- Ethnic composition of the city of Cairo
- Cairo population
- Mortality and fertility in Cairo
- Cairo residents age
- Cairo Schools and Universities
- Large metropolis
- The administrative capital of Egypt
- Tourism in Cairo
- Religious features
- Official holidays
- Traditions and customs
- Greetings in Egypt
Babylon in Egypt, Memphis, Al-Qatiyah and Heliopolis, which means the City of the Sun, - Egypt’s neighbors came up with many names in its capital. Marvelous Cairo was founded in 969 AD e. the first pharaoh of Egypt, Narmer. He united two kingdoms under his rule: the northern red kingdom and the southern white kingdom.
Ethnic composition of the city of Cairo
Modern Cairo is located about 25 km north of its historical predecessor. The city is famous not only for mosques and museums, Cairo is the largest city in Africa. The history of the population of the city of Cairo and its surroundings dates back many centuries.
How many people in Cairo, as represented by religious, ethnic composition? Originally on the territory of Cairo lived the Copts, who professed Christianity. The modern population of Cairo is represented mostly by immigrants from America, the United Kingdom and a number of Arab countries, as well as ethnic minorities:
- northern Sudanese;
Residents of rural settlements in Egypt are trying to have several children in the hope that they will help to cope with poverty. But having matured, people are in a hurry to leave their parental home and go to the city. The most frequent shelter for them is the capital. The population of Cairo in 2016 is twelve million inhabitants, taking into account the surrounding area, this figure reaches twenty and a half million people. The reasons for moving to capital cities are related to earning opportunities, improving the quality of life.
Mortality and fertility in Cairo
Important indicators in assessing the quality of life of the population is the birth rate in relation to the mortality rate. The Cairo government actively fights against malnutrition, bacterial infections and severe air pollution. Despite this, mortality remains quite high. The population of Cairo in 2016 is represented by the following demographic indicator. Thirty newborns, according to statistics, account for seven deaths. About two percent of the diseases that lead to a decrease in the urban population of Cairo are caused by a high degree of air pollution.
Cairo residents age
Egyptians rarely live to old age. More than seventy-five percent of the population of Egypt are young people under 25 years old, and only three percent are people over 65 years old. Cairo in this regard is significantly "older." The population of Cairo at sixty-four percent consists of residents over 15 years of age.
Cairo Schools and Universities
Cairo can be called the educational capital of not only Egypt itself, but the entire Arab world as a whole. Thanks to the policies of the Ministry of Education of Egypt, a large number of schools and universities openly and successfully operate in Cairo. One of the oldest centers of Muslim education, Al-Azhar University, was founded in 975 AD e.
School and higher education in Egypt is supervised by the World Bank and other international organizations, which allows to improve the quality of education. The Egyptian schools have a system of division of the young population of Cairo, which is familiar to European society:
- kindergartens for children aged four to six years;
- elementary school for pupils from six to twelve;
- secondary school for teens aged twelve to fourteen;
- high school for students between the ages of fifteen and seventeen.
Since 1985, Cairo has been a member of the Worldwide Association of Major Megalopolises. Big Cairo consists of three provinces of Egypt: Cairo, Giza and Qalyubia. The population of the agglomeration of Cairo in 2016 had 22.8 million inhabitants. It is expected that in 2017 the number of settlers will increase by another half a million people. Many tourists from other countries, having arrived in this country once, remain here forever. It is difficult to imagine that only about a century ago, in 1950, the population of Cairo barely "deactivated" up to 2.5 million inhabitants. Last year alone, an increase of 714 thousand people.
The administrative capital of Egypt
Taking into account the rapid growth rates of the inhabitants of Cairo, we can safely say what the population in Cairo will be by 2030. According to expert estimates, the number of city residents will reach 24.5 million people. However, there are problems that need to be addressed in the foreseeable future. The need to provide comfortable living conditions, jobs and residential buildings was the reason for the establishment of the administrative capital of Egypt.
The new city was announced in 2015, but the name is still kept secret. It is planned that in 2018 the city will begin to accept the first inhabitants. Construction of the first 18, 000 residential houses is nearing completion, and soon tourists will be able to visit the streets of the second capital of Egypt.
Tourism in Cairo
Going to Cairo, each tourist is obliged to include in his vacation plan visit at least a few sights of Cairo. Tourism in any form helps to learn more about the country, to understand the mentality of the people inhabiting it, its history.
Top 4 main areas of tourism for every taste:
- Historical direction. Suitable for fans of pyramids, museums and mummies. Considerable interest for tourists may represent the architecture and decoration of the eastern residential and administrative premises of past centuries.
- Religious tourism. Egypt combines the two most powerful religions of the world: Christianity and Islam. Having outlined for itself the program of visiting religious places of Egypt, the tourist will not be able to stop. Each new mosque or church will capture its uniqueness and dissimilarity to others.
- Cultural objects. This direction overlaps with historical tourism, but still a tourist can pay more attention to the traditions and customs of the people. Such tourism provides a good opportunity to understand the Egyptians and their way of life.
- Leisure. Accustomed to long walks around the city, tourists will find in Cairo everything you need for a good rest. Parks, clubs, extreme sports - hospitable Cairo is ready to offer all this.
When planning a trip to the capital of Egypt, you should not lose sight of what religion is dominant and how many percent of the population of Cairo profess one direction or another. The fact is that more than 90% of city residents are Muslims. Strict religion dictates its own rules for the male and female population of the country and city. Girls must wear closed long clothes, they are forbidden to talk to strangers and travel alone. Men have great privileges. Polygamy, provided that a man is able to provide all his wives equally, is allowed and quite popular. Many European girls, fascinated by Oriental men, remain here to live.
The population of Egypt, including Cairo, loves holidays. There are 10 official celebrations:
- New Year, celebrated on January 1.
- February 22 - Union Day, timed to the creation of the Union of Syria and Egypt in 1958.
- April 25 - the liberation of the Sinai Peninsula in 1973.
- May 1 - International Labor Day.
- June 18 - the withdrawal of British soldiers from the territory of Egypt.
- July 23 - the revolution of 1952.
- September 23 - Egypt wins the battle with Israel in 1956.
- October 6 - the celebration of the transition of the Suez Canal.
- October 24 - The army of Egypt occupies the territory of Suez in 1973.
- December 23 - the army of Egypt conquers Port Said in 1965.
Traditions and customs
The traditions and customs of the people of Cairo are dictated by the majority of the Muslim religion. Egyptians are patient with European dress and culture. Country customs are built on tolerance and respect. Vivid evidence of this can serve as the attitude of members of one family to different religions: Muslim and Christian. Unlike European guests, Egyptians do not drink alcohol, most often have many children and are superstitious. It is necessary to be careful in trying to praise something, since the indigenous people of the country can understand this gesture incorrectly and accuse of trying to damage. The same applies to the desire to show kindness and inquire about the health of children.
Wanting to protect themselves from evil spirits and disasters, the Egyptians dress their sons in women's clothes, call them with other names, do not cut their hair and do not sew after sunset.
Greetings in Egypt
Particular attention should be paid to the features of communication with the inhabitants of Cairo. The population honors customs and traditions, so any visitor should remember that it’s not worthwhile to meddle in a foreign monastery with its charter. Egyptians are well distinguished simply politeness and sincerity in talking. When the Egyptian greets the traditional greeting “salam aleykum”, it is necessary to answer “vaaleikum as-salam”. It is impolite to greet someone, if a person is busy talking to others, it is also not welcome to greet from afar, shouting words out loud throughout the street. Men are not allowed to stretch their hands to women for a handshake, you have to wait until she does it first.