Ussuri - the river in the Far East

Anonim

The Ussuri tributary on the right joins the Amur. The border between Russia and China passes precisely along the line of this river. Until the early seventies of the last millennium, this water artery bore the name of Yammuthouse in its section going to Arkhipovka in the Chuguevsky district.

The next part of the river between the village and Upper Breevka of the same area was called Sandagou. The third segment, which was heading to Daubikha, was called Ulakh. It was at this point of its path that the river became the full bearer of the name Ussuri.

Geographical position

The Ussuri is a river flowing through the Chuguev district in the Primorsky Territory. Its length is 897 km, the basin area is 193 thousand square kilometers. It begins its journey from the Olginsky district, from the most mountain ranges of Sikhote-Alin. The Ussuri River, which is born from the womb of the Snow Mountain, flows smoothly. There are only a couple of mountain spurs in the middle of the route. Thus, it is surrounded by the coast, covered with cliffs and cliffs. Some segments are convolutions and sleeves. The Ussuri River contains a small island group in its waters. This is a very picturesque place.

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Ussuri flows into the channel Kazakevicheva. It is located in the Khabarovsk district. There is some water in it and the bottom is close to the surface. She is the right bank channel Amur. A new flow originates from here, which flows into the waterway itself near the Amur cliff, which is located in the center of the city of Khabarovsk. With the help of Sungachi, Ussuri (river) flows into Lake Khanka at an altitude of 69 meters. The largest of the local islands is the one named after Kutuzov.

Hydrological environment

The volume of the Ussuri River is replenished from rain clouds. Khabarovsk, mainly due to precipitation, receives water for one of its most important arteries. Also, melt snow flows into the channel during those periods when winter turns out to be especially harsh and snowy. This is a third of the water volume. The remaining small proportion is replenished from the abundant flow of groundwater.

Flood time comes in the spring and summer periods. At first it’s still the same snow and torrential rains, and then floods. The upper reaches through itself 140 cubic meters per second, with regard to the average flow, where this figure is close to 225 m³ / s. If you proceed 150 km opposite the mouth, we will notice a water turnover of 1200 m³ / s. The climax and the most turbulent currents are raging in the middle - 10, 250 m³ / s. The lower reaches are characterized by a figure of 10, 500 m³ / s.

This river is not so simple: sometimes it is not possible to avoid a catastrophic spill. November brings her cold breath and turns the babbling beauty into the ice, and only under the gentle touches of the April sun she again begins to defiantly run in her own direction.

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Points located near the Ussuri River

In Russia, in the territory of Lesozavodsk, life does not rage - it is measured and calm. There are no noisy cities. It is a quiet and beautiful island of peace, the reign of nature. The river is the border for the village of Zabaykalsky, in the Vyazma district. On the left bank is the territory that belongs to the Chinese residents. Olginsky district is devoid of points of human activity and is a kingdom of nature and naturalness.

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Natural environment

Rivers of Russia for centuries fed the peoples living on their coasts. This reservoir also has a similar function. In its waters live minnows, taimen, catfish, pikes, burbot, minnows and many other types of fish, which could be easily fed to entire cities and villages. In short, there is an extensive choice for the finest connoisseur of fish dishes. This is an amazing world, glancing at which you realize that the eyes diverge from a great number of species. In other situations, these breeds may not get along, their existence side by side may be impossible. But thanks to the favorable environment provided by the rivers of Russia, and the Ussuri in particular, this has become a reality.

Clean, clear, cool water, akin to the one that flows in the mountains, to the liking of Lenka, grayling and taimen. There is a great environment for lovers of life at the bottom. Warm silt and muddy standing water sheltered in their embraces carp, crucian carp, killer whale, creak, carp. In the area of ​​the mouth of small rivers that are in the mountains and begin their journey from Sikhote-Alin, these features are characterized. Fish species that prefer mountain water move in springtime to the spawning grounds, leaving the channel below and in the middle. When the autumn time comes, they return home to winter. In summer, the fish prefers to live in the upper area of ​​the reservoir.

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Use for business purposes

Water supply is the purpose for which the resources of the river are used. There are regular flights with a length of 600 km: starting from the mouth, reaching the highway bridge, ships lose their ability to travel. At this point, the right and left sides of Lesozavodsk are connected.

There is a great potential for the development of shipping, which has not been given close attention before. Nearby is the Raohe and motorway between Khabarovsk and Vladivostok. It is this factor that explains this delay, together with the fact that the coast is littered with poorly populated villages close to the border. The Bikinsky settlement is known for the point of intersection of the line functioning there, which carries out the division between Pokrovka and Rukovil.

Incidents in the course of history

The 17th century was special for the development of the river. He was marked by the fact that European travelers set off on a march, heading for the headwaters of the reservoir. The expedition was led by Onufry Stepanov, a Siberian Cossack and famous explorer of the Amur River. Closer to our time, in the seventies of the last century, these lands shook from the clash at the border that occurred on the island territory. The Chinese power "clashed" with the USSR. It is thanks to this incident, the island became popularly known. In the spring of 1991, the Chinese government conquered and appropriated this territory.

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The Ussuri River can rightly be considered a part of Russia, which feeds the population with fish, the gaze - beauty, and the soul - joy from contact with such a delightful nature. With pleasure you can come with the whole family. Those people who love outdoor activities will enjoy swimming in the clear water, sunbathing on the picturesque coast, seeing the colorful landscapes and fishing, enjoying a rich catch and pristine silence.

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