Knyazhik Siberian - creeper from the taiga

Anonim

Knyazhiki, like clematis, belong to the family Buttercup. They are very similar to each other and some botanists believe that both plants belong to the same genus, Clematis. Their difference consists only in the fact that the princes have petals of flowers, while clematis do not have them. In Russia, one can meet a Siberian prince (a photo of this plant is presented below), a prince of Okhotsk and a krupnolepestny. The flowers are all drooping, axillary, shirokopolokolchatye, up to 10 cm in diameter.

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The Siberian knight is a shrub vine that can rise 3 m in height with the help of entwined leaf petioles. From June to July large white flowers appear on it, and from August to September wide-wedge fruits ripen. In its natural habitat it can be found in Siberia, in the forests of Karelia and the upper reaches of the Volga, in the Tien Shan mountains and the Pamirs. The Siberian knight loves to grow on forest edges, on the banks of streams and rivers, as well as on rocky sediments and rocky slopes. In reserves this plant is protected and grown in European botanical gardens.

If you decide to have a Siberian prince in your garden, then the place for it should be sunny, but it is desirable that in the hot period it should be slightly shaded. The slope can be south, east, southeast or southwest, and its slope should not exceed 50 ºС. Since the plant has very delicate flowers and stems, plantings must be protected from the winds. However, at the same time, the Siberian liana is frost-resistant and even in the northern regions of the European part of Russia, it quietly winters without shelter.

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In general, the Siberian prince is an unpretentious plant that lives on any soil, with the exception of only wetlands and overmoistened places. Of course, it is desirable that this be loose, well-drained and light earth. And fertile, neutral or slightly alkaline loam is best suited for creepers. Plant the plant preferably in the spring, the distance between tall representatives should be at least 1.5 m, and smaller ones can be placed at a distance of 70-100 cm.

Already rooted seedlings and cuttings (two-year-olds) are best suited for planting, since they tolerate this procedure well. Before planting, you first need to cut off all the shoots that are above the first or second pair of buds. The prince has very fragile roots, and they often break. All damaged parts should be trimmed, and the rest sprinkled with ash or charcoal, can be treated with weak potassium permanganate. In adult plants, the root neck is deepened by 10 cm, and in young plants - by 5-8 cm. In the northern regions, this will prevent freezing, and in the southern regions, it will prevent overheating during the hot period. The buds that appeared in the first year of planting should be removed in order for the plant to stick better.

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You need to know that this liana has several names: forest prince, wild hops, liana-listolaz, chieftain-grass. Knyazhik Siberian is actively used in the treatment of certain diseases, especially valued in Mongolian medicine. It is used for edema, impaired metabolism, liver disease, tuberculosis, tumors, dropsy. It is also used as a tonic and improves vision. However, it should be remembered that the ataman grass is a poisonous plant, and it should be consumed strictly for its intended purpose and under the supervision of the attending physician.

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