Sights of Tajikistan. Unique natural, architectural and historical monuments

Anonim

The lands of Tajikistan are rich in their amazing historical architectural monuments and unique, amazingly beautiful natural landscapes.

The territory of the country belongs to one of the oldest parts of the world, inhabited by tribes in the first millennium BC. e. Here arose the ancient states - Sogdiana and Bactria.

Tajikistan is beautiful and rich. Sights attract him with its ancient history and the uniqueness of many tourists from around the world.

Geographical location

Tajikistan, located in the foothills of the Pamirs, is a state of Central Asia. Its territory has an area of ​​142 thousand square meters. km Tajikistan has no access to the sea and borders on land with Afghanistan, China and the former Soviet republics of Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan.

Almost the entire territory of the country is occupied by the foothills and mountains of the Pamirs and Tien Shan. And about half of the territory is located at an altitude of more than 3000 meters above sea level.

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The sights of Tajikistan due to its ancient origin and geographical location are diverse. There is something to see.

Nature of Tajikistan

On the vast territories of the country there is a huge variety of surprisingly clean mountain lakes, rivers and mountains.

Considering the sights of Tajikistan, it is impossible not to mention the fabulous lake Iskanderkul, which bears the name of the great Alexander of Macedon. From it flows no less attractive turbulent Iskanderdarya river, forming a magnificent and delightful waterfall, casting its turbulent waters from a 38-meter height.

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Very romantic look, especially in summer, the highest car passes located on the legendary Pamir highway in the Gorno-Badakhshan region. The most sublime is Akbaytal, rising to a height of 4, 655 meters. He is one of the highest in the world.

A village called Murghab is located at an altitude of 3612 meters. All these and many other unique natural landscapes are also sights of Tajikistan.

Capital of Dushanbe

Dushanbe is the heart of Tajikistan, which is the personification of the oldest living history. Everything here keeps amazing secrets of various civilizations of former times.

Museums, preserved fortresses and many other architectural and historical monuments abound not only in this beautiful city, but throughout the country.

The sights of Tajikistan are unique and diverse. What you can see more, once in this state?

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The most interesting places in Dushanbe in terms of historical monuments and museums are the monuments of Abu Ali Ibn Sine, Ismoil Somoni and Rudaki, the mausoleum of Sadriddin Aini, as well as the ethnographic museum. Very nice to walk and relax in a cozy city park.

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Also, the 165-meter flagpole, which has been to the left of the Palace of Nations since 2011, is the decoration of the capital of Tajikistan. By law, he is listed in the Guinness Book of Records.

Sights of Tajikistan: description

The Gissar reserve (historical and cultural) is one of the most important historical and cultural centers of Tajikistan. Monuments of various epochs located on 90 hectares of territory are combined into this complex.

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The place of Ajina Tepe, on which a Buddhist monastery stood in the VII-VIII century, is also amazing. Archaeologists were lucky to find here more than half a thousand monuments of art, which are partially preserved from a single ensemble of religious and residential buildings.

And the most sensational find in Ajina Tepe is a 12-meter-high statue of Buddha (made of clay) in Nirvana, having a mass of 6 tons. She was found in 1966. Now the statue is kept in Dushanbe, being an exhibit of the National Museum of Antiquities.

Exotic sights of Tajikistan

1. The Ethnographic Museum in Istaravshan is unique and original in that it is built inside a real tree.

2. Unusually beautiful Fan Mountains attract rock climbers with their slopes.

3. In the valley of the river, which is also located in the Fan Mountains (it was formed from the melting of glaciers), canoe lovers can successfully do what they love.

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4. Wakhan corridor - a place connecting China and Afghanistan. The length of this narrow strip is about 210 kilometers. It is located on the territory of the Pamirs.

5. Young tourists, and not only, can attract Lake Karakul. Here you can see the amazing beauty of blue water against the background of mountain peaks under the cover of snow.

Interesting Tajikistan. Sights it is impossible to list and describe everything. But it is necessary to note the Panchshanbe market, the largest in Central Asia (in translation - “Thursday”), which on Thursdays is filled with thousands of sellers and buyers.

Today, Tajikistan has a rich collection of the most valuable architectural monuments, which have quite a large historical and cultural significance for the whole world.

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