Not a single dish in Japanese cuisine is complete without rice. This grass is very common in the land of the rising sun and is loved by the inhabitants of this state. But the most interesting thing is that the Japanese prefer to cook and use only their own rice when cooking - Japanese rice.
Maki Maki restaurants offer their customers a few different rice dishes presented on the page http://makimaki.ru/menu/rice-dishes/.
In the modern world there is a huge amount of the most different varieties of rice. However, they are all combined into three main types:
Japanese rice grains are shortened and have a rather high content of starch, amylopectin and amylose, giving the cereal stickiness and a unique jelly-like texture. Indian long and it does not stick together when cooking. The Javanese variety has oblong grains and it is distinguished by increased friability.
For the first time in Japan, rice appeared in the III century BC. He was brought from the Korean Peninsula. In those days, hunger began in Japan, as game stocks came to an end, and people began to die out. And here in the Japanese archipelago appeared rice, which became a kind of savior of the Japanese people, both in terms of nutrition, and in terms of the demographic problem.
After some time, it became the basis of the welfare of the country. This cereal collected taxes, and also paid salaries to officials.
Role in Japan
Rice is the symbol of the country and the soul of the whole nation. Since ancient times, it is believed that if rice eats well, it means that everything else is good too. Every year the monarch himself transplants rice seedlings to his imperial field. Even during the Second World War, soldiers were given boxes to remember their homeland. They had rice and a red plum in the middle.
This cereal is also the main offering to the souls of the departed. And the daughter-in-law can become a full-fledged mistress in the house only after the mother-in-law gives her a special spatula for laying rice - syamoji. The Japanese still worship Hatake no Kamisam - the spirit of the rice field - one of the main deities. And what is most fascinating and incredible is that sumo is not just a struggle, but a ritual that is dedicated to the spirit of the rice field.
Expensive, but image is more important
Despite the fact that the cost of rice in Japan is very high, the government does not stop financing this industry. And all because of nationally prestigious considerations, because Japanese rice is the best in the world and people in the country eat it daily. Here the words food and rice are inseparable and united in one word - gohan.