Government House of the Russian Federation: history and architecture

Anonim

White stone Moscow - so often characterize the capital of fellow citizens and foreign tourists. The Government House of the Russian Federation fully fits into the historical concept, it has a turbulent dramatic history, unique architecture and is a modern landmark.

Story

You can view the Government House of the Russian Federation from Krasnopresnenskaya Embankment. It was built for fourteen years - from 1965 to 1979. The project was created by two talented architects - Dmitry Chechulin and Pavel Shteller. The basis for the development was the failed project for the house of "Aeroflot", which was never implemented. If we compare the two projects, it will become clear that they are similar, but the building constructed is a simplified version of the original idea.

The Government House of the Russian Federation has a height of 102 meters, if you add a flagpole, the figure will be even more impressive - 119 meters. The building area is 172.7 square meters. meters After the construction was completed and commissioned, the premises were occupied by the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR (1981-1993), and since 1994 the Government of the Russian Federation has been working here.

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Architecture

The Government House of the Russian Federation has a symmetrical architecture. When looking at the building, three components of the overall composition can be identified. The bottom is the base of the whole composition. It is decorated with ramps, a wide main staircase leading from the Moskva River to the central main entrance; the veneer is made of natural granite slabs. The main highlight of the base is the seven-story tier, where the assembly hall is located, which is intended for government meetings.

The twenty-floor tower was the most visible part of the building. The rounded corners of the stately structure give a harmonious sound to the whole composition. On the turret of the upper tier shines coat of arms of Russia. Earlier, a clock damaged during the riots in 1993 was located at the place of the coat of arms. The entire structure is crowned with a tall flagpole with a waving flag of the country.

To decorate the interior by architect D. Chechulin, marble of various shades and multi-colored natural stones of natural origin were chosen. Government meetings take place in twenty-seven rooms, where the latest equipment is installed, comfort is guaranteed for productive work. Tours are not conducted here, so you can only consider the exterior architecture, which is famous for the Government House of the Russian Federation. Photos of the interior will complement the overall impression of the building.

The area around the house is guarded, surrounded by a wrought-iron fence and given to a car park. Not far from the building is a monument - Humpback Bridge.

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Rebellious 1991

The events of August 1991 in its dramatic part unfolded near the government building, where from 18 to 21 August the self-proclaimed body, the State Emergency Committee, met. Events unfolded at lightning speed, Boris Yeltsin became the head of the resistance. At that time, military equipment was brought to Moscow, in opposition to which supporters of the incumbent president gathered for a rally. During the period of confrontation, the Government House of the Russian Federation began to be called the White House in the media.

The head of the opposition, Yeltsin, held rallies, spoke to supporters. The brightest and most memorable speech was made from the armor of the tank on August 19, and the next day there were clashes between the parties to the conflict. The victory was left to Yeltsin and radically changed the life of the whole country. The events entered the newest history with the name "August coup".

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October storming of the White House

But the most dramatic events occurred later. In the fall of 1993, internal political disputes turned into an acute phase of military confrontation, the final of which was the assault. From September 21 to October 4, armed clashes took place on the streets of the capital, and troops were again brought into Moscow. The assault took place on October 4, one thousand seven hundred people and thirty units of military equipment (10 T-80 tanks, 20 armored personnel carriers) took part in the events.

Military equipment shelled the building. The tanks deployed on Kalininsky Bridge conducted aimed fire on the upper floors, 12 volleys were fired. The fire engulfed the upper floors, the defenders of the Government House had to surrender their weapons and evacuate.

The result of the armed assault was the destruction of a part of the government building, almost 8 floors were burned out (from 12 to 20). 246 people were injured, of whom 74 died during shelling. For all the days of the October riots, about 160 people died, about four hundred citizens were injured of varying degrees of severity.

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Reconstruction and restoration

Dramatic events left significant damage to the building, and restoration and repair was required. Turkish specialists were involved in the work. Repair and reconstruction were completed in 1994. The clock on the tower of the House of Government replaced the emblem of the Russian Federation.

The surrounding area was surrounded by a high figured fence, which excluded any meetings and rallies near the building.

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How can I get to

The beauty of the building is best seen from the Novoarbatsky bridge or from the T. Shevchenko embankment. To appreciate all the details of the architecture and the surrounding area, it is worth driving to Barrikadnaya station, walk a little and see the Government House of the Russian Federation. The Koltsevaya metro line will take the tourist to Krasnopresnenskaya station, from where it is easy to reach the building of interest.

The Government House of the Russian Federation has the following address: Krasnopresnenskaya Embankment, Building 2.

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