Professor Alexander Olimpievich Bukhanovsky: biography, achievements, family and interesting facts

Anonim

A talented psychiatrist and an outstanding specialist in serial killers Bukhanovsky Alexander Olimpievich has become a real pride of Russian science. His name is usually associated with the famous case of Andrei Chikatilo. After all, the exposure of the most terrible maniac of modernity is the direct merit of the Rostov scientist. However, Bukhanovsky is famous not only for his participation in his capture. The psychiatrist has created his own school, made many discoveries, raised Russian science to a new level. The life path of Bukhanovsky is woven of achievements and great deeds, which sometimes remain in the shadow of the history of the Rostov necrosadist. Let's look at the biography of this amazing person.

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Bukhanovsky Alexander: biography

The future genius of psychiatry was born on February 22, 1944, in the city of Grozny. He was the son of American businessman Joseph Strassberg and dentist Evelina Sarkisyants. The second husband and his mother, the engineer Olimp Maksimovich Bukhanovsky, gave the surname and unusual patronymic to the psychiatrist.

The life path of a scientist, as he himself repeatedly noted in an interview, was largely predetermined by his family. The example of the mother and the grandmother’s stories about his grandfather Aram Sarkisyants, one of the founders of the health system in Chechnya, awakened Bukhanovsky's ardent love for medicine, which he carried through his entire life.

After seven classes of school, he entered the Chechen-Ingush Medical School. His Bukhanovsky graduated with honors. Traction to knowledge led the future psychiatrist to his second homeland.

Life path choice

After working as a medical assistant for a year, Bukhanovsky continued his studies in Rostov-on-Don. This city later became the main field of its activities. Later, Bukhanovsky was repeatedly invited to work in Moscow and abroad, but he remained a patriot, which made him an atypical figure in the world of science. Already in the first year of the Rostov Medical Institute, Bukhanovsky began to show an interest in psychiatry, replaced by passionate love for this subject.

He graduated from college with a red diploma, and in 1970, after two years of service as a doctor in Severomorsk, he returned and finally connected his fate with the department of psychiatry. Bukhanovsky worked in residency, enrolled in graduate school, soon began to teach. And in 1996 he was appointed head of the department, which, under the guidance of a scientist, became one of the largest in high school.

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Creative activity

And this is only the beginning of the energetic activity that Alexander Olimpievich Bukhanovsky developed at the Institute. Biography of the psychiatrist - a storehouse of achievements. With his participation, a "Department of Psychiatry with a course of medical psychology and psychotherapy FPK" was created. Bukhanovsky himself formed the faculty. It included many of his students, who had achieved significant professional success by that time. The department has conducted many international forums, in particular, on serial killings. On them Bukhanovsky was president.

The “Department of Psychiatry and Narcology of the Physical Training Association and the teaching staff”, founded by him in 2005, also enjoyed authority. Like the previous two, she eventually became the head department of postgraduate education in the Southern Federal District. Later, Bukhanovsky handed over their leadership to his students.

His bibliography of books deserves special attention. A. O. Bukhanovsky wrote six monographs, ten textbooks, among them - “General psychopathology”. The book has gone through several editions and is still respected among his colleagues. The psychiatrist co-authored the guide for physicians in two International Handbook on Psychopathic Disorders and the Law, for which he received the Guttmacher Award. In total, Bukhanovsky wrote more than four hundred printed works.

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Discoveries in the genetics of schizophrenia

As some of his students note, freedom has always been the main value for a scientist, perhaps that is why he took on highly controversial and even taboo topics. In 1969, Bukhanovsky seriously became interested in the genetics of schizophrenia. At that time, there was almost no literature on this phenomenon, and he did not have wide access to foreign publications. Yes, and the topic of power is not exactly to prohibit, but did not approve. However, several works of geneticists of the Stalin era Bukhanovsky managed to find. On their basis, the psychiatrist wrote and defended in 1978 an outstanding candidate dissertation, which became a real breakthrough in the field of psychiatry. Bukhanovsky proved that schizophrenia, in fact, is not a social, but a primary biological disease.

Taboo topics in the research activity of A. O. Bukhanovsky

In the late 70s, he began to actively study the problem of transsexualism. In the USSR, this topic was classified as forbidden, and for the operation on sex change provided for criminal liability. Bukhanovsky was even called to the party committee, where they openly made it clear that a true communist should not engage in such research, which, however, did not stop the psychiatrist. Patients came to him from all over the country, and Bukhanovsky continued to work with them. He proved that for the most part transsexualism hides other perversions, and sex change in many cases is an unnecessary operation. Having accumulated a huge amount of material by the standards of those times, in 1994 he defended his doctoral thesis on this topic. And this is not the only work that Bukhanovsky A.O. created within the framework of this problem. The books "Structural-dynamic hierarchy of the sex of a person" and "Transsexualism in Russia" also became the property of the scientific community.

