Nature of Sweden: photos, description of features

Anonim

Everyone knows that Scandinavia is a harsh region with special, rather harsh climatic conditions. However, the region is distinguished by a certain beauty, and therefore attracts many tourists from all over the world. One of the countries worthy of our attention is Sweden. This prosperous European country receives thousands of visitors every year. A special story deserves the nature of Sweden. About her speech, and will in today's article.

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Climate

Thanks to the flow of the Gulf Stream in Sweden formed a temperate climate. However, it should be immediately noted that this is typical only for the southern and south-western regions of the country. For example, in Stockholm, the average January temperature is -3 ° C, in July this figure is 18.5 ° C.

If we talk about the northern, eastern and western regions of the state, then the winters are already colder there. Summer is cool enough and not too long. A small part of the north of the country is located in the region of the Arctic Circle. Therefore, the subarctic climate dictates its own conditions there. Here, the average temperature in winter is about -15 ° C. It goes without saying that the snow here does not melt for half a year.

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Distinctive features

In general, the nature of Sweden is such that its territory is bordered by beautiful green fields, picturesque and enticing islands of the south, the harsh and gloomy tundra of northern Lapland, hills and wooded cliffs of the west. At the same time, no one will be indifferent to the majestic shores of the calm Gulf of Bothnia and just a giant system of lakes with a great variety of wild animals.

Now let's focus on the most beautiful places of the country, having studied them in as much detail as possible.

Mount Oreskutan

This mountain is located in the central province of the state called Jämtland. It rises above sea level at 1420 meters, 1048 of which are above the surface of Lake Åre. Translated from the Old Norse language, the name of the mountain is translated as "tip."

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This peak is densely covered with green grass in the summer. Rare plant species grow here, various birds nest. You can watch all this beauty without harming nature through the paths specially created for walking.

The nature of Sweden is such that in winter, due to 100% humidity, this mountain transforms into a monolithic glacier covered with snow. Due to this, many tourists here prefer to spend their time on skis. The top of the rocky system is crowned with a restaurant called Bistrologiskt, from which you can observe the picturesque panorama of the surrounding horizon.

Under state protection: Ristafallet waterfall

This wonder of nature is located on the river, which bears the interesting name of Indalsalven. The waterfall can be reached via the E14. Its height above sea level is 355 m. This powerful stream of water divides the forest into the northern and southern parts. Interestingly, the southern part of the waterfall is not visible from the north, and vice versa. The fall of the water occurs from a height of 14 m. Somewhat higher and lower from the waterfall you can meet fishermen catching grayling or trout.

Due to the fact that a specific and even a humid climate has formed near the water mass falling down, here you can find a specific ecosystem under state protection. In this zone, rare species of lichen grow and animals listed in the Red Book. It is worth saying that here the nature of Sweden has never been affected by man.

If desired, the waterfall can be seen in a single film called "Roni, the daughter of a robber." It was filmed on a story written by Astrid Lindgren.

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The largest waterfall of the country

This water body is called Tannforsen. It is 22 km away from Åre resort and has a total height of 38 m. The height of the fall is 32 m. The amount of water in the waterfall fluctuates depending on the season. In the past century, the question of starting to use this natural heritage as a source of electrical energy was not once put up for public discussion. However, the Swedish people still oppose this undertaking.

Around the waterfall grows 21 species of the rarest and on the verge of extinction lichen. They can not be found anywhere else on the European continent.

From February to April, tourists have access to visit the cave, located directly below the waterfall.

"Abisko"

This is the name of the national park, which lies in the Lapland province. It is located in close proximity to the border with Norway. The territory of the park starts from Turnetresk lake and runs 15 km to the south-west side. The total area of ​​this land, which is protected at the legislative level, is about 77 km 2 . The date of foundation of the park is 1909.

It is here that the nature of Sweden, the photo of which is given below, is preserved in its original form. However, its resources are used for scientific purposes. In 1935, the Abisko research station was merged with the Swedish Academy of Sciences. In the summer, you can enjoy the white nights in the park, and in the winter - the northern lights.

Greetings from space

Lake Siljan is another property that the nature of Sweden boasts. In short, this reservoir is a huge crater formed after the meteorite hit 370 million years ago. For many years, this depression was covered with a thick layer of limestone. The lake has an area that allows it to take the seventh line in the ranking of the largest lakes in Sweden.

Its uniqueness lies in the fact that there are many islands on it, the longest of which is no more than 7.5 km.

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Animal world

The nature of Sweden, the description of which includes not only the flora, but also the fauna, is diverse. For example, to meet a squirrel, it is not at all necessary to go to the forest, since it can be easily seen in the city.

There are many brown bears in the forests, which, despite their clubfoot, move very quickly. Wolverine is another animal similar to a bear. This hunter has a powerful jaw and large teeth. He has almost no enemies. Moves quickly and silently, but lives only ten years.

In addition, the nature of Sweden is rich in hares, elks, foxes, muskrats and American mink.

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