The biggest mouse in the world. The largest rodent

Anonim

The mouse is an amazing animal. They are smart, beautiful, easily adaptable to any living conditions and unpretentious. No wonder that these rodents became the characters of folk tales in our country and among other nations. Usually, those people who keep these rodents as pets sooner or later begin to be interested in questions about how big the biggest mouse in the world is, what these animals are like, how much they can weigh.

What sizes are there?

These rodents are very diverse, including in size. The sizes of the biggest mice are:

  • baby - up to 7 cm;
  • forest mouse - up to 10 cm;
  • gerbil - from 6 to 13 cm;
  • steppe or field - from 7 cm and more;
  • brownie - 6-10 cm;
  • white - from 6 to 13 cm.

Each of these animals has its own unique features that distinguish the types of rodents. Of course, each species has its own dimensions.

How tiny mouse baby?

There are large mice, but the little ones are the smallest, which is why they got this name. The length of their body does not exceed 7 cm. The length of the tail is proportional to the body. These are the mice that fit in the tiniest palm.

Dimensions determine the way of life. Under natural conditions, babies do not dig holes, they arrange homes in the grass, constructing something resembling a nest. At this particular moment in their lifestyle does not end. These small mice nimbly climb trees, do not hibernate, easily enduring cold, and are not against snack protein products, that is, worms, insect larvae or someone's eggs.

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The hair of the babies is buffy, yellowish, sometimes with red. The tummy, the tips of the ears and the muzzle are white. In nature, these mice live everywhere, but due to pest control of crops, gardens and gardens, their numbers have dropped significantly. Most likely to meet baby in their natural habitat in the Caucasus, in the southern regions of Yakutia and the UK.

Are forest mice big?

The name of this species of rodents was due to habitat. These rodents settle in glades, edges, and can live in more forests. This is not a very big mouse, the length of the body of a forest animal reaches 10 cm, the tail rarely grows over 7 cm. But these mice are plump. The weight of animals on average is 20 grams, which is quite decent for such a not very large rodent.

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Their fur color is dark - black, brown, red. The muzzle is specific - the nose is long and sharp. In addition to the shape of the nose, the hallmark of these animals are gigantic, in comparison with the size of the head, ears. What is curious, it was from the forest mouse that such world-famous cartoon character as Mickey Mouse was sketched.

Average sizes determine the lifestyle of mice. These mice live in different ways, adapting to the existing conditions. They can settle in the hollows of trees, dig deep minks, and they can simply settle for the night among the branches or roots of trees.

Are gerbils large or small?

This domestic mouse in our country is in most cases a descendant of Native American women. The first gerbils were brought from the USA in the past century as a laboratory material, an alternative to classic white. Under natural conditions in Russia, dwarf or Mongolian gerbils can be found. In total, there are more than a hundred species of mice of this type, both small and large, living in the world.

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Gerbils have different sizes and colors, but the following is common in all species:

  • tassel on the tail;
  • small, in comparison with the head, ears;
  • pink or almost white nose;
  • blunt face shape;
  • big eyes that make the animal look like a cartoon character drawn in an anime style.

The main distinctive feature of gerbils is their lack of a characteristic mouse smell. These animals are ideal pets for people prone to allergies. The size of the gerbil depends on their direct appearance - from babies 6-7 cm to large mice 12-13 cm in length, excluding the tail.

Large voles?

This mouse is a rodent, which is a character in folk and author tales. It is voles that carry grain, settle in barns and, in principle, prefer to live in close proximity to a person. The minimum body length of this animal is 7 cm. However, how large a vole mouse grows depends on its nutrition. In rural barns, mice can grow into larger animals than their cousins ​​born among the steppe feather grass.

A distinctive feature of this species of rodents, distinguishing voles from all others, is the length of the tail. Proportional ratio with the body - 1: 3. This species of mice has a hamster mentality - they arrange storage rooms, constantly replenish food supplies and live in burrows with a lot of “rooms”.

Do house mice grow big?

The most common variety of rodents, which can be found everywhere. House mouse is an animal that lives in proximity to humans and actively uses this neighborhood. This mouse can be found in urban landfills, in the garbage chutes of apartment buildings, in attics, in basements, shops - everywhere.

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The length of her body starts from 6 cm, however, some individuals can be much larger. The tail of the little houses is either equal to the length of the body, or slightly shorter. In favorable conditions, house mice often grow up to 10 cm, but they can also step over this threshold.

The color of the coat is gray, the face is proportional, the ears are small, tightly pressed. The eyes are black, a little on the roll out, they say about these - "beads", very expressive and mobile.

White mice are always small?

This is all the visually familiar little white mouse living in the laboratories of scientists, in pet stores or contact zoos. In nature, there are no such rodents as an independent species, however, albinos are found among all breeds of mice.

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The sizes of such mice are small, on average they grow up to 10 cm. However, the length of their body and the structure of the hair depend on genetics. Such a mouse may be less if there were babies among its ancestors, and more if there are genes of mountain rodents in its veins.

What is the largest rodent?

In nature, a large mouse is a rarity. Such an average size of mice is typical for an average climatic strip: length up to 13 cm without tail, weight within 50 grams.

Of course, at home growing conditions you can achieve large sizes with the help of a special diet. However, the giant from a small ordinary mouse still can not grow. In the British institutions conducted experiments with the aim of increasing the size of mice. The work of scientists was in various ways of influencing the body - from exposure to stimulation of individual parts of the brain. However, they did not achieve any significant results, as a rule, the mice died during the experiments.

Among terrestrial species, the largest rodent grows to 17 cm in length, weighing an average of 60 grams. The length of the tail is equal to the body. The animal looks more like a small rat than a mouse. It lives the largest rodent in the mountains, in the southern regions. The mouse is called - mountain.

Are there giant mice?

There really are giants among the mice. But they do not walk on the ground, but fly through the air. According to the Guinness Book of Records, the largest mouse is the giant krylan living in Asia, on the islands of Oceania, in Australia and, of course, in Africa.

This animal is one of the varieties of flying foxes and has a surprisingly beautiful golden, light red or yellowish fur. Wing - strict vegetarians. They do not adhere to the full "night mode", you can see the flight of these mice during the daytime.

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The size of the winged golden mice is impressive. The wingspan in flight is on average 1.8-2 meters. Body weight - from 1.5 kilograms. The length of the body - from 50 centimeters. The tail of the winged giants, of course, no.

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