- History of the park
- Park location
- Description of the park
- Legend of the park
- Why the picturesque canyon was unknown for so long
- "Declassified" beauty
- Bryce Canyon Development
- Bryce Canyon Attractions
- Flora and fauna of the canyon
- Cultural events
Bryce Canyon National Park (Utah) - Natural Geological Museum. It is located in America, in the state of Utah. In addition to Bryce Canyon, there are two more national parks there. Bryce Canyon is distinguished from them by fantastic remains of ancient rocks, painted in different colors.
History of the park
Bryce Canyon National Park has been known since the 18th century. But rare travelers did not always report its beauty. They were more attracted by the furs that were mined in these parts. In the late 1840s, Mormons began to settle in the park. But the area was not suitable for agriculture. Because of the early frosts, growing plants was difficult.
In the 1870s, Ebenezer Bryce arrived in this area with his family. His wife had poor health, and he hoped that a change in climate would benefit her. Bruce with other settlers built an irrigation canal to provide water for livestock. Ebenezer did a lot for the park, for example, paved the way to the gorge. This allowed to make logging. After some time, he and his family moved to Arizona, but the area was already used to calling him by name - Bryce Canyon Park.
Bryce Park is located in the USA, southwest Utah. This canyon looks more like a huge natural amphitheater located along the eastern part of the Pautsaugant plateau. Bryce Park is higher than the neighboring national parks. Therefore, there are fewer tourists in it. The canyon is located at an altitude of 2400-2700 meters above the sea. And its southern edge is located at an altitude of 2100 m.
Description of the park
The main attraction of Bryce Canyon is unusual geological columns. They are called Hoodoo. The nature itself built these unusual rock formations. They appeared due to the effects of erosion. And now this huge park consists of an array of different colors and fantastic forms.
Shades of rock formations - red, purple, white, yellow. This color is created because of the many oxidized trace elements that form more than 60 shades of the listed colors.
The topographer Bailey described the forms of rock formations as cutting a perpendicular surface hundreds of pounds in depth. And there is a feeling that there is no bottom. But there are many freakish cliffs of various shapes and configurations, as if hanging on the walls. There are secluded depressions, picturesque ruins and deep caves. Many rocks look like teeth and spiers.
Bryce Canyon is a “cold” park because of its geographical location. In winter the temperature is below zero. There is always a lot of snow in the park. But the route is constantly cleared. Along the roads from north to south, the main viewing platforms were built. Some sculptural formations have their own individual names. For example, the locks of the "Queen" and "Gulliver", etc.
Legend of the park
For hundreds of years before the arrival of the first Europeans, the Peyut Indians lived in the park. They have their own legend about the emergence of a fantastic career. The Indians claim that Hoodoo is the ancient people who have turned to stone as a punishment for misdemeanors before the gods.
Why the picturesque canyon was unknown for so long
Bryce Canyon was unknown for a long time, as there were no roads to it. And there are no big cities nearby either. Only one old dirt road led to the canyon, but it was difficult to drive along it at any time of the year. The park was protected by huge drifts, making it inaccessible for travelers for several months.
In 1915, in the state of Utah, Humphrey was appointed head of the Sevier National Reserve. A part of the Bryce Canyon also belonged to it. Seeing a stunning view of the park, Humphrey began to promote the development of tourism in the area.
But he had a modest budget. Therefore, at first, only a dirt road was laid to the plateau and advertising photos were taken. In 1916, an article appeared that opened up fantastic terrain to the world. The following year, trails were laid for inspection hood. Humphrey personally showed wonderful rocks to the guests. As a result, the Bryce Canyon began to gain more and more fame. It was subsequently designated as National Park.
Bryce Canyon Development
More active development of the park began in the 1920s. The Forest Service and the Park Service, the Union Pacific Railway Company and the Government of Utah helped in this. They all had their reasons, but the common goal coincided. Began active road construction and development of auto-tourism. The infrastructure has been improved.
The railway company has invested $ 5 million and created a “Grand District Tour”, allowing tourists to travel through the park by bus. Thanks to common efforts, the number of routes along the canyon grew. Now almost two million tourists visit the park annually.
Bryce Canyon Attractions
The main feature of Bryce Canyon Park is unique geological natural figures of different shades. The park looks like a huge horseshoe amphitheater. The plateau itself was formed almost 10 million years ago. Pressure has raised stony layers, caused cracks and rifts.
As a result, a high plateau formed in Utah. Erosion broke up the rock, and limestone, thanks to ice and water, assumed bizarre forms. Now this is a huge maze landscape.
They represent thin tall spiers protruding from the arid hollow. Hoodoo is most concentrated in Bryce Canyon. Their size is from human height to a 10-story building. The erosive network of layers on which they depend is called Claron Formation, consisting of several species of rock.
Bryce Canyon has 8 well maintained routes in its territory. Some of them intersect, allowing you to make more difficult trips around the park. The total length of hiking trails is 80 km. There are several ski slopes. The main occupation of tourists - landscape shooting. Photos are impressive. The color of the rocks is changing with the help of sunlight. Landscapes are more saturated and contrasting.
Flora and fauna of the canyon
Along the edges of the canyon are spruce-fir forests, Oregon pine and there are alpine meadows. The park has 400 species of different plants and 160 species of birds. The canyon abounds in wildlife: snow leopards, moose, antelopes, foxes, etc. Mountain Lion - the largest among the cats in the North. America It has other names - North American lynx or red cat. This is the most dangerous predator in the park.
Small cute woodchucks live in the canyon - shaggy, fat, with long claws. But warning signs “Do not iron and do not approach!” Hang everywhere in the park. On these animals was found the bacterium that causes bubonic plague. Therefore, tourists are asked to stay away from these animals.
From the plateau a panorama of three states of the USA opens. Bryce Canyon - one of the best parks, which has the highest quality air. Viewpoints offer views of the Keybab Plateau, the eastern part of the states of Arizona, New Mexico and the Navajo Mountains.
There are no large sources of light in the park, so for astronomers it is an ideal place to observe the stars. Due to the magnitude of the night sky, many stars can be seen even with the naked eye. The park hosts astronomical programs and many others to protect night animals and the sky.
An annual astronomical festival is held in Bryce Park in June. In honor of this event, Asteroid No. 49282 is named after Bryce's Career. Most often, visitors inspect the park in cars. On the territory there are 13 observation platforms located above the amphitheater. And also there are several restaurants. Prices are small.
Bryce Canyon is open around the clock, from 8 am. But in winter there may be some delays due to snowfall. The park closes only on three holidays: New Year, Thanksgiving and Christmas.