In order to answer the question of why the flags of almost all existing world states fly in front of the UN building, it is important to understand what this organization is.
History of the UN
Even before the end of the Second World War, the leaders of the countries united in the anti-Hitler coalition set the task to create an interstate organization whose goal would be to ensure peace and resolve international conflicts. The main founders of the UN are 50 countries that at that time took part in the war against Germany, Japan and their allies.
The principles that guide the organization are also the basis of world law - this is the sovereignty and equality of all member countries recognized by the world community, and the prohibition to resort to force or to threats in order to resolve any international disputes. The rules of international cooperation explain why flags from all over the world fly in front of the UN building.
What are the functions?
The UN is a structure that essentially replaced the League of Nations, which did not cope with its tasks and was abolished in 1946. Although it was created by the states that won the Second World War, all states, including Germany and Japan, as well as the newly formed territories, which arose as a result of decolonization, were able to join the union.
The UN obliges its members to resolve all sorts of disputes, both interstate and internal, at the diplomatic level, through negotiation. In addition to the recommendations and resolutions issued by the General Assembly, in the event of a serious threat to peace, the association can take measures to prevent and resolve conflicts.
In order to avoid manipulation by certain blocks of states, an Security Council has been created in the organization, in which a vote is taken on certain decisions. The composition of the UN Security Council includes five permanent representatives - this is Russia, to which this right passed as to the successor of the USSR, China, the USA, France and the United Kingdom. Also, once every two years, the General Assembly elects six non-permanent members to the Security Council, which allows other countries of the association to also participate in the adoption of particularly important decisions.
In addition to ensuring world peace
The organization’s competence includes not only securing world peace, but unification also deals with other issues related to international cooperation in the social, humanitarian and economic fields. A number of intergovernmental institutions have the status of specialized organizations that are guided by the basic principles of the UN.
UNESCO, WHO, IMF, WTO, WTO, WIPO, IAEA - this is not a complete list of organizations within the UN common system, but even from this list it is clear how closely international cooperation is developed within the organization - which is why flags fly outside the UN building all participating States.
Today, there are 194 independent states in the world, of which 193 are permanent members of the association. In addition, the organization has an independent state, the Holy See (Vatican) and Palestine, which are de jure independent, but only partially recognized, which prevents it from becoming a full member of the association.
The tallest building of the United Nations is the 39-story high-rise, and the organization itself is undoubtedly the largest interstate institution. This is an independent structure, headquartered in New York, but at the same time its territory does not belong to the United States and has international status. Why do flags of all countries of the world fly in front of the UN building? Because the UN is our universal effort to achieve peace and prosperity.