Ecuador is a state located in South America. Ecuador borders with Peru and Colombia, washed by the Pacific Ocean. The country consists of the Galapagos Islands. Ecuador is known for its mountains - the Andes, which consist of two ridges:
- Eastern Cordillera.
- Western Cordillera.
Ecuador: coat of arms and flag
The national state symbol has a rectangular shape, with yellow, blue and red stripes horizontally arranged on it. The flag of Ecuador has the aspect ratio of 1: 2 and was approved in December 1900. The width of the upper yellow band is equal to the total width of the other two bands.
The coat of arms of Ecuador is located exactly in the center of the flag canvas and has the shape of a shield, which depicts the river Guayas, originating from the volcano Chimborazo. The picture depicted embodies not only the beauty of Ecuador’s nature, but also the wealth of such regions of the state as Costa and Sierra. On the river sails ship. He was chosen for a reason. The first steamboat of South America was built in Guayaquil in 1841. Every ship has a mast, but not this one. Here, instead of the mast, there is a caduceus, which symbolizes the development of the economy and trade. At the top you can see the bright golden sun, above which you can see the following signs of the zodiac:
These signs symbolize the period from March to July, when the March revolution took place in 1845. On the coat of arms you can see the Andean condor, which is depicted not only on the symbols of power in Ecuador, but also in Chile, Bolivia, and Colombia. The Andean Condor, who spread its wings - a symbol of the greatness, strength and power of Ecuador. Four flags of Ecuador are located on the sides of the shield - the laurel symbolizes the glory of the state, and the palm leaf on the right is peace. Under the shield are the fascias that symbolize the dignity of the young republic.
Flag of ecuador
In heraldry, every character, stripe, star, or image has a meaning. The flag of Ecuador is a tribute to the patriots who shed their own blood for the independence of the state. Blue color symbolizes the sky and the sea. Ecuador has minerals, especially gold. Yellow color of a cloth symbolizes this metal. The flag of Ecuador has changed several times.
The history of national symbols
In 1822, Venezuela, Ecuador and Colombia gained independence. Therefore, it is not surprising that the symbolism of these states is similar. These countries formed a confederation, which was called Great Colombia. In 1830, the confederation fell apart, but the national symbols of these countries reflected a period of unity. The symbol of the confederation was developed by the great fighter for freedom and human rights - General Francisco Miranda. The flag of Ecuador is most reminiscent of the flag of Colombia, and the main difference is the image of the coat of arms of Ecuador. In 1900, the coat of arms of the state was officially transferred to the flag canvas. Another distinctive feature is that the aspect ratio is 1: 2, and the flag of Colombia has a ratio of 2: 3. The coat of arms of Colombia, which is also very similar to the Ecuadorian one, depicts a cornucopia from which gold (coins) is poured.