- Major Cities of Mexico: List
- Guadalajara - a new city in the old place
- Ethnic composition
- Problems of large cities
Modern Mexico is an extremely urbanized country with enormous and equally large-scale problems within human settlements. There are only ten cities with a population of over a million people in the country. Ten more - with a population of 700 to 950 thousand. However, it should be borne in mind that these are only official statistics, which, with an imperfect system of government, may not be entirely accurate. Let's look at the major cities of Mexico.
Mexico City is the capital and at the same time the largest city in the country. Most of the population of this metropolis speaks Spanish. Strictly speaking, when calculating the population of Mexico City, the term agglomeration is used, the number of which is about twenty million.
The Mexican capital occupies the most important place in the state economic system and attracts people from all over the country. However, it is difficult to call a city comfortable for life - a large number of citizens live in conditions of unsuitable for life, do not have access to the education system, health care and are under constant threat of attack in unsafe areas.
Other large cities in the country are significantly inferior in terms of the population of the capital, but are burdened with the same problems: security, lack of access to clean water, environmental problems and transport.
Major Cities of Mexico: List
If the list of the largest cities of the country includes only those whose population is more than a million people, the list will consist of ten names:
- Mexico City;
- Ecotepec de Morelos (or just Ecotepec);
- Ciudad Juarez;
The smallest of the cities with a population of one million is Nezahualcoyotl, which barely crosses the line of a million people. This city is located east of the Mexican capital. Its name translates as “hungry coyote”, and the city’s coat of arms is the golden-colored head of this animal with a gold necklace around its neck.
Another large city, Monterrey, is the center of the country's third largest agglomeration, second only to Mexico City and Guadalajara. However, the population of the city does not exceed one million one hundred thousand people. The settlement is located in the north of the country in relative proximity to the American border and is the largest in the northern regions of Mexico.
Guadalajara - a new city in the old place
Before being built in its present place, the city was transferred from one place to another five times. It was first laid in 1532 as a small fortification to protect against the aggressive local population, which at that time still had the strength to resist the conquerors.
However, today the city has reached an incredible flourishing and is among the ten largest megacities of Latin America. Like other major cities in the USA, Canada and Mexico, Guadalajara attracts migrants from all over the continent, and this creates an additional burden on the social infrastructure. At the same time, the city is considered to be the "Mexican Silicon Valley", because there are enterprises for the production of electronics and software development.
Globalization and neoliberal reforms led to substantial economic growth in the city. The weakening of state control stimulated the growth of private investment in construction, the emergence of retail chains and attracted large international business. However, the rapid growth of the economy went hand in hand with the growth of social inequality, which was exacerbated during the nineties of the twentieth century.
Most of the inhabitants of large cities in Mexico are mestizos, descendants of the local population and European Hispanic conquerors. However, the local population is not completely dissolved in the waves of new settlers and partially retained their identity. Among the descendants of the Indians, the Nahua people are the most numerous group, including the well-known Europeans, the Aztec tribe. Most of the Indian population lives in the capital's federal district. The total number of Indians around Mexico is about 360 thousand people.
Problems of large cities
One of the main problems of large cities in Mexico is crime. The geographical position of the country, which serves as a kind of buffer between the poor or developing countries of South America and the USA, makes it extremely vulnerable to international organized crime, which is represented on the territory of the state by cartels of drug dealers, traffickers of human organs and organizers of illegal migration in the USA.
The areas along the extensive Mexican-American border are among the most criminal in the country. They represent a kind of transit points in the path of illegal migrants and adventurers of all kinds. The situation is aggravated by the fact that the Mexican police are not only incapable of effectively combating international crime, but are often an integral part of it, and contribute to the illicit trade in arms, drugs and the transfer of people to the United States.