Manor "Glinka", owned by Jacob Willimovich Bruce. Sights of the Moscow region

Anonim

One of the most visited places in the Moscow region is the estate "Glinka", it is one of the oldest architectural monuments of the XVIII century. In addition, this place is older than other estates of the Moscow region. These places belonged to noblemen by the name of Bryusy, who were descended from Jacob Vilimovich - an associate of Peter the Great, a military man and statesman, scholar and diplomat. All architectural splendor, which amazes the experienced traveler even in our days, was created around the thirties of the XVIII century, when the founder of the dynasty was forced to resign. He was an outstanding man, loved art, and also was fond of science. Peasants called him a magician.

Jacob Bruce

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Almost every contemporary knew this person. He was a native of the Scottish ancient family, but fate threw him into distant Russia, where, however, he made a very good career. He began his service at the court of Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov, being quite young. He continued to serve under the Dual Power, and then swore allegiance to the young and active Peter. By the way, it was he who rushed to the tsar to the rescue during the Streletsky rebellion, and this won him over the future emperor. Peter considered Bruce one of his closest associates, they together took part in many battles of the Russian army.

Jacob Bruce was famous at the court of his burden to scientific knowledge, he could rightly be called polymate, because he was interested in almost all scientific disciplines, in many of them he had achieved considerable success. For example, he was well versed in tactics and strategies, owned a cannon business, and during the course of his life received the honorary title of General-Feldzmeister (that is, the head of artillery). It was he who had the honor to head the Berg-and-manufactory collegium, and he also founded the well-known Navigat school. And, of course, he is known to many people by the fact that he created his own “Bryusov calendar”, which many people were guided by, arranging his way of life for him. And this is only a small fraction of what was done by Count Bruce for imperial Russia.

Jacob Bruce Manor

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It is a pity, but under the followers of Peter, the earl did not get a seat at court, although no one insisted on his resignation. Nevertheless, Jacob Bruce is suspended from politics, submits his resignation and moves to the estate he deserves near Moscow, which he acquired while still young. This estate bore the pleasant name of the estate "Glinka". It was not a pity for Bruce to leave the dank Petersburg, because the estate was located in the very center of natural beauty, and also not far from the ancient Russian capital.

The only thing that is strange is that according to the stories of the local population, as well as directly the inhabitants of the nearby village of Glinkovo, unusual things began to happen in these places. The house of the gentleman himself surprised the peasants with his outlandish appearance, he was built at that very time in a fashionable style - Italian Baroque. Stucco moldings, golden monograms, symmetry and grace seemed very strange against the background of the Russian birch forest and the rickety peasant houses.

Legends and secrets

And besides, in the opinion of the peasants, the count himself wondered too. For example, many of them were amazed at his habit at night to climb out onto the roof of his own house, choose the highest place and look at something in the sky for a long time with the help of a bulky pipe. Of course, it is now obvious that the graph was only fond of astronomy, but for the peasants this was not understandable.

And therefore, if a drought or thunderstorm suddenly began, the people believed that this wizard-count was doing something wrong. What kind of legends did not arise, associated with the name of Jacob Bruce, which only fictions did not add up to the locals. By the way, the same tales sounded a little later at court, because, as you know, the earth is full of rumors. The eyewitnesses shared their impressions that Bruce saddled the iron dragon and hovered on him under the clouds, then, according to the clap of his palms, he began to play paradise music in the park, and she also subsided at his behest.

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And even when Bruce passed away, his fame was buzzing for a long time. According to some sources, the restless wizard count, even after death, wandered for a long time on his estate and frightened new owners or the local population. A strange thing, but those owners who inherited Bruce's Glinka estate, subsequently, either imbued with these legends, or actually seeing something strange, were ordered to destroy all the sculptural groups in the estate. But the manor park was once famous for its refined antique statues. At the same time, the sculptures were not sold or destroyed, they were disposed of very sophisticatedly. Some were walled up in the walls, some were plunged to the bottom of the pond. Isn't it strange? According to some legends, who walk in abundance in these places, it was very frightening for new owners that the statues at night had the tendency to come to life.

And again, as people say, but since then Bruce has begun to revenge heavily on the new owners of his land. He was at night in the image of an ethereal spirit, squeaks and groans were heard in the corridors, all in the tradition of English fairy tales about ghosts. It was necessary for the new owner and mistress to move to live in the farthest corner of the house.

To date, lovers of mysticism are still flocking to the building of the manor, some vacationers on the territory of the sanatorium, which is now located there, they say that the count can be seen now. But it is difficult to judge how true these stories are. Manor Jacob Bruce in Glinki and now keeps many secrets and secrets.

"Cabinet of curious things"

Jacob Bruce, the "warlock", was also a polyglot, it was not without reason that he was listed at the court and performed diplomatic functions there. He perfectly knew six foreign languages. And in Russian (Russian was not his native language), he spoke without any accent.

