Lithuanian railway: features, rolling stock

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Lithuania is a small Baltic republic located in the northeast of the European Union. Located on the coast of the Baltic Sea, near Latvia, Belarus and the Kaliningrad region. The capital of Lithuania is Vilnius.

The area of ​​Lithuania is 65, 300 square meters. km, and length - 280 km in the meridional and 370 km - in the latitudinal direction. The population is small - only 3 million people. However, this is the highest indicator among the Baltic states. The number of residents is rapidly declining. The population density is 49 people / km 2 . The country's GDP is $ 82.5 billion, and per capita GDP is $ 28.4 thousand per year. Lithuania is a member of the UN, the EU and NATO. Lithuanian railway network is relatively small.

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Geography of Lithuania

Lithuania is located on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, in the western part of Eurasia. The coastline is 99 km. The terrain is flat, covered with forests and fields. The climate is moderately humid, mild, with cool winters and warm summers.

Lithuanian economy

The economy of Lithuania can be called quite successful. Here market relations are actively developing. The inflation rate in the country is low (about 1.2%). The euro is used as the national currency.

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Lithuania has few natural resources of its own and industry and energy are poorly developed. There is a balance of services. But, thanks to being in the EU, the country can develop in these conditions. 4/5 of Lithuania’s GDP is provided by exports and imports.

Transportation system

In Lithuania, developed railway, air and water transport. Air transport is represented by four international airports: Kaunas, Vilnius, Šiauliai and Palanga.

Sea transport is represented by the port of Klaipeda, which connects Lithuania with most major cities on the Baltic Sea coast.

Lithuanian railway transport

The railway network went to Lithuania from the former Soviet Union. It has a wider gauge than in Western European countries (1520 mm versus 1435 mm).

The most significant event in the history of railway transport in this country was the launch of the Viking project, in which, in addition to Lithuania, Ukraine and Belarus are also involved. Such a railway link allowed connecting the ports of the Baltic, Black, Mediterranean and Caspian Seas.

Now the Lithuanian part of the pan-European railway Rail Baltica is at the construction stage. And the most important in the country's railway system is the Vilnius-Klaipeda railway section.

The peculiarity of the railway system of Lithuania

Lithuania has a railway network with a total length of 1950 kilometers. The wide Soviet gauge covers 1749 kilometers. And it is electrified only 122 km of the way. The European type of railways and narrow gauge railways is much less common.

The Lithuanian Railways representative office of Lietuvos Geležinkeliai manages the railway transport. The main focus is on the transport of passengers. However, the company hopes to preserve the transportation of goods by the Lithuanian railway, despite competition from the Russian railway transport.

Due to the small area dominated by commuter rail. 4 depot are valid:

  • Locomotive LT-1 Vilnius, LT2 Radviliškis,
  • motor-wagon Naujoji-Vilnia,
  • narrow gauge Panevezys.

The latter serves only tourist and seasonal suburban trains of the Aukštait narrow-gauge railway. Such trains run in the summer.

Fleet train depot LT-1 Vilnius

Depot LT-1 Vilnius serves both mainline diesel locomotives, diesel trains, and rail buses. Diesel trains are represented by single-car and three-car trains, as well as counterparts of the Soviet type, obviously older ones. Both are painted red and gray. Among the new compositions there are Russian-made products.

Soviet-type diesel trains, there are 10 units, the new Russian RA2 - 4 units. There are also 7 newly purchased 730ML three-car trains.

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The fleet of trains depot LT-2 Radviliskis consists of only two suburban trains of 620M.

Fleet train depot Naujoji-Vilnia

Of the compositions of the new model park includes 11 pieces EJ575. Also attached to this depot are old Soviet electric trains ER9M. Gradually, they are replaced by new ones, and one became a museum exhibit. Some of them will probably be handed over to Ukraine. The coloring of all trains is also red-gray.

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The total amount of units of railway transport

There are a total of 15 single-rail 620M buses, 4 rail buses PA2, seven three-car trains 730 ML, 11 two-story trains EJ575, 10 diesel trains DR1A and 2 Soviet electric trains of Riga ER9M, which run on Lithuanian railways.

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Comfort level

Russians traveling on Lithuanian diesel trains write about the high level of convenience and comfort in the cars. Very comfortable chairs, located at a sufficient distance from each other, folding tables, clean bathrooms, a coffee maker and a working Internet.

The movement of the train is smooth and quiet, the buildup of cars is not felt.

In the first class cars even more spacious, larger size tables. They serve sandwiches, water, tea.

Conclusion

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Thus, Lithuanian railways present many opportunities for the transport of passengers. Mostly suburban rail service. The main part of the transport is performed by diesel trains. Some of them are characterized by increased comfort and convenience. There are also modernized compositions of Soviet production.

In neighboring Latvia, an annual tournament for the Latvian Railway Hockey Cup is held. Lithuanian railways do not hold such events.

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