- "Cheat Sheet" for hunters
- Determination by depth
- Classification by the size of the animal trail
Surely each of us heard the expression "lay down porosha." What is meant by this phrase, they do not know everything. In fact, the powder is snow that fell at night and stopped walking in the morning.
"Cheat Sheet" for hunters
Due to the fact that the snow powder clearly traces the traces of animals that were looking for food at night, the search for wild animals is greatly facilitated. In Moscow and the Moscow Region, such a layer does not occur until the end of November - the beginning of December. A good snow powder is so deep a cover that a clear footprint remains on it, which turns out to be continuous, that is, without significant bare space.
Many people ask the question: “Powder is what kind of snow?” To understand this, it is useful to familiarize yourself with its classification. Powder happens:
1. Horse: formed when the weather is calm, when the snow slowly falls on top.
2. Bottom, another name - drift. It is created as a result of drifting snow, that is, movement of snow by gusts of wind. It occurs only in an open, unprotected place. In this regard, it should be remembered that on a forest glade or forest edges under the influence of the wind, the detection of animal tracks is difficult.
3. Shallow or deep. Determined by the depth of the footprint or footprint.
4. Dead. A prerequisite is a thick snow cover, the depth of which is more than eighteen centimeters. In such a manner the beast cannot move or moves with difficulty, since movement in the prevailing conditions is difficult.
5. Printed. The trace in this case is imprinted in relief and distinctly.
6. Warm, formed on melted snow.
7. Soft. Such a powder is obtained under the condition of warm weather, and when pressed it makes no noise.
8. Tough. Formed from loose snow, when the weather is frosty. If you step on a hard powder, you will hear a noise. This is very inconvenient for the hunter, because the beast is excited and frightened.
9. Blind. The reason for creating blind powder is late snow. Traces on it are not formed.
Determination by depth
Experienced hunters can easily distinguish fine, deep and dead powder. If the trail of the front paw of a hare imprinted on the cover at the level of the articulation, then the powder was fine. When the depth of snow is between eight and ten centimeters, it is deep. The dead powder is also called the printed one, since the "cast" of the animal's claw is clearly visible on it.
The formation of the first powder occurs as a result of snow fall, however, the following may occur even in the absence of it. A similar phenomenon also appears if snow sweeps, when a strong downwind moves dry, dry snow and icy dust. In this situation, older tracks are swept away, so it is possible without any effort to distinguish the old imprint from the new one, which was left after drifting down.
Based on the above, we can conclude that the powder is a loose, fluffy snow covering the ground in an even layer, which often occurs in calm weather. This factor has a significant impact on the result of hunting. A good powder is soft snow, which is so deep that it clearly shows the prints of a beast that is easy to track down. At the same time there should be no large bare spaces that interrupt the sequence of animal paw prints.
Classification by the size of the animal trail
Also, the powder is divided into long and short. Long snow, which was short-lived, stopped early. Under such conditions, the beast has time to leave a long mark. A short powder is a long, possibly incessant snowfall. During her wild animal gives a short trail. Both the deep and the dead porosus are short anyway. This is due to the fact that during heavy and wet snowfall, wild animals, for example, a hare, try not to walk much.
Porosha is a convenient help for both rifle and canine hunters who take advantage of this opportunity in primeval areas, since in a later period there is a risk of injury to the paws of hounds on hard snow. Meanwhile, gunsmen track down the beast throughout the winter, moving through the forest with the help of skis.