetsk boules, Volyno-Podolsky, Verkhnekamsk, Northern ridges, Timansky boules, Salpausselkä, Manselkya, Suomenselkä.

The writer Anton Chekhov noticed that the plains of Russia are boundless. Passing to Sakhalin, he noticed quite high hills only on Baikal. Plateau, lowlands, steppes, hills, tundra - this is not a complete list of reliefs. Immediately beyond the Ural Mountains lies the West Siberian Plain. Its area is about 3, 000, 000 km 2. It is the lowest in the world. On its territory there are many swamps and swamps. Rivers such as the Irtysh and the Ob flow here, and there are also many small rivers and lakes. The plains of Russia beyond the Ural range are rather sparsely populated by people, in contrast to the East European. The largest city on its territory is Moscow. Each plain is significantly different from the other. The differences are all the more pronounced than in more different climatic zones they are located.

Plains and mountains of Russia are very interesting to explore. There are many minerals, various animals, birds, reptiles and insects. Especially a lot of minerals in the Central Siberian plateau and the plains of Yakutia. It produces gas, oil, coal, wood, gold, diamonds. In the forests there are bears, wild boars, elks, and in the tundra - deer. The riches of this land are great, but far from endless.

The plains and mountains of Russia are a huge storeroom, not only for Russians, but for all of humanity, so the task of all people is to carefully treat the natural gifts of their homeland, preserve its ecology, increase the population of rare species of flora and fauna. These vast expanses must be sought to be preserved and multiplied so that our descendants live in a harmonious world and can enjoy life.

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