- Biography of the military
- Military service
- Work in the KGB
- Operation Danube
- Foundation of the group "Alpha"
- Business trips abroad
- Assignment of the title of Hero of the Soviet Union
- Participation in restructuring
- Social work
- Hero Awards
Zaitsev Gennady Nikolaevich - the famous domestic military. He has the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. He was famous for having led the special-purpose group "Alpha". He held the post of deputy chief of the Seventh Directorate of the KGB of the Soviet Union.
Biography of the military
Zaitsev Gennady Nikolaevich was born in 1934. He was born in the village of Antybary, which is located in the Perm region. His father was a servant. He worked at the woodworking plant in Lyaminsk.
When the Great Patriotic War began, he was drafted into the army. At this time, the hero of our article was only 7 years old. After the victory over fascism, his father survived, but his life changed abruptly, and he never returned to his family. Gennady was raised only by her mother. He had three more brothers and sisters.
In 1948, Zaitsev Gennady Nikolaevich graduated from seven classes in Lyaminsk, where the family moved even after the war, after the father. He plans to enter the technical school at the Kamsky River Shipping Company, associates his further fate exclusively with the Perm Territory. But life was different.
His mother became seriously ill, so he had to go make money right away. He got a job at the plant as an electrician. Previously, his father also worked there. Soon he began to show himself brightly, not only in work, but also in public life. He became a member of the trade union committee, then he was elected secretary of the Komsomol organization.
In 1953, Zaitsev Gennady Nikolayevich called in the ranks of the armed forces of the Soviet Union. For three years, he served in a separate special-purpose regiment under the leadership of the commandant of the Moscow Kremlin. He is in the elite military units, receives qualified training.
Ends service already in a separate officer battalion. There he comes as an ordinary shooter, gets the post of squad leader. After the expiration of the term of service, he refuses to be transferred to the reserve, deciding to link his fate with military service.
Work in the KGB
Zaitsev was employed by the State Security Committee as a result of the merger of the ninth KGB headquarters with the Moscow Kremlin commandant's office. The latter was directly involved in the protection of the highest officials of the Soviet state. So the hero of our article was assigned to a special department of the State Security Committee, which belonged to the USSR Council of Ministers.
At the same time, he continued to improve his education. In 1966 he graduated from correspondence school in the KGB Higher School, which bears the name of one of the founders of this structure - Felix Dzerzhinsky. At the release receives the specialty lawyer.
In 1968, a new stage in his career begins. He is appointed head of the group during the operation "Danube".
Under this code name, the entry of Soviet troops into Czechoslovakia in 1968 was encrypted. It led to the complete collapse of all reforms of the Prague Spring. The joint group of Soviet troops was commanded by Army General Ivan Pavlovsky.
This operation had a very specific political goal - the change of power in Czechoslovakia. The USSR needed a leader who would be loyal to the Soviets. During the operation "Danube", the troops were assigned the task of seizing and holding strategically important objects in the Czech capital. KGB officers were supposed to arrest the main local reformers.
After that, it was planned to hold an urgent plenum of the Czechoslovak Communist Party, as well as a session of the National Assembly. They had to officially change the country's leadership. Politburo member Kirill Mazurov was in charge of the political part of the operation.
The international community reacted negatively to the Soviet invasion of the territory of a sovereign state. In the Soviet Union itself, the intelligentsia protested against such actions of the leadership.
Foundation of the group "Alpha"
The antiterrorist group "A" was created in 1974 by personal order of the current KGB chairman Yuri Andropov. Interestingly, in official documents this division is still called simply “A.” The designation "Alpha" was invented by journalists, with time it got accustomed.
In November 1977, Zaitsev Gennady Nikolaevich - commander of the group "Alpha". One of his first assignments was the development of the Nabat antiterrorist plan.
In this position, the hero of our article led several important special operations. For example, on the release of hostages and the elimination of dangerous criminals and terrorists. For example, the Alfa group under his command eliminated threats in the American embassy in Moscow, in Soviet cities, in which in the 1980s riots arose periodically. This is Sarapul, located in the Udmurt SSR, Tbilisi, Ufa, Mineralnye Vody.
