How the jerboa lives and what it eats

Anonim

Today, jerboats are quite common animals that not only live in the wild, but are also kept in domestic conditions. When you look at these animals, natural questions may arise, for example, about what the jerboas eat and where these crumbs live, what is their lifestyle and how to keep them in an apartment.

Short description

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This animal has a small height, depending on the type of its body can be from 5 cm to 25. Compared with the body, the head of the animal looks large, and the muzzle has a blunt shape. Eyes of the jerboa attract the large size. Also surprised and his tail, which is longer than the body and often ends with a brush. The hind limbs of these kids are very developed, they are designed for powerful jumps. The front legs, on the contrary, are very short and are only adapted for digging minks and keeping food near the mouth. Its round, often large ears speak of good hearing, which allows the jerboa to survive in the wild. This mammal species belongs to the order called "rodents". The jerboas have sharp incisors that serve them not only to gnaw hard grains, but also for the construction of minks. Their external characteristics are somewhat reminiscent of kangaroos. They also move on the hind limbs, but it is curious that these babies can reach speeds of up to 50 km / h, and up to three meters they can jump. According to modern data, there are 26 species of jerboas.

Where dwell

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Usually these animals are common in deserts and semi-deserts. Only certain subspecies inhabit the steppe zone. Others prefer to live on high mountains. Depending on the territory in which the animal is distributed, each species has adapted to a particular soil and conditions. Also, the habitat is reflected in what eats jerboa. These animals live in homemade minks. In their shelters, they spend the whole day and only with the onset of dusk are selected from shelter. Returning to the houses with an early dawn, they close behind them the “door” that they make from the earth. It is interesting that minks have spare passages. If someone finds a home in a fresh traffic jam and starts digging it, the jerboa jumps out in an unexpected place, punching the roof of the cave with his head. Residential mink is in the back of the main course, it is usually covered with small weed, on which the animal rests after night journeys.

Nutrition

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It has already been noted that this rodent is a night traveler. At this time, he goes in search of food. But what eats a jerboa living in flat terrain? Usually the animal eats insects and larvae to obtain the necessary microelements; it is also in search of the bulbs and tubers of the plants and is not averse to eat their seeds. In the deserts, the rodent is looking for shrubs and other possible plants to use the stems found in food. It should be said about the dwarf fat-tailed jerboa. If you put them in one terrarium, they strongly quarrel, and it happens that the strongest eats the defeated. Therefore, before putting several individuals in a cage, you should find out what species your jerboa belongs to. What eats the animal, common in the plain, we found out. But how do those who prefer to live in a mountainous area survive? These animals are also in search of any vegetation that may be on the tops. Roots and green parts are used. Usually this food they have enough for a full life.

Animal life

If in the summer this rodent tries to find food, in the winter it usually does not have to worry about it. At this time he is in his prepared burrows and sleeps soundly. In spring, the jerboas begin their weddings, and by the summer of posterity. On average, four babies are born, but in general this number varies from 1 to 8. And what does the jerboa feed on until it can find food on its own? Initially, the mother takes care of the baby, providing it with milk, but after a few days the crumb can switch to herbal nutrition and even insects (of course, if this species consumes protein in this form).

The content of the animal at home

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The jerboa simply cannot fail to attract with its appearance, so some decide to have such a pet in their apartment. But it is worth remembering that this animal requires special conditions of detention. You also need to remember that some wild animals need a large amount of space, and this is the type of jerboa. What a baby eats and what kind of soil it needs, you can determine if you know how it lives in the wild. Since this rodent's hind legs are very bouncing, it needs a place to "roam", otherwise pain will begin to overcome him, and he may die. But it is worth remembering that letting the animal walk around the apartment on its own is undesirable, since it will hide in a hard-to-reach place and may not only damage the furniture, but also chew on the wall. If the baby is still “run away”, it is necessary to catch him carefully, so as not to miss the tail, otherwise he may lose it forever. Ideally, if you place your pet in a large lattice-filled aquarium (1.2 x 0.25 meters). If the crumb is used to the sandy terrain, the bottom is one third filled with sand, for other species a layer of sod is suitable. It is worth knowing what the jerboa eats in its range, and try to feed it the same. You can not teach the rodent to the food of people. He can be given a mixture of cereals, non-exotic fruits and vegetables. Be sure to feed it with pumpkin seeds, sunflower, melon, dandelion leaves. You can put your pet thin twigs of maple or willow. Also in the terrarium should always be water.

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