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At the end of the XVII century, Peter the Great, as is known, organized the Great Embassy for European countries. More than two hundred people took part in this trip, mostly young people who had to comprehend the sciences and crafts, especially maritime business. In addition, the king commanded to purchase equipment and engage in the hiring of various craftsmen and craftsmen. Earl Bruce young Peter personally calls, staying in Holland. He needed a count for the upcoming trip to England, because Bruce knew languages ​​well and was very knowledgeable about the rules of etiquette at the English court. But Bruce arrives very late, besides it looks extremely painful, his hand was covered in burns, and the phalanges of the fingers grew together after numerous fractures. The reason for this was a quarrel in the court with the head of a secret order. It was he who ordered to torture the talented scientist Bruce with a hot iron. Peter was so angry that according to descriptions of contemporaries, it was impossible to appease his anger. He wrote to Romodanovsky, in a letter he was openly angry at the head of the secret order. This proves how much he appreciated the work and personality of Yakov Vilimovich.

His brainchild was “an office of curious things, ” which was unparalleled throughout the country. It was a real museum of all sorts of rarities at home. After the count died, it was decided to move his “cabinet” to the most famous museum in Russia of that time, the Kunstkamera.

Architectural features of the estate

This estate can rightly be called the oldest in the whole suburbs. The estates of the Moscow Region are generally an interesting sight, but this place is truly special. The building of the house of Bruce is preserved in excellent condition, because the tourist will be very interesting to visit those places. Outside, the estate "Glinka" is very typical for its time, it is an exquisite and luxurious baroque (although there were unusual features for such a style). But the interior design will surprise even a seasoned traveler. The fact is that Jacob Bruce (the estate of “Glinka” and its content did not take him too much) always considered himself not so much a landowner as a man of science. Almost every room of a huge house was turned into a laboratory or an office for scientific work. It was there that he was engaged in research in the field of physics, chemistry, mathematics, natural science, astronomy, and so on. All his money, and the earl’s salary was decent, he preferred to spend on equipment, books, research equipment and the like. This, perhaps, explains why at that time everyone considered the master to be abnormal, and some even attributed magical abilities to him. For the eyes, he received many nicknames, but the most inhuman was the Unsociable Nobleman.

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Of course, sorcerer! And who else could one summer day, when according to all signs there was a sweltering heat, to take and freeze all the ponds? And then still wear outlandish devices on your feet and ride on frozen water? And the view of the main building, perhaps, only reinforced the opinion of the peasants in this regard. Bruce was originally from Scotland, perhaps because the first floor of his house is very similar to the Scottish medieval castle, it is all decorated with hewn gray-colored stones. This gave the building a slightly ominous look, and some hewn cobblestones in the dark seemed like scary snouts of demonic creatures.

In general, the estate "Glinka" was created in the Baroque style, the richest and most luxurious, who came to Russia from hot Italy. Absolute symmetry, even in the appearance and location of outbuildings, is a magnificent park area with a pond in the center and antique statues that met people walking along cobbled paths. They resembled heroes from ancient Greek legends, Bruce was very fond of art in all its manifestations. But what happened to the statues, you already know.

True, the building itself was also very seriously injured. The fact is that in those places there was a strong fire in the XIX century, the structure could not be completely saved, only the storage room and laboratory of Bruce were preserved in their original form. Everything else you can see only in the form of reconstruction.

House of the Count

Manor "Glinka" refers to the palace and park view of architectural art. Walking along it, you can see two surviving stone complexes. One can be called ceremonial, and the other - economic. The main complex includes three outbuildings, as well as the main building - the house of the count. The economic territory is not so interesting, as it has undergone many reconstructions in its time.

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The house can hardly be called big. For the noble estate, it has very modest dimensions, at the base it has a rectangular shape. The house, though elegant in design, but for classical baroque is very restrained in decoration. There are only arched portals, pilasters, patterns on the platbands. In addition, you can see demon-like looks carved on the stones of the first floor. On the second floor there are open loggias, where the count loved to breathe air and at night to admire the starry sky. The roof is supported by rows of slender columns, and all this beauty is crowned by a small tower of wood, where the count made his astronomical discoveries.

"Bruce Laboratory"

From what has come down to us in the first-form, the so-called Bruce Laboratory obviously stands out, it is still accepted to dignify with its Petrovsky house. It is here that the tourist and you need to go first thing, as the spectacle is very entertaining. In fact, this is a small pavilion, which complements the estate space. Decorative, it is very reminiscent of what you might see in Peterhof. Arched niches around the perimeter of the external walls preserved the space for statues, snow-white pilasters and capitals.

They are not allowed inside now, and one should not strive to go there, perhaps, since everything valuable from this laboratory, as it was said earlier, was taken to Petersburg, to the Kunstkamera museum complex.

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Sanatorium "Monino"

To date, the entire territory, which occupies the estate "Glinka" in Monino, belongs to the sanatorium. There is a magnificent nature, rest and therapeutic procedures are perfectly organized in the institution. Therefore, you can visit the manor not only as a tourist, eager for new knowledge and impressions, but also a rest. The places here are truly wonderful.

The western wing of the complex is now placed under a museum dedicated to the life and work of Count Bruce J. V. It functions only one day a week, on Sunday, from ten o'clock in the morning.

Location

From the capital to go not so far, only fifty kilometers. It is very easy to find the estate: just turn onto Monino, passing along the Gorky Highway, then you will pass through Losino-Petrovsky, and then follow the signs, which are specially arranged by the administration of the sanatorium. You definitely will not get lost.

Coordinates

Address: Manor "Glinki", Moscow region, Schelkovsky district, Losino-Petrovsky.

It will take about an hour to get from Moscow, if you don’t stand in a traffic jam. To the village of Losino-Petrovsky walking route taxi. From there to get to the territory of the sanatorium is not difficult.

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