What is reform? Once again, a few words about utilities


It seems that no one is already asking the question, what is reform so popular back in the mid-90s. Over the past 15 years, this very concept has lost the familiar sound of “radical transformations” and has become consonant with the expectation of empty changes. If something is changing, it is somewhere there, “above, ” whereas at the grassroots level, no changes occur. And instead of fundamental changes, people feel the complication of life and a waste of time.


Now we need to look for new answers to the old question of what reform is. Reforms in the medical sphere, in the field of social and pension provision are coming to the fore. However, the most pressing problem remains housing and communal services reform. It is not a secret that pipes, water supply, sewage, electricity, in a word, public utilities as a whole have remained unchanged since Soviet times. Communications have not been repaired for several decades, more than 80% are not only physically, but also morally obsolete. As the still existing post-Soviet form of management, which is essentially ineffective and does not meet the requirements of the time, has become outdated. Paradox: housing and communal services remain the only sector in the Russian economy, where small islands of private capital feel very uncomfortable in the ocean of monopoly-state pressure on any initiatives to change the situation for the better.


By the way, about the changes. The answer to the question of what reform is quite simple. These are changes in the “rules of the game” in a foreign field that lead to fundamental changes. For example, education reform, which involves the transfer of educational autonomy to universities. That is, it’s not a matter of resolving current financial problems, finding funds for modernizing utility networks or building new modern neighborhoods. If only because it is impossible. According to official data only, the population annually pays $ 1.3 trillion for services that are not available. rubles. And the primary repair requires 9 trillion. By this logic, it turns out that the cost of utilities services should increase by 9 times! Yes, and the construction of new houses instead of "Khrushchev" will require nearly 25 years of time. So, new buildings will grow old, not having time to be born. Not to mention what to do during these 25 years, besides not in large cities. Russia, unfortunately, is a big country …


As a result, the answer to the question of what reform is lies in a slightly different plane. This is a requirement of state-guaranteed private property rights and the demonopolization of the entire communal economy. The government, judging by the recent decision of the State Council, nevertheless intends to demonopolize the management of communal services, transferring almost all communications into the hands of private concessionaires. Management, however, is not property. Moreover, the ownership of the land on which these communications are laid. And it turns out that instead of one state monopoly, two are born: bureaucratic and private. With different functional and market content. And to keep in these conditions, the rise in prices for the same utilities services is not possible.

In addition, there is another problem. No one, perhaps, already especially argues whether we need HOAs or not. Law is law. Another thing is how to be if the HOA does not deprive of ownership of the entire complex of communications, the local area and the land on which the houses included in it are located. Without these key elements, it makes no sense to create a partnership. After all, it is obvious that the housing and utilities reform pulls the land reform, and the reform of the ATU and the budget system. And this is a radical change …

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