Great success: the case of A. R. Chikatilo

However, the real fame scientist brought success in the field of criminal psychiatry, associated with Rostov maniac Andrei Chikatilo. For Bukhanovsky himself, participation in his search was unexpected. Desperate to find the killer, Captain Viktor Burakov came to ask for help from a psychiatrist. At first, Bukhanovsky did not agree, because problems of this kind were not part of his interests. But when Burakov showed him pictures of the mutilated, torn children, the psychiatrist decided to get serious about the maniac’s business, because his daughter Olga was then 15 years old, and she was also in danger.

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On the basis of investigative data, Bukhanovsky Alexander Olimpievich made a psychological portrait of the criminal. He worked on him all night long, went to the crime scene with the investigative team. The prospective portrait of the killer was 70 pages of text and coincided by 85% with the real personality of Chikatilo.

In 1990, the maniac was caught, but the evidence of his involvement in numerous murders was not enough. Chikatilo himself kept silence and did not go in contact with the investigating authorities. Bukhanovsky was attracted to the interrogation. In a conversation with a maniac, a psychiatrist abstained from assessing his actions. On the contrary, he showed that he understands why Chikatilo became a monster, reacted to him as a human being. That's when the killer opened. Chikatilo sobbed like a child, cursing everyone around him, and confessed to all the crimes he committed.

Breakthrough in the field of criminal psychiatry

Alexander Olimpievich Bukhanovsky made an invaluable contribution to the study of the phenomenon of serial killers and to the education of the law enforcement agencies of Russia, who, before his lectures on criminal psychiatry, did not realize what they were dealing with. The authority of the scientist has become limitless. The psychiatrist conducted his lectures even in the United States at the FBI Academy, where he was later presented with an Interpol award. Bukhanovsky also worked as a consultant to the Main Criminal Investigation Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia

Rostov-on-Don has become a leader in solving crimes committed by sex killers. Bukhanovsky himself unveiled the factors affecting the formation of the personality of a serial killer: organic brain damage, weak sexual constitution and an unhappy childhood. The psychiatrist stated that it was possible to recognize the future maniac before the first crime he committed, and this pathology is treatable, which he subsequently devoted himself to.

The LRSC “Phoenix” - the brainchild of A. O. Bukhanovsky

In 1991, Bukhanovsky Alexander Olimpievich opened the scientific and medical rehabilitation center "Phoenix", which became famous not only in Russia, but also abroad. There, doctors still provide assistance on a contractual basis to people suffering from any mental disorders.

Accepts the center and people with a predisposition to serial murders. And they can be treated anonymously. Such rules caused a lot of horror and indignation among the public, because, in fact, the potential perpetrators remain at large, and the investigating authorities are not even aware of their existence. But Bukhanovsky was not going to report them, because first of all he was a doctor, and he should help a person recover and begin to lead a healthy lifestyle.

Problems of this kind are addressed to Phoenix by people not only from all over Russia, but also from other countries. Children with suspicious behavioral pathologies lead parents there. Bukhanovsky himself went in especially severe cases to the sick at home.

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What do they forget to mention in the newspapers?

Due to the loud success of the professor in the field of criminology, his other activities remained in the shadows. Together with his group, Bukhanovsky assisted the victims of catastrophes and terrorist acts, soldiers who fought in “hot spots”. He traveled to Volgodonsk after the explosion. And the group came to Novoshakhtinsk together with the rescuers.

The last years of his life Bukhanovsky devoted to the problems of drug, alcohol, food, play and sexual addiction. He was one of the first psychiatrists to actively tackle this problem. Bukhanovsky found that, in fact, different diseases have a single mechanism of origin and development. This topic is devoted to the work "Game addiction: clinic, pathogenesis, therapy." Its editor was Bukhanovsky Alexander Olimpievich.

Books and articles, however, were not the only component of his work. The psychiatrist made a feasible contribution to raising the level of professional training of the staff of the Office of the Federal Drug Control Service of Russia and the narcological service of the KBR, and also provided general assistance in the fight against drug addiction.

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Family and students

Over 40 years of selfless work, Bukhanovsky received an impressive number of titles, letters of thanks, awards and prizes, some of which are international, for example, Profession is life. The scientist became a member of the World Association of Psychiatrists and other organizations.

During his research activities, Bukhanovsky introduced many innovations, one might say, created his own school. He raised, according to various sources, from two to five doctors of science and about a dozen candidates who continued his path. As one of the students of Bukhanovsky notes, they all worked for the idea, and it could not be otherwise, because they were supervised by a real fan of their work.

She continued the work of the luminaries of the Russian psychiatry and his daughter Olga, born in marriage with Inna Bukhanovskaya. She took the position of chief physician at the Phoenix Center. Grandson of Alexander Olimpievich Zhenya also wants to become a psychiatrist.

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But Professor Olimpiyevich Bukhanovsky will not see his dream come true. The psychiatrist died from a pulmonary embolism on April 18, 2013, and this tragic event was a black calendar day for everyone who knew this wonderful person.

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