South Dakota became part of the United States on November 2, 1889. It is located in the Midwest of the country. The origin of its name is associated with the name of one of the tribes that lived in this territory several centuries ago. The agrarian-industrial complex prevails in the local economy.
Before the advent of the colonialists, several warring nations lived here. The most numerous among them were the Dakota, Lakota and Arikara Aboriginal groups. The bloodiest conflict between them occurred in the fourteenth century. He entered the story as the Crow Creek Massacre. The first Europeans to appear here in 1743 were the French. The expedition was led by the La Veredi brothers, who immediately declared the territory to be French property. After that, the region became part of the Louisiana colony. Sixty years later, South Dakota entered the list of lands that France sold to the United States. In the fifties of the nineteenth century, according to a contract signed by representatives of the Sioux Indians with the American authorities, the aborigines gave up the right to own these lands. The state was officially incorporated into the USA on November 2, 1889.
The total area of the state is almost 200 thousand square kilometers. It borders on Nebraska in the south, Minnesota in the east, North Dakota in the north, Montana in the northwest, and Wyoming in the southwest. The capital of South Dakota is called Pierre, and its largest city is Sioux Falls. The population of the state is 844, 877 people (in 2013). In its relief, three key physiographic regions are distinguished - the Great Plains in the western part, the lowlands in the east, and the Black Hills mountain range covered with ancient forests. The Missouri River represents the natural boundary between the two first ones. In addition to it, White River, Cheyenne and James are considered to be major local waterways.
Over the territory of the state dominated by the continental climate type, which is characterized by hot summers and cold long winters. Spring and autumn here are very short and at the same time pronounced. In January, the temperature ranges from 16 to 2 degrees below zero. In July, the thermometer shows from 16 to 32 degrees of heat. In the west, South Dakota is highly arid, but the average annual rainfall increases as it approaches the eastern regions. It should be noted that the eastern part of the state is located on the so-called tornado alley - destructive eddies can pass through its territory up to thirty times a year.
At the heart of the local economy is agriculture. The most common crops grown here are wheat, beans, and maize. There are no large deposits of minerals in the region. Despite this, South Dakota boasts well-established mining of sand, coal, limestone and gravel. The leading direction of the industry was the processing of agricultural products, as well as the manufacture of ethyl alcohol. In addition, the staff produces cement, plastic products, metal structures, jewelry, as well as fire equipment.
The most significant attractions of the state are in the mountains. The most famous and popular is the national memorial - Rushmore Rock. In the thirties of the twentieth century, bas-reliefs of four American presidents were carved on one of its slopes. It should be noted that this is one of the most visited sites throughout the country. More than three million travelers from all over the world come here every year. Other interesting places are the Badlands and Wind Cave National Parks. If the first of them boasts unique landscapes, then the second one is a cave, the length of which exceeds 220 kilometers (this is the fifth figure in the world). In addition, South Dakota is famous for the annual gathering of bikers, which has been held in the local city of Sturgis for more than seventy years. Usually several hundred thousand motorcyclists take part in it.