- Territorial location of the Volgograd region
- Regional history
- Population of the region
- Population density
- Population dynamics
- Ethnic composition
- The population of Volgograd
- Population in other cities of the region
- Population in the districts of the region
- General characteristics of the population of the region
One of the most significant regions of the Russian Federation is the Volgograd region. The population of cities and villages of this region is of quite great interest for such a science as demography. It was formed from various ethnic and social elements. No less interesting is the history of the settlement of this region. Let's find out what constitutes the population of the Volgograd region.
Territorial location of the Volgograd region
This area is located in the European part of the Russian Federation and is part of the SFD. This region is located in the southeastern part of the East European Plain.
In the north-west, Volgograd borders with the Voronezh region, in the north - with Saratov, in the east lies the state border with the Republic of Kazakhstan, in the south it borders with the Astrakhan region and the Republic of Kalmykia, in the west and south-west - with the Rostov region.
The area of the Volgograd region is 112.9 thousand square meters. km This is the 31st in terms of size among all regions of the Russian Federation.
Two large rivers - the Volga and the Don - flow through the territory of the Volgograd Region. The Volga divides the region into two unequal parts: the larger - the right bank, and the smaller - the left bank. It is on the territory of the Volgograd region that the Volga and the Don are close to each other as close as possible - about 70 km. This created the conditions for the formation in this place of Volgodonsk perevoloki in antiquity. And in 1952, the famous Volga-Don Canal was built, connecting the waters of both rivers.
The region is located in a temperate climate zone with a temperate continental type of climate. When moving to the east, the continental climate is getting stronger. The main natural area of the region is the steppe. In the north-west, it turns into forest-steppe, and in the east - into semi-desert.
The administrative center of the Volgograd region is the city of Volgograd.
To understand how the population of the Volgograd region was formed, we need to delve into the history.
From antiquity on the territory of the Volgograd region there were lands of various nomadic tribes: first Iranian-speaking, and then Turkic-speaking. One of the largest nomadic states, which was formed on these lands, was the Khazar Kaganate. In the X century, this power was destroyed by the Russian prince Svyatoslav. After the Mongol-Tatar invasion in the XIII century, the region was incorporated directly into the Golden Horde, and after its collapse - into the Astrakhan Khanate and the Nogai Horde.
In the XVI century under Ivan the Terrible, these territories became part of the Russian kingdom. Then the gradual settlement of the region by the Russians began. Over time, the right-bank part of the modern Volgograd region was included in the region of the Don Cossacks.
After the victory of the October Revolution, in 1919, Tsaritsyn Province was established in the region with the administrative center in the city of Tsaritsyn (present-day Volgograd). In 1925, the city of Tsaritsyn was renamed Stalingrad, and in accordance with this, the name of the province changed to Stalingrad. In 1928, the Stalingrad province was abolished, and as a result of its unification with the Astrakhan, Saratov and Samara provinces, the Lower Volga region was organized with its capital in Saratov. In the same year, this region received the status of the region. In 1932, the administrative center of the region was moved from Saratov to Stalingrad. In 1932–1933, in these territories, there was a monstrous famine in scale. In 1934, the region was divided into Stalingrad and Saratov. In 1936, the Stalingrad region was divided into the Stalingrad region and the Kalmyk Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
It was in Stalingrad and its surroundings in 1942–1943. there was the most fierce battle of the Great Patriotic War, and possibly the whole of the Second World War. It was in it that the fate of the USSR was decided. The Red Army won a hard but decisive victory over the troops of Nazi Germany.
In 1961, during the de-Stalinization, the city of Stalingrad was renamed to Volgograd, the region was renamed accordingly. After the collapse of the USSR in 1991, the Volgograd region became part of the Russian Federation, where it remains today.
Population of the region
Now it's time to find out the number of people in the Volgograd region. This indicator is the base for all demographic calculations. However, access to this information is easy to obtain, since it is available in open statistical sources. So, what is the largest population in the region? Volgograd region at the current date has 2.5459 million inhabitants.
Is it a lot or a little? This indicator is the nineteenth of 85 regions of Russia.
Knowing the total population (2.5459 million inhabitants) and the area of the region (112.9 thousand sq. Km), one can calculate the density of the population of the Volgograd region. This indicator is equal to 22.6 people. on 1 square. km
Compare the population density in the Volgograd region with the same indicator in the neighboring regions of Russia. Thus, the population density in the Astrakhan region is 20.6 people. on 1 square. km, and in the Saratov region - 24.6 people. on 1 square. km That is, the Volgograd region average for this region, the density value.
