Russian writer Vasily Belov: biography, features of creativity and interesting facts

Anonim

Today, the literary works of the Russian writer Vasily Belov are quite widely known. They attract with their simplicity, naturalism and tranquility. The school curriculum includes the study of several books that Vasily Ivanovich Belov wrote. Biography for children includes basic facts from the life of the writer and events that were crucial for the formation of his personality.

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early years

The future writer was born in 1932 in a village called Timonyha (Vologda Region). His parents were peasants, in 1943, the family lost his father due to military events.

Being still quite a boy, Vasily is forced to start work on the collective farm. He was the eldest of five children and became a good helper to his mother. Later, recalling the times of his childhood and youth, he said that they were filled with a feeling of constant hunger and an all-consuming love of reading.

Study and first job

Vasily Belov, whose biography includes seven-year education in a rural school and its graduation in 1949, chose not to remain in his native village. Wanting to get a useful profession, he went to the city of Falcon. There was a factory school in which they taught various working professions, many of which were extremely in demand in the post-war period.

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Belov Vasily Ivanovich remained here. His biography contains facts about obtaining the specialty carpenter and carpenter. Then the future writer changed several classes, including a carpenter, a mechanic and an electrician. After serving the allotted time in the army, Vasily got a job at a factory in the city, which was then called Molotov, and now - Perm.

Journalistic activities

In the mid-1950s, a young man came back to his homeland and was received by a correspondent in the regional newspaper Kommunar. At the same time begins his literary activity. There have already been successful attempts to publish short works that Belov Vasily Ivanovich wrote. A brief biography for children includes a reference to the publication in several newspapers of the regional significance of poems, essays and articles of the writer. Vasily Alexander Yashin's countryman advised him to send poems to the Literary Institute, which he did. To his surprise, Belov passed a creative competition.

Creative rise and recognition of the writer

Two years later, the writer was elected to the post of first secretary of the Gryazovetsky district Komsomol committee. However, his political career did not deceive him, and Belov Vasily Ivanovich, whose biography was replenished with another place of work, went to the capital. From the Literary Institute he received a call to study, and Vasily was extremely pleased. Five years the writer devoted to receiving literary education, during this period he released a collection of poems "My Village Forest", and also wrote and published the story: "The Village of the Poor Man."

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In 1964, when the institute was finished, Belov Vasily Ivanovich settled in his native Vologda. The writer's biography includes the entry into the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1963.

Further literary activity

The 60s were marked for the writer by the release of several works: "Spring", "On Rosstanny Hill" and "Behind the Three Walkways", as well as the story that brought him popularity - "The usual thing." In the course of the next decade, several tales from the pen of Vasily Belov made up the cycle. Vasily Ivanovich Belov, a Russian writer, called him "Education by Doctor Spock." The main idea of ​​the story was the uncompromising opposition of urban and rural lifestyles. The writer took a position from which he criticized the customs and customs of city life, calling it unnatural.

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The theme of peasant life and country life continues in books that are published in the 80s. In the collection “Lad. Essays on folk aesthetics ”each of the short essays tells about the life of ordinary people in the villages. The biography and personality of Vasily Ivanovich Belov are closely connected with the people, because the writer praised the peasants' perception of changes in different seasons, their daily activities and customs, as well as the harmony of rural life in general.

The historical value of the works Belova

The writer gained considerable fame as an author of ethnographic essays, many of which became the basis for writing his popular works (“Lad”).

It was conceived as a collection of short stories about the life and aesthetics of the peasants of the North. The main theme of the narrative here are the traditional culture, folklore, life and artistic crafts of villages in Russia, which are located in the northern regions.

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Throughout his life, the writer has been collecting oral stories, former stories, songs, proverbs, objects of material culture. He spent long days in the archives, studying the ethnographic materials in them. Belov received a lot of information from his mother.

Thus, the essays written by him should be perceived, first of all, as author's researches, and only then - as works of art. Modern ethnography, which studies the Russian North, has gained a lot thanks to such a valuable source as the writer's works.

Literature for children

Even a brief biography of Vasily Ivanovich Belov cannot bypass his works written for children. They became widely known and repeatedly published. In addition to the traditional stories written in prose, the writer created several plays that were well received by the public and went to many theaters throughout the country.

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The theme of these works by Vasily Belov is a call for the preservation of forgotten folk traditions. In addition, they often sound regretful of the losses that the modern writer society suffers from, moving away from its cultural roots.

Vasily Belov attached great importance to the way industrialists are doing with natural resources. He connected their negligence in relation to nature with the destruction of the way of life in general and morality as well.

The work of the writer in the 90s

For three years, from 1989 to 1992, Vasily Belov held a deputy position. In these difficult times for the post-Soviet countries, he can finally, fully and honestly, write about his attitude to collectivization in the 1930s. During this period, the writer's trilogy is published, which has become a kind of chronicle of 1932. In these books, Belov consistently and fiercely condemns the current policy.

The 90s brought the writer the award of several literary awards and the continuation of journalistic activities, but there were far fewer publications. In 1997, Belov became an honorary citizen of Vologda. The title was awarded to the writer as a recognition of the great personal contribution he made to the development of national literature, as well as for the distinctiveness of the Russian northern traditions reflected in his works.

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Over the years, Belov’s views have remained unchanged: fervently cheering for the preservation of the literary Russian language and the natural resources of Russia, he is a supporter of the traditional Russian way of life. In the last years of his life, Vasily Belov took a rather radical position.

The life of the writer ended in 2012 as a result of a long illness. The writer is often referred to as the great artist of village prose. In literary circles, it is believed that the genre of “village prose” was developed precisely because of the activity that Belov Vasily Ivanovich conducted. A brief biography and the most significant of his works became part of the school curriculum as a means of nurturing children of kindness, love of people and the environment.

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