Abay city of Karaganda region of Kazakhstan: photos, description, interesting facts

Anonim

Until 1961, this settlement of Kazakhstan, which was a settlement at that time, was called Churubai-Nur (in Kazakh - Sherubay-Nұra). And it appeared in 1949 as a working village in connection with the beginning of the development of the western part of the Karaganda coal basin. From the beginning of the XXI century (since 2002) it became the center of the Abay district of the region and was renamed Abay.

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After reviewing the information in the article, you can find out more detailed information about the city of Abai of the Karaganda region (the photo is presented in the article).

General information about the area

Geographically, the territory is located in the central part of the Kazakh Hills. By area, the district occupies 6.5 thousand square meters. kilometers The terrain is low-slope. Reserves of the following minerals are explored in the region: limestone, barite, coal and other building rocks. The area is within the steppe zone. The largest settlements are the villages of Karabas, Topar and Yuzhny. Distance to the regional center is 30 kilometers. The district center is the city of Abay.

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City location and general information

The city of Abai of the Karaganda oblast of Kazakhstan is 8 kilometers from Carabas (railway station) and 30 kilometers from the city of Karaganda in the south-west direction. The road route Karaganda - Zhezkazgan - Kyzylorda, as well as well-planned roads leading to the cities of Shakhtinsk and Saran, were laid through Abay.

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The city was named in honor of Abai Kunanbayev - a Kazakh poet, writer, composer, public figure, founder of written Kazakh literature, a culture reformer in the spirit of bringing European and Russian culture together based on liberal Islam. It should be noted that his real name is Ibrahim, and Abai (“cautious, ” “attentive”) is a nickname given to his mother.

Climate and nature

The climate of the area is continental: a little snowy and cold winter with an average temperature of 15-16 ° C (in January), as well as a hot and arid summer with an average temperature of July 20 ° C. The total annual precipitation is about 350 mm.

The fauna of the suburbs of the city of Abai in the Karaganda region is represented by wolves, foxes, corsaks, marmots, hamsters and muskrats. There are crucians, tench, paws, rockshakes, tie, perches, pikes and other fish in the reservoirs. Among the birds you can find the gray partridge, as well as more rare species: the curly pelican, argali, whooper swan, strepta.

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The following rivers flow through the territory of this region: Sherubay-Nur (tributaries Sokyr, Esen) and Nur. Lakes: Inymak, Sasykkol, Sarybulak, Sopaxor, Sherubainur, Shubarkol and others. The steppes dominate here, where wormwood, fescue and feather grass grow. Between the hills and in the river valleys a pink grass grows, and in the most elevated areas there is a meadow grass field, a karagan, etc.

Population

Abai of the Karaganda region and the entire region is inhabited by various nationalities. The total population is 54, 725 people (as of 2010).

National composition:

  • Russians - more than 25 thousand people (more than 45% of the total population);
  • Kazakhs - more than 16 thousand people (almost 30%);
  • Ukrainians - more than 4 thousand people (more than 7%);
  • Tatars - almost 3 thousand people (5%);
  • Germans - 1.8 thousand people (3.48%);
  • Belarusians - just over 1 thousand people (2.5%);
  • Chechens - about 500 people. (0.9%);
  • Azerbaijanis - about 680 people. (0.6%).

The rest of the population of the district and the city of Abai of the Karaganda region are Koreans, Chuvash, Lithuanians, Moldovans, Mordovians, Uzbeks and other nationalities.

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Population of the city by year (according to statistical records and censuses):

  • 1959 - about 18 thousand people;
  • 1979 - a little more than 39 thousand;
  • 1989 - 46.5 thousand;
  • 1999 - about 33 thousand;
  • 2005 - almost 30 thousand people;
  • 2010 - more than 25 thousand people;
  • 2015 - 28.2 thousand people.

Economy and Industry

Before the restructuring, 4 coal mines operated in the city and limestone was mined. At present, there are house-building and woodworking factories, a garment factory, a city industrial complex, a bread factory, a mechanical repair plant, and a concrete product plant. In the work of mine-building management number 3 and 8 of the trust "Karagandauglestroy."

The following types of products are manufactured in the city of Abay, Karaganda Oblast: reinforced concrete, sewing and bakery products, coal and coal concentrate, agricultural machinery, hydraulic lifts for cars GUAR-15N. In the nearby village of Topar is a large Karaganda TPP-2. Among educational institutions there are technical schools: Energy and Mining.

Problems

Due to the difficult socio-economic situation at the beginning of the XXI century, some mines and many city-forming industrial enterprises were closed, which served as the basis for the economic stability of the city. All this led to a reduction in the population (the dynamics are given above).

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In connection with the problems that have arisen, the authorities took measures (2008-2009) for the improvement of recreation areas for the population of the city of Abay, Karandinsky Region (see photo in the article), yard territories, etc., in order to improve the lives of people.

Some interesting facts

The Churubai-Nura settlement and the very first mine were built by Karlag prisoners, who were brought here daily from the Dolinka and Karabas camps. By 1950, single-storey houses in the form of barracks in Churubai-Nur were built for civilians.

The district was formed in March 1973. Initially it was called Michurinsky. Its administrative center was the village of Topar. The district was renamed Abai in 1997, and the city of Abay (formerly Churubai Nura) became its administrative center.

Abay district - the epicenter of the earthquake (5.8 points), which occurred in June 2014. Despite the fact that this area is relatively calm in seismic terms, the strength of the impulses at that time reached 4 points on the surface.

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