Business trips abroad
Zaitsev Gennady Nikolaevich served in Alpha for years. In 1978, he was sent to Cuba, where he led a group of combat swimmers of the Black Sea Navy. Their duties included ensuring the safety of Soviet submarines. Directly at that time it was “Leonid Sobinov” and “Georgia”. They housed the delegates of the eleventh World Festival of Students and Youth.
In 1979, Zaitsev, Gennady Nikolayevich, the commander of the group "Alpha", "Wikipedia" tells about it, arrived in the United States. He led an operation at the New York airport to exchange two Soviet intelligence agents, Rudolf Chernyaev and Vladimir Enger, for five Soviet dissidents who were brought from Moscow for this purpose.
An indicative successful operation under his leadership took place in the mid-80s. Zaitsev, Gennady Nikolaevich, can be considered an achievement by exposing the twelve American spies who worked in the Soviet Union for the CIA. Moreover, they were all Soviet citizens.
Assignment of the title of Hero of the Soviet Union
Merit leadership noted in 1986. Gennady Nikolayevich Zaitsev, Hero of the Soviet Union, was awarded for brilliantly ensuring state security, working in the interests of the Soviet Union. As well as the courage and courage that he showed during the neutralization and capture of especially dangerous criminals.
He was also awarded the Gold Star Medal and the Order of Lenin.
Participation in restructuring
It is worth noting that the entire Alpha division played an important role in the restructuring. At this time, Zaitsev receives the post of deputy head in the seventh directorate of the KGB of the USSR.
And after the collapse of the Soviet Union, he headed the operational search department of the Ministry of Security of the Russian Federation.
In 1990, Zaitsev, at the head of the special unit "Alpha", takes part in eliminating the political crisis in the Azerbaijan SSR. He leads a separate detachment, which, in addition to the Alpha fighters, includes representatives of the Vityaz and Vympel detachments. For two months (in January and February 1990), they are carrying out a peacekeeping mission in Baku, trying to calm the nationalist strata of society.
In October 1993, Alpha and Zaitsev were already in Moscow. They are on the front line during the dispersal of the Supreme Soviet of Russia, which in fact served as a parliament, by troops swearing allegiance to Yeltsin. At this time, the commanders of "Alpha" show restraint, refusing to participate in the storming of the besieged.
Soon after, the leadership of the division changes dramatically. In 1995, Major-General Gennady Zaitsev resigns. In civilian life, he is engaged in security business. He founded and headed his own security company called Alfa-95.
In the late 90s, the heroes of our article begin to actively engage in community service. He is invited to the various councils and advisory bodies. For example, he is a member of the advisory council working under the FSB of Russia. Is a member of the coordination council Zaitsev Gennady Nikolaevich. The Minister of Civil Aviation listens to his opinion.
In 1999 he was elected to the leadership of the Association of veterans of the anti-terrorist unit "Alpha". Zaitsev holds the post of vice president. In the same year it turns out in the central committee of the All-Russian organization of trade unions, which includes employees of non-state security organizations. These include firms that base Zaitsev and other leaders of Soviet special forces, who retired in the 1990s. These are private security companies, detective agencies, special VIP escort services.
Zaitsev works in the expert council, which advises deputies of the State Duma. First of all, the security committee. In recent years, he received the symbolic title of Honorary Member of a regional public organization that represents the Permian fraternity - the land in which he was born.
In 2006, he received an offer to join the Federal Public Chamber. In 2007, begins a political career. For elections to the State Duma, Zaitsev is running from one of the parliamentary parties, Fair Russia. Trying to win in a regional group in the Leningrad region. At first, he actively campaigns, but then quickly loses interest in what is happening. As a result, voluntarily out of the list.
At the same time, it remains in the composition of the public council of the party “Fair Russia”, which considers the fight against corruption its main task. With his ideas, views and ideas about life can be found in the book "Alpha - my destiny." In many ways, it is biographical.
In addition to the title of hero of the Soviet Union, Gennady Zaitsev still has many important awards.
This is the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner, and the Order of the Red Banner of Labor. The main character of our article is the owner of two orders of the Red Star. He has the title of honorary employee of state security. Winner of various domestic and international awards.