What is an economic relationship?

Anonim

Economic relations are certain relations in which people are forced to enter in the process of social reproduction, regardless of their consciousness and will. This process can be divided into four components - production, distribution, exchange and consumption. Any system of economic relations can not be considered in isolation from reproduction, which is typical for each state in a narrowed, expanded or simple version. In the first case, the volumes of manufactured products are steadily decreasing, in the second - they increase annually, in the third - they remain unchanged.

In the process of activity, citizens of the country and legal entities are forced to enter into production, property and socio-economic relations. Each of these categories has its own characteristics, however, society as a whole, rather than separate individuals and enterprises, is involved in these systems.

Production : Economic relations cannot be imagined without production, since it is this component that leads to the formation of surplus value. Employees working at the enterprise during the course of business are forced to interact with each other, since their work is collective. Therefore, production is considered the basis of the economy and the existence of society, and this indicator usually includes not only the process of production, but also its subsequent distribution and consumption. After the product has been manufactured, its share is determined, which is due to each of the participants in the economic activity.

Moreover, the distribution of resources and the division of labor is carried out on various types of economic activity. The exchange of goods becomes another stage of the movement of goods, and instead of products, people participating in its production receive money equivalent to the value of the goods produced. The final stage of the movement of the created product is its consumption, without which it is impossible to imagine the satisfaction of human needs. As a result, the goods disappear, and they need to be produced anew.

Property Relations : In any country, economic relations are based on forms of ownership characteristic of a particular state. This indicator reflects the level of productive forces, since enterprises differ in the number of people working for them. In Western countries, which are characterized by a mixed economy, there is a variety of forms of ownership. And a large factory, a farm belonging to a certain citizen, as well as a pharmacy, shop, shop or cafe can belong to private property. Therefore, social and economic relations are formed between individual members of society, groups, groups and classes. And the decisive role in them is assigned to the owner of the means of production, without which the economic activity of the workers is simply impossible.

Organizational issues : Economic relations also encompass organizational issues arising from the fact that social production, the subsequent distribution of manufactured products and their exchange without a certain delimitation of the duties of each worker cannot be fulfilled. A joint activity of workers is based on cooperation, specialization and division of labor, which is typical for any developed country. Since at large enterprises the production process becomes rather complicated, each of his employees is engaged in performing certain specific actions, and joint work leads to a single goal - the implementation of the reproduction process.

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