Chudakov Alexander Pavlovich: biography, creativity, and interesting facts.


Chudakov Alexander Pavlovich - one of the most interesting philologists, literary critics and writers of the Soviet Union, a successor of the academic traditions of philology.


Alexander Pavlovich devoted most of his literary career to the work of Anton Pavlovich Chekhov. His sudden death left many questions and unfinished works.

Family and study

The year was a stern 1938. Alexander Pavlovich was born in an intelligent family in the small town of Schuchinsk in northern Kazakhstan (at that time the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic). It was not just an intelligent family, but a family of teachers - one of the few for the whole town. Despite his posts, his relatives often spoke negatively about the actions of the Soviet government and about the leadership of Stalin. However, due to coincidence of favorable circumstances, parents were never convicted or repressed precisely because they were almost the only teachers in a small Kazakh town.

However, the most interesting time began in 1955, when Alexander Pavlovich Chudakov came to Moscow and from the first attempt entered the philological department of Moscow State University. From the very beginning, he entered the top five students of the course and stood out for his unique style of explanation and extraordinary thinking.

While studying at Moscow State University, in his first year, Alexander Pavlovich met a very interesting woman - Marietta Khan-Magomedova, whom she later married and lived all his life.


Creative way

Four years after graduating from the university and graduate school, Alexander Pavlovich Chudakov began working at the Institute of World Literature. In addition, he taught at Moscow State University, Literary Institute, RSUH. Later, he was invited to lecture at leading universities in Europe, the USA and Asia.

As a successor of the academic traditions of philology, Alexander Pavlovich paid great attention to the language and the word and tried to preserve the traditional, powerful Russian language, without replacing verbal concepts.

Alexander Chudakov, whose biography broke off very unexpectedly, published over 200 articles, monographs and studies on Russian literature. In particular, he devoted most of his work to A. P. Chekhov. His famous work of 1971, Chekhov's Poetics, made a stir in the world of philology and won the hearts of both critics and researchers.


In addition, the literary scholar studied Pushkin’s semantic poetics and devoted an entire study on the subject of the “beaver collar” to Eugene Onegin.

Conversations with great

"The interlocutor of the great" - as many called Alexander Pavlovich. This is because the philologist was known for his incredible records and soul-catching conversations with great literary critics of the 20th century. Sergei Bondi, Lydia Ginzburg, Viktor Shklovsky, Yuri Tynyanov - this is an incomplete list of the interlocutors of the literary critic. Throughout his life, he carried a notebook with him in which he wrote down all opinions, stories, aphorisms and quotes of famous philosophers.

Working in Seoul, Alexander P. Chudakov published the work “I listen. I study. I ask. Three talk. This rather rare book has a circulation of only 10 copies. It reflects conversations and literary opinions from the 20s to the 70s of the 20th century.

"The haze lays down on the old steps"

This is his most famous novel - memories of his childhood and the life of his family in Kazakhstan. It was there that the author conveyed that indescribable Chekhov atmosphere, which was preserved in his family.


This book is not only memories of relatives and childhood, these are memories of an era, people with a core, high spirituality. They were able to overcome everything and survive in another, unfamiliar world of the exiled small town. Once intellectuals now had to build their own houses, put a stove and grow crops to feed themselves.

Chudakov Alexander Pavlovich, whose biography is completely given to Russian literature, wrote an idyll novel. It was published in Znamya magazine in 2000, nominated for the Booker Prize, and after the writer's death received the Russian Booker of the Decade award in 2011. Two years later, Vremya publishing house publishes a book in a separate circulation of 5, 000 copies. In this case, the novel bought up in the first few days.

Alexander Pavlovich's grandfather

The main place in the book is occupied by the grandfather, whose prototype was the grandfather of Alexander Pavlovich himself. At one time he was a priest and a professor at the same time. Life made him leave everything and go with his family to a small town on the border of Siberia and Kazakhstan. It combined the image of a powerful Russian peasant and a deep intellectual at the same time.

