Train accidents: causes, consequences

Anonim

Rail transport, according to the public, is considered the least dangerous. Most passengers would prefer him, if the question of the duration of the trip is not considered the main one. Although according to statistics, injuries during air travel is still less. Everyone knows that tragic train accidents are possible, but everyone hopes that this will not happen to them. In the meantime, the disappointing "championship" among all types of passenger traffic belongs to road transport.

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Railway accidents

Transportation by this type of transport is associated with a high concentration of freight or passenger traffic. To ensure the efficiency of deliveries, it is necessary to condense schedules, to increase the number of cars in the trains. This leads to additional loads on the railways, the canvas under them, supporting structures. The wear of trains, locomotives, regulating and dispatching equipment is increasing. The load on the manager and staff of the railway is also increasing. Everything is taken into account, it seems to be happening in compliance with standards, but accidents with trains still happen.

Each crash has its own history, causes, consequences. Derailment of the composition of the rails, which caused its overturning, rarely goes without human victims. Injuries and injuries cannot be avoided. This is due to the design features of the cars, the principles of accommodating passengers in them, their attitude to the possibility of situations that may pose a threat to life and health. At the same time, it is difficult to imagine how you can effectively improve the safety of passengers. Derailment of the train and overturning of the car are accidents that cannot be prepared for. The only right decision is a set of measures to reduce the rice of their occurrence.

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Technical reasons

As it turns out, to write on paper is easier than to translate. One of the main reasons is the technical condition of the railways. It is no secret that the bulk of them was laid a few decades ago. Since then, increased speed and load. But to change the way under the new conditions or to lay new is not possible. This is associated with serious costs. At best, partial replacement of the web is carried out in areas with the most pronounced wear.

The same can be said about the rolling stock. Technique also wears out, the aging of the metal is inevitable. Therefore, accidents with trains are inevitable, but you should try not to allow them. But how? If, without replacing a worn engine part, the composition does not break, then it will still travel with wheelset generation. This approach is partly justified - not to stop the massive transport. You have to spend more time on inspections and additional maintenance. But this does not make cars newer.

Human factor

Accidents and crashes for these reasons are not predictable. But one thing, if the wreck of a passenger train is due to objective reasons. The human body - although a flexible system, but it is not iron. Health problems can be and the dispatcher, and the driver. Not every medical examination can reveal these risks.

Another question is when the cause of the crash is unfair performance of official duties, negligence, gross violation of safety rules. Particularly indicative are cases when, during an investigation into the causes of accidents, the facts of being in the workplace of intoxicated persons are revealed.

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How to justify the actions of the driver, trying to catch up the time of being late in the way by increasing the speed on a dangerous section? And the situation when, when restoring order in the cab, the cleaning lady could accidentally set in motion the locomotive “under steam” and at the same time there was not a single specialist on him to stop him?

Racing train drivers for the right to first enter the station and ignoring the prohibitive signal of the semaphore is the height of cynicism towards passengers. Unpreparedness of train crews to eliminate the consequences of a fire and the frequent lack of means to extinguish them can have dire consequences even without the fact of a train crash. The above situations are not a complete list of the neglect of official duties at transport facilities with an increased risk to life.

Fatal accidents: train derailments

It is difficult to compare the severity of the consequences of disasters if there were human casualties and a large number of injured passengers. But in order to understand the danger of a railway accident, you need to remember at least some of them. Thus, the accident in the Krasnoyarsk Territory of 1958 occurred during the collision of two freight trains transporting petroleum products in tanks. The reason is a semaphore malfunction. On the parallel track, there was a passenger train. The fire after the explosion resulted in more than 60 deaths.

Rostov region, 1987. Then, in front of the station, I was unable to slow down, and afterwards and urgently slow down the locomotive of the freight train. Safety regulations were violated, as a result - a collision with a passenger train standing near the apron. The result of the crash: more than 100 people died and even more were seriously injured.

Ufa, 1989. The leak of liquefied gas on the main pipeline led to an explosion of a cloud of its vapor. This happened in close proximity to the tracks, which at that time were two passenger trains. The largest disaster in the USSR then claimed the lives of nearly 600 people.

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Accidents with trains in dreams

Oddly enough, the human brain, even in the absence of references to railway travel, is in some cases capable of reproducing them in the subconscious. Moreover, according to researchers, dreams with train derailments can also be warning. It is not yet possible either to confirm or deny that such visions can be prophetic. However, it makes sense to even think about the reasons for their occurrence.

An accident on the railway, seen in a dream, may symbolize the need to be careful and be prepared for any unexpected situations. First of all, according to experts, it concerns financial issues. If a person finds himself in visions at the epicenter of a catastrophe, but at the same time everything is going well, there are prerequisites in real life to get out of a serious situation without significant damage. If the damage could not be avoided, such a dream could warn of levity and imprudent acts that are most likely doomed to failure.

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