- What are we talking about?
- What is public administration?
- How is the process going
- About politics
- The main goal of public policy
Almost every person depends on who and how governs the country in which he lives. We are accustomed to blaming leaders for all troubles. But do we understand how complicated is the art of governing the state? This is not a garden to dig or even a plant to manage. Here it is necessary to take into account many factors and forces. Let's take a closer look.
What are we talking about?
There is a famous work of the same name written by Margaret Thatcher. In it, she examines in detail what the art of government is. This is a voluminous job. In a small article it is impossible to fully convey its meaning and content. However, the primary concepts are not so complicated. The common man needs to understand how the state works. It is also multi-faceted. Only leaders are incorrectly ranked as this “car.” The state is an extensive system of various bodies. Managing them does not mean "issuing and controlling orders." Sometimes such methods even with a small team can not cope. What to say about the whole country. “The art of governing a state is politics, ” said the former prime minister of Great Britain. She passed on her thoughts to future generations.
What is public administration?
With art, most likely, everyone understands. And what does “management” mean? To decide, let's understand what the state consists of, what does the leadership influence? In addition to various organs and services, there are also social groups and strata. The people - this is the main part of the state. It is even written in the Constitution. Public administration is the process of regulating relations in this highly complex system. This means making decisions that take into account, to varying degrees, the interests and needs of all the “component parts”. In addition, it is important to be able to anticipate the consequences of the implementation of programs, to predict the reaction to them.
But this is not enough. The art of government is the ability to match the wishes and possibilities. Any country has a specific resource. On the other hand, everyone wants to live happily and richly. The task of the state is to create conditions for development. This is possible only when all resources are used deliberately, for good.
How is the process going
The state management system can not be linear, unambiguous. In a democratic society, this is not allowed, since uncontrolled power easily turns into tyranny. In order to prevent such a turn, invented a system of balances. That is, government bodies do not simply interact, striving for one goal. They also control each other. This is all defined in current legislation. Each branch of government has its own functions. They also create a system of bodies involved in control. But the state policy is that all this "edifice" to direct towards the development of the country and society. At the same time, it is necessary to understand how its individual parts work, how they interact, and what potential they have.
Any activity is dynamic. This also applies to the state. It does not stand still, constantly changing. The process should be strictly, even scrupulously, monitored and guided.
It is said that it is the "art of the permissible." The process is quite complicated and responsible. Politicians make decisions that affect all sectors of society. An error can lead to tragedy. What results will result in the activities of society in twenty or fifty years, the policy responds. The art of state management ultimately boils down to the ability to foresee (calculate) the consequences of certain laws, decisions, projects. Do not think that such abilities from birth to rulers are given. Not at all. This is learning. There are sciences (not one) that study the development of a state, its economy, politics, influence on society, and so on. Any leader relies on historical trends and experience, both global and his country.
The main goal of public policy
When they begin to talk about this art, they often lose sight of the main thing. This, in principle, is understandable. In fact, government is a very complicated thing. Only life from time to time reminds what the main goal of any country's policy is.
It can be summarized briefly: "Survive and prosper." This is especially evident in times of crisis. And they are in the world more often. The twenty first century is a time when the lives of nations and states depend on the art of their leaders. All countries face threats of a financial, climatic nature. All are influenced by terrorist threats. The art of politics is to use all these factors for the good of one’s country. After all, the world is heterogeneous. It has many states, ideas, opportunities. If we introduce not the best, but the best, in our own country, then it will develop. If you do not influence the situation, “go with the flow, ” it will not survive. It is in the ability to gather facts, analyze, apply them for the benefit and consists of the art of government.