It was he who had an incredible influence on Chudakov personally and creatively. His friends recalled how a writer, working at a country house in the village physically, followed by writing his articles. It was thanks to his grandfather that the famous writer decided to write a historical "encyclopedia of Russian life."

Personal qualities

According to the estimates of friends and colleagues, Alexander Pavlovich Chudakov was a powerful man both in life and in the works. At the age of 60 he could go to give a lecture, and before that he could swim in the lake and work out in sports.


Being a powerful man, he could be a good athlete. Leonid Meshkov, a famous Soviet swimmer and trainer, suggested that Chudakov should be engaged in swimming professionally, but the literary critic remained true to the world of pen and speech.

This is such an extraordinary biography of a wonderful man named Alexander Chudakov …


Books Chudakov - is a whole "phenomenon of Russian life." That is how the work of a literary critic was described by friends and colleagues. Vivacity, optimism and incredible energy combined with a subtle mind and academic thinking. Being a liberal and a man of high humanism, Chudakov reflected all his feelings in his works. The content of most of his articles and works can tell a lot directly about the biography of the critic. He was truly a living person, with humor, able to find the beautiful in any, even not quite aesthetic fact.

Death and creative legacy

On October 3, 2005, Chudakov Alexander Pavlovich perishes under ridiculous and strange circumstances. The cause of death is severe traumatic brain injury. He was 69 years old, and he did not live only a few months to seventy. The accident occurred at the entrance of the house where the writer lived. A light bulb burned out on the landing. Eccentrics, climbing the stairs, slipped and fell. Because of a serious fall, the head suffered, which was the cause of death.


Many contemporaries, colleagues and close people say that it was precisely the untimely death, since the writer had many creative plans and plans that he did not manage to accomplish. One of such works is a collection of conversations and conversations with the great philologists, philosophers and thinkers of the 20th century listed above. Chudakov is still considered one of the best experts on the work of A. P. Chekhov.

Interesting Facts

Throughout his life, Alexander Pavlovich got into funny situations. In the mid-eighties, while in Amsterdam with his friends, Chudakov visited the student literary club. There one of the Dutch students, having learned that before him - the famous literary critic, Chekhov's expert, came to a wild surprise and delight. Suddenly, he offered Cudakov a hemp cigarette. As acknowledged by Alexander Pavlovich himself, it was then that he realized that he is famous and loved by many, and both venerable critics and ordinary students.

And what do the reviews say about the work of such a writer and philologist like Alexander Chudakov? Quotes from his works, judging by the posts on the forums of relevant subjects, like many. However, this is not surprising. They are literally permeated with philosophical meaning and humor. People who knew Alexander Pavlovich personally emphasized that he knew many stories and could entertain anyone with a successful joke or story from the lives of legendary writers. Finally, here are a few quotes from the beloved by many of the novel "Lies darkness on the old steps." Perhaps, having read these phrases filled with deep meaning, you will want to get acquainted with the work of a wonderful author more closely and look through the pages of other, no less interesting works of his. So:

  • "We need protection of the psyche of modern man from the rapidly growing aggression of things, colors, from too rapidly changing world."
  • “Honest poverty is always poverty to a certain extent. Here was poverty. Terrible - from infancy. Beggars are not moral. "
  • “My grandfather had two punishments: I wouldn’t caress your head and I wouldn’t kiss you for the night. The second was the hardest; when his grandfather applied it somehow, Anton sobbed until midnight. ”
  • “… it seems Khrushchev asked the President of Finland how they are with mortality. He replied: "While one hundred percent". "
  • “Other grandmothers were saying that they were stuck in the head, apparently due to some of their surprises. - Like any prince, he knew the turning case. - Like all real aristocrats, he loved simple food: soup, buckwheat porridge … ”.
  • “Grandfather's political economy was simple: the state robs, appropriates everything. It was unclear to him only one thing: where does it go. ”

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