Now we’ll find out how the Volgograd region has changed over time in dynamics. The population size by year in this region varied greatly. So, in 1926 it amounted to 1.4084 million inhabitants. By 1959, the number of inhabitants in the region reached about 1.8539 million. At the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union, in 1991, the number of people in the Volgograd region was equal to 2.6419 million inhabitants. It continued to grow in the composition of independent Russia. In 1998, the population of the Volgograd region reached its maximum and was equal to 2.7514 million inhabitants.
But after this began the decline in the number of people living in the Volgograd region, which continues to this day. In 1999, the number of inhabitants decreased to the level of 2.7504 million. For 2009, it already amounted to 2.5989 million inhabitants. In 2010, there was a slight increase in the number of residents of the Volgograd region, but this was only the only case since 1998. Then the population increased to a level of 2.6102 million inhabitants. But next year the downward trend continued again (2.6075 million people). This decline continues to the present, when the number of population in the Volgograd region in 2016 was equal to 2, 545, 937 people. So far, there are no prerequisites for improving this trend.
Now let's find out how the population is represented ethnically in this region. The Volgograd region is quite diverse ethnically, although the main core here are Russians. Moreover, they represent the overwhelming majority of the population. According to the results of the last census, the number of Russians in the Volgograd region was 88.5% of the total population.
Next come the Kazakhs, Ukrainians and Armenians. Their share among the population of the Volgograd region is significantly less than that of the Russians, and is respectively 1.8%, 1.4% and 1.1%.
In addition, Tatars, Azeris, Germans, Belarusians, Chechens, Roma and many other peoples live in the region. But the number of their representatives does not reach even 1% of the total number of inhabitants of the region, therefore their communities do not play a significant role in the life of the region.
The population of Volgograd
The administrative center of the Volgograd region is a hero-city. Let's find out what the population of Volgograd in the districts of the city and in general.
The total population of Volgograd at the moment is about 1, 0161 million people. Thus, this settlement is a millionaire city. It ranks 15th in number among all cities of the Russian Federation. It should be noted that Volgograd is the smallest millionaire city in Russia.
Now consider the population of Volgograd in the context of individual areas of the city. The most populated part of Volgograd is the Dzerzhinsky District. About 183.3 thousand inhabitants live here. In the second place is located Krasnoarmeysky district - 167.0 thousand inhabitants. Then follow Krasnooktyabrsky (150.2 thousand people), Traktorozavodsky (138.7 thousand people), Soviet (113.1 thousand people) and Kirovsky areas (101.3 thousand people). The smallest parts of the city are Voroshilovsky (81.3 thousand inhabitants) and the Central districts (81.2 thousand inhabitants).
Population in other cities of the region
Now let's take a look at how things are going with the population in other large cities of the Volgograd region.
The largest settlement in the Volgograd region after Volgograd is the city of Volzhsky. Its population is 325.9 thousand people. Then follow Kamyshin - 112.5 thousand people, Mikhailovka - 58.4 thousand people, Uryupinsk - 38.8 thousand people, and Frolovo - 37.8 thousand people. All these cities have the status of regional subordination. The largest settlements with district status of subordination in the Volgograd region are the cities of Kalach-on-Don (24.7 thousand inhabitants), Kotovo (22.7 thousand inhabitants) and the Settlement (21.9 thousand inhabitants).
Population in the districts of the region
Now we will determine how many people make up the population of the Volgograd region by districts. It should be noted that the major cities of which we spoke above are not part of the districts, but directly have regional subordination.
The most populated area of the region is Gorodishchensky district. About 60.3 thousand people live in it. Then Sredneakhtubsky district follows - 59.3 thousand people. It is followed by Kalachevsky (58.5 thousand people), Zhirnovsky (43.6 thousand people) and Pallas areas (43.1 thousand people). The most sparsely populated area of the region is Frolovsky. It is inhabited only 14.6 thousand people. But keep in mind that this area does not include the relatively large city of Frolovo, although it is located on its territory, which has the status of regional subordination.
General characteristics of the population of the region
So, we found that the population of the Volgograd region has a population of 2.5459 million people. Every year the number of residents in the region decreases. The overwhelming majority of the population are ethnic Russians.
The largest city of the region and at the same time its administrative center is Volgograd. It is home to more than 1 million people. Other cities in the region are much smaller. The largest of them is more than three times less in population than the regional center.