The urban-type settlement Belaya Gora is located in the Republic of Sakha, Yakutia. According to data for 2016, the number of people living is 2081 people.
The story of the village
The village of White Mountain (Yakutia) was founded in 1969. The need to build a new modern settlement appeared after the village. The brigade, which was central, was subject to repeated flooding due to its unfortunate location. From the very beginning it was planned that the new settlement would become a socio-economic center. Therefore, in addition to the construction of apartment buildings, it was planned to build a developed infrastructure. In order to avoid the threat of flooding, the settlement was built on high ground. The name of Belaya Gora (Yakutia) was given at the end of 1971.
The history of the village
Due to the rapid pace of construction, houses, boiler rooms, hospitals, shops, warehouses, schools were built in the shortest possible time. Oil depot facilities, production plants, an airfield, a power station in the village of Belaya Gora appeared. Yakutia has acquired all the necessary facilities to accommodate the district administration. In 1974, it was decided to move to a new village, which was later declared the center of the entire Abyisky district. Also since 1974, he received another status and is now called pgt. White Mountain (Yakutia).
In 1978, the village was awarded the diploma of the USSR Exhibition of Economic Achievements for the best development of rural-type settlements. Since 2006, the village Council of Deputies began to function, the Head and Administration of the Defense Ministry White Mountain.
Geography and climate
The village of White Mountain (Yakutia) is located in the Sakha Republic. She, in turn, occupies the sixth part of Russia. Slightly less than half of this entire area is located above the Arctic Circle, including White Mountain.
From October to April, the season lasts with negative air temperatures. Asian anticyclone is crucial for the weather in winter. Despite severe frosts (in January, the air temperature can drop to -55 ° C), the wind almost never happens. Snow falls quite a bit. Rarely, when the level of snow cover reaches a height of 25 cm and more. The reason for this is dry air.
Summer in this region is very short, but warm. The average temperature in July is + 19 ° С. But between night and day temperatures there is a big difference. If we talk about record air temperatures, they can exceed +35 ° C.
The transition periods from summer to winter and back are very short. So in the autumn the temperature very quickly ceases to rise above 0 ° C. And spring is not felt at all due to the lack of strong melting of snow. There is almost no water, and the existing snow cover evaporates under the influence of dry air.
Since Yakutia is considered to be a place of permafrost, even the hot summer sun can melt only a couple of centimeters of topsoil. In the deeper layers, the temperature does not reach positive indicators even at the end of summer.
During periods when the Lena River is not covered with ice, it is the main channel for the delivery of goods to the village. First, the goods are loaded onto riverboats of the Belogorsk port from the sea. The airport operates year-round and receives cargo aircraft. In winter, they are the only way to deliver the necessary goods, products, medicines.
Constantly frozen soil has a decisive influence on many life processes ensuring the village of Belaya Gora, Yakutia and the region as a whole. Because of the permafrost, there is a serious problem with the water supply of settlements. It is also important to monitor the health of the heating system. In road construction, it is necessary to apply a special system of alternately thawing the soil and freezing it. That negatively affects the timing of the work and their cost.
But for underground work, permafrost is a big plus. There are guarantees that there will not be a collapse, that is, additional attachment is not required.
The village of White Mountain (Yakutia), despite the fact that it is quite developed and modern, sparsely populated. People living here work primarily in agriculture and the social and budgetary sector of the economy.