Candy tree: description, cultivation and application of the plant

Anonim

The candy tree is an exotic deciduous plant native to China, Korea and Japan. Also found in the foothills of the Himalayas and at an altitude of up to 2 thousand meters. In botany, it is known as govenia sweet. Used in traditional medicine of Eastern countries, landscape design and cooking.

Candy Tree Description

On average, the height of the plant is about 15 m. It has a decorative appearance: a dense spherical crown and large glossy leaves of dark green color. The diameter of a straight cylindrical trunk with smooth gray-brown bark reaches 80 cm. In July, clusters of white small flowers appear on the plant, which make it look like a linden tree. Young shoots inherent reddish tint. The leaves have an oval shape. The presence of a delicate fragrance is characteristic of five-petal flowers. At the ends of the thick stalks grow dry fruit. Sweet fragrant drupes can be eaten both raw and dried. In both cases, their taste resembles sour raisins in combination with cinnamon and cloves. The peduncles almost never fall off the tree and can hang on it until spring.

In addition to the territory of East China, Japan and Korea, it is also found in the foothills of the Himalayas and at an altitude of up to 2 thousand meters. The tree prefers moist sandy and loamy soil. The sweetness can be found among the bushes in the subtropical forests. The candy tree, the photo of which is located below, is increasingly appearing in the collections of botanical gardens, including the Crimean and Caucasian, as well as in parks and greenhouses.

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Breeding process

The best month for sowing is March. Seeds should be placed in a moderately moist soil no deeper than 0.5 cm and left to germinate at a constant temperature of 20-22 ° C. Usually this stage lasts about 10 days. Then seedlings must be transplanted into individual pots with soil consisting of sod, leaf soil and sand. The candy tree also propagates by means of semi-lignified cuttings that root in two to three weeks, subject to constant warm air. The plant does not tolerate changes in temperature, lack or excess moisture.

With careful care in the room, it can bloom all year round, but you should not expect sweet fruits from it. The plant needs an abundance of light. During the flowering period, the tree requires a large amount of boiled water, the temperature of which will be slightly warmer than room temperature. Sweet leaves do not tolerate dry air. Before spraying the flowers should be covered, because they are covered with dark spots due to water. Once a month, the tree is poured over with water with a small addition of citric acid or juice.

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Chemical composition

For medical purposes, pedicels and fruits are used. The composition of the latter includes glucose, sucrose, fructose, potassium, ascorbic and malic acids. The stems on which the flowers grow are rich in:

  • dihydroflavonol dihydromyricetin and a structure identical to myricetin;
  • govenitiny;
  • hallocatechin, which is found in green tea;
  • Laritsetrin;
  • steroid saponins.

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Procurement of raw materials

For medical and culinary purposes, the stems must be harvested at the beginning of ripening (September and October). Over time, they become juicy and become orange in color with a slight yellowness. The composition of dried stalks contains about 45% of sugars, in fresh - about 25%. During the year, about 30 kg of “candy” can grow on one tree. Extract of seeds and young shoots is often the basis of honey substitute.

Application and feedback

The candy tree, according to scientific studies with the participation of people, is primarily an indispensable tool in the fight against alcoholic intoxication and hangover. An aqueous extract of the seeds and fruits of the plant within 30 minutes after consumption significantly reduces the negative impact of ethyl alcohol on the body, especially on the liver. Also, a decoction significantly reduces nausea and headache. Fruit juice, preserves, vinegar and wine based on stems completely preserve healing properties. Ascorbic acid contained in the fruit, is used with a weak immune system and the fight against chronic fatigue.

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To date, the candy tree is not used in scientific medicine. Eating the fruits of plants in food is contraindicated in children, lactating and pregnant women, as well as people with intolerance to the above components. In 2007, the American edition published the results of studies that demonstrated the therapeutic link between hepatitis C and sweet govt. The effect observed on infected mice was that the plant is able to minimize liver damage caused by this disease.

Residents of Asian countries have long used the stem in dizziness, nervous disorders, pneumonia, diseases of the gallbladder and kidneys. A decoction of the fruit helps in the treatment of spasms, cramps, constipation and reduce high body temperature. A remedy based on the bark of a candy tree should be drunk for bowel diseases. In the old medical treatises (including the Compendium of Materia Medica) there is information that sweet eating can relieve alcohol dependence.

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