Persona non grata - what does this mean?

Anonim

Each state has the right to allow or prohibit the entry into its territory to any foreign nationals. And the one whose stay in the country is prohibited is undesirable, called “persona non grata”. What this phrase means for diplomats and ordinary people, we will discuss in our article.

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What does persona non grata mean according to the Vienna Convention

To resolve this issue, international rules were created, they were applied primarily to representatives of the diplomatic corps. Thus, according to Article 9 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961, any state can declare a diplomat persona non grata at any time, without explaining the reasons. A person who has learned about her new status is forced to leave the country within a specified time, otherwise the state will refuse to recognize it as a representative of the representative office. And in case of violation of the departure time, it has the right to resort to declaring this diplomat a private person.

This punishment was invented as a means of influencing those suspected of espionage, as a sign of protest against the state represented by this person, or disagreement with any diplomatic statements.

As an ordinary citizen learns that he is persona non grata

What this punishment befell him, an ordinary visitor, by the way, usually learns only when they are in the country and passport control, as the lists of people who fall under the status of an “unwanted guest” are usually closed.

Most often, such measures are associated with public criticism of the government or state bodies of the visited country or disrespect for its customs and laws, in which this visitor was noticed.

What it looks like in Russia

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Every now and then in the domestic press there are notes about how an employee of a foreign embassy is being detained on charges of espionage or recruitment. But a ban on entry into Russia can also be announced to persons suspected of insulting state symbols (this happened at the time with the rock band Bloodhound Gang), conducting subversive activities on the territory of the state (the case of American journalist David Satter) or committing offenses or forgery of documents permitting stay in the territory of the Russian Federation.

Persons who are not grata in Russia, as a rule, are transferred to the official representatives of the embassy of their country and are sent outside the state without the right to enter it for 3 to 10 years. But there are also cases of cancellation of status by a decision of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

In ordinary life, there is also persona non grata

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That this phrase successfully stuck not only as a diplomatic term, but also in ordinary speech, can be judged by the frequency of its use in almost all spheres of life.

Now they call it any unwelcome guest or someone they don’t want to keep in touch with. A person who is offended or disliked for some reason, journalists generously reward with such a definition. Critics and publicists are no less inclined to him: how many politicians, writers, actors, and simply well-known people were declared undesirable anywhere! And the title sounds enticing and intriguing: "Persona non grata"! What is it? And, most importantly, for what? The reader will immediately begin to view the note.

It remains to wish everyone not to fall under this status!

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