Tenacious bedstrap (also known as velcro, scratch or chain) is used in folk medicine to treat many ailments. Though he is a weed, healers have long been harvested during flowering to prepare their potions. Used inside as a decoction for the treatment of diseases of the liver, kidneys, intestinal tract. Infusions and ointments based on it were used for various skin diseases, and ulcers and wounds were sprinkled with powder.
Tenacious bedstarch (Galium aparine L.) is an annual herb of the marenov family type. The root system is pivotal. The stem of an adult plant is tetrahedral. In the presence of a number of supports, the bedstraw clings to it during intensive growth, rising upwards. In the open area the stem is recumbent. The leaves are wedge-shaped, lanceolate with a point. They are collected in whorls of 6-8 pieces. From above, the leaves and stem at the edges are covered with spines with downward curved edges and stiff bristles. These features make the whole plant very tenacious.
Blossom blooms from May to the end of June. Fruits in mid-summer to early September. Small flowers on the stem in the form of thorn. Corolla petals are white. It forms a small (1.5–3 mm) oblong fruit nutlet. They on one plant can be up to 500 pcs. The surface of the fruit is bristly, the color is gray-brown. The seed resembles a flat nut. It maintains vitality in the soil up to 5 years. May germinate from a depth of 6 cm.
Clutch stickstreet is ubiquitous. You can find it in forests, forest plantations, meadows, along roads and railway embankments. It grows in the midst of shrubs and in the open. Weeds litter gardens. Prefers fertile soils with good moisture. On such a soil it grows intensively, branching and exhibits environmental plasticity at a high level.
The plant is aggressive, clings to the adjacent species with bristles and hooks on the leaves, branches and often suppresses them with its growth. The crops of winter grain and spring crops of grain crops fall under its weight, which complicates their harvesting.
The first shoots under favorable conditions may appear by the end of September. They hibernate well and with the onset of heat actively grow. Seeds that have lain under the snow, germinate, depending on the region in March or April.
Bedstrap Tenacious: Countermeasures
Propagated by seeds. Therefore, the best protection against contamination of the plot is to clean the seed at the stage of harvesting or during storage. Seed material from the bedtime bed separates quite well. The autumn shoots of this weed, which were hibernating and appeared in early spring in cultivated crops, are destroyed during harrowing.
The March and April shoots in most cases are destroyed by tillage before sowing the main crops. In tilled crops, the main measures to combat it are agrotechnologies. A high resistance of the weed to herbicides of the groups 2, 4-D and 2M-4X, used in the processing of grain crops, was noticed. There is a positive experience in dealing with a bed-bed with soil preparations, such as Simazin, Prometrin, and Dialen, as well as when treated with a mixture of propionic acid herbicides.
The chemical composition is not well studied, as the plant is not used in official medicine. There is evidence that it contains saponins, as well as gallic, citric and rubichloric acids, monotropein, flavonoids, vitamin C, hydrocarbons and other active compounds. Of the trace elements are zinc, copper, iron, boron, strontium and others.
Clingy starch has a strong knitting property due to the presence of tannin in its grass. Its diuretic and choleretic effect is also noted. It can soften infiltrates, exhibits weak analgesic, antispasmodic, antifebrile and hemostatic properties. Its positive activity was noted during wound healing, as well as to alleviate the condition of snake bites. There is evidence of its effectiveness in the treatment of ulcers, rashes, ringworms.
Used aboveground part of the plant. Harvesting is carried out during flowering. Grass is dried in the sun, and then dried in the shade. Ready raw materials must be stored in a tightly closed container. Dry grass yield - up to 25%.
The properties of the cleavers are used in the treatment of diseases of the kidneys, liver, urinary mucus and gall, skin diseases, in the healing of wounds and ulcers. In folk medicine, it is used for malignant tumors, hardening of the glands, and goiter.
Used in the form of a decoction, water or alcohol infusion, prepared from the juice and oil ointment, and the wounds sprinkled with dry powder. External use is recommended for skin diseases for compresses, washings and baths. Rubbing tincture helps with arthritis and rheumatism. Inside in the form of tea and in the composition of the charges used in the catarrh of the gastrointestinal tract. The tincture is used for cystitis, urinary retention and insomnia. Fresh juice traditional healers used to treat epilepsy and cancer.
Cleavers are considered conditionally poisonous plants, so care should be taken when dosing, especially when taking its drugs orally.