Bryansk is the administrative center of the Bryansk region, a city of regional significance. On January 1, 2016, he was on the 49th line of the rating of cities of Russia by the number of inhabitants. So the population of Bryansk is 405, 921 people.
Of course, if you come to the Bryansk region, visit its center - the city of Bryansk. Its population is few. Admittedly, in 1998 the number almost reached 460, 000 people, respectively, there is a tendency to decrease.
The largest increase in the population of the city of Bryansk reached in the period 1970-1989. During this time, it has grown by 130, 000 people, which is really impressive. But, to tell the truth, this is the only period with such successful results.
There are more women in the city than men. Particularly noticeable difference in the study of older people. The premature mortality of men is the main reason for this trend. Population aging is another important characteristic. The average life expectancy in Bryansk is 40 years. Just think about this figure! And this is not the worst. In Bryansk, now there are one and a half times more pensioners and old people than children and teenagers. The able-bodied population will barely make up half of all local residents.
Four large districts are what distinguishes Bryansk. Its population is also distributed in these areas. So, in the Soviet area lives about 111, 654 people. This is perhaps the most comfortable and comfortable part of the city for living. The industrial Bezhitsky district is considered the most densely populated; about 153, 000 people live here. Approximately the same number of people live in Volodarsky and Fokinsky districts - about 70, 000.
The population of the districts of Bryansk and the overall picture. Of course, it is necessary to take into account the inhabitants of the adjacent territories: the village Raditsa-Krylovka, Bolshoye Polpino, Belyye Berega. About 18, 000 inhabitants are concentrated here, but at the moment these settlements are included in various districts of the city.
Mortality and fertility rates
Recently, the city of Bryansk is not at all happy with the news. The population is literally dying out, and the percentage of mortality does not cease to grow. The main causes of death for people are diseases of the cardiovascular system, injuries at work, accidents, and cancer. If we talk about mortality among young people, then most often it is an accident.
As for the birth rate, it remains at a constant level, which leads to a decrease in the population in the city. The unstable economic situation in the city, the lack of decent earnings force families to confine themselves to one child, families with two or more children are quite few.
What level of unemployment and employment can Bryansk demonstrate? The population of the city complains about the lack of enterprises with a decent level of wages. Finding work in Bryansk is not so difficult, but to provide for your family is almost impossible task. That is why many local residents are not limited to one source of income, they work in their spare time. If we talk about the prices of goods and services, they differ little from the capital. The exception, perhaps, can be called the cost of transport and meat products.
The largest city-forming enterprise of Bryansk is a machine-building plant specializing in energy and transport engineering. The company provides 7, 000 jobs, and it is here after graduating from the Bryansk Technical Institute that young specialists are sent.
Arsenal is another large enterprise in the city specializing in the production of special equipment, primarily asphalt pavers. This is a modern enterprise, keeping up with the times. Production volumes increase every year, workers receive stable wages, not bad for the city and the region. The company cares about the safety and health of its employees, annually sends the best specialists to sanatorium-resort treatment. The children of the staff rest in the best health camps in the region.
Local authorities need to focus their efforts on increasing the birth rate in the region, combating mortality, and also provide city residents with jobs with decent wages. Otherwise, in the near future only old people will live here.