Not so long ago, advanced countries (Europe, United States of America, Canada) entered the era of post-industrialism. The most valuable resource was information. Gradually, knowledge begins to prevail on its value over capital and the rest of the world. This process is visible in virtually every area. You can sell a machine for several thousand dollars, and know-how for a billion. Developed countries have long transferred all tangible assets abroad, retaining only research centers, universities and laboratories. This suggests that human information activity has become more valuable and people are ready to invest in it.
Why bachelors of elite universities, who have received a quality education, promise dollar salaries with four zeros, and a graduate of a Russian vocational college hardly reaches forty thousand rubles a month? This is simply explained: in each case, the employer differently evaluated the information activities of these two places of study. It is the quality and availability of knowledge that are the determining factors in modern education.
Information activity of a person is a rather extensive concept: it includes the processes of transfer, receipt, storage, accumulation and transformation of knowledge and data. This is a complex, multistage orderly process. But, despite the various types of human information activity, in a global sense, it boils down to one thing - progress through the use of accumulated knowledge.
An acute problem was the preservation of information. Manuscripts and cuneiform copies did not differ in durability. They were often irretrievably lost during the great journeys, wars, revolutions, or changes of ruling dynasties. Due to such failures in the transfer of accumulated knowledge to generations, the development of the nation slowed down. About the importance of the transfer of experience and skills thought a few centuries ago. Professional informational activity of man was then placed on the shoulders of priests, chroniclers, oracles, and druids. However, it was not very efficient: there were very few sources, and only a select few had access to the data recorded in them.
Over time, the techniques changed, became more convenient: private libraries and archives were created with various types of systematization. Occupations of a librarian and archivist appeared.
Years passed, and the volumes of waste paper grew steadily, cataloging became more and more difficult, the staff expanded. Some statistics: until the beginning of the nineteenth century, the average amount of human knowledge doubled every fifty years; already from its middle for this was enough five. At present, this period has decreased. In this form, the information movement existed before mass computerization. The pioneer was the computer "ENIAC" in 1946 from the United States. In the USSR, the era of computerization came in the 1951st through the efforts of Academician Lebedev.
Now it is difficult to imagine a specialist on the table who would not have a computer, tablet or laptop. Information activity of a person with the development of the nano-technology segment has made a huge leap in recent years. It is difficult to find an industry where computer databases are not used and not served for the benefit of mankind.