Real Cossack drafts (photo)


Willingness to protect the Fatherland, stand in the way of the enemy - this is a sign of masculinity. The combat checker is the very symbol of Cossack freedom, loyalty to Russia and its family.

History of

The first documentary mention of the battle sword appeared at the turn of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. This cold weapon received its name from the Kabardino-Circassian word "sash-ho" (long knife).

Historians believe that people invented such dlinnoklinkovo ​​slashing-piercing equipment much earlier. Archaeologists came across the details of this type of weapon, belonging to the twelfth century. The most popular originally became the Cossack checkers of the Circassian type. Later, the Don Cossacks created their own distinctive type of weapon and began to wear it constantly.

Triumphal spread

The nineteenth century brought changes in the position of cold arms. Officially, the Cossack swords were put into service in the Russian army. According to the charter, each soldier of a cavalry regiment in the obligatory configuration had such military weapons. Police and gendarmes, by order, also pledged to wear checkers.


The Cossack combat saber was used in cavalry until the mid-twentieth century. But even the twenty-first century has not abandoned the veneration of this symbol of masculinity. Until today, the dress uniform of the Cossacks is unthinkable without an attribute of military pride.

Distinctive signs of Cossack checkers

The saber and shash Cossack are very similar to each other. A distinctive feature of the checkers are wooden sheath, leather-covered, with one or two belt belts on the convex side of the belt. This weapon was worn on the shoulder harness with a blade back. The saber was worn on the belt, the blade forward.

The Caucasian checkers had a double-edged slightly warped blade with a fighting end and a split head. This hilt is considered the hallmark of checkers. Russian Cossack drafts differed from Caucasian sheath and hilt. The first army samples were more like sabers and were twisted a little more.

Varieties of weapons

1881 Lieutenant-General A.P. Gorlov carries out the unification of cold arms for all types of troops. The model for the army blade was the Caucasian "top", which proved itself when chopping. As a result of the reform, two types of drafts appeared: dragoon and Cossack. Each species had variations for soldiers and officers. For the gunners offered a shortened dragoon saber. Finally, the Cossack swords as the decals of the lower ranks of the Cossack armed forces were regulated in 1904.


There are not so many differences between the 1881 and 1904 models. The earlier model is longer by 6 millimeters (respectively 966 and 960 mm), the blade length is 20 mm longer (825 and 795), the width of the blade, on the contrary, is 3 mm less (32 and 35). The total weight of the product remained unchanged - no more than 1.2 kilograms.

Cossack traditions

Mastering the skill of handling military weapons took time and perseverance. Boys from their early years practiced, trying to repeat the skills of fathers and older brothers. At first, sticks of similar size were used. Years of ten they were given children's models of blades. These Cossack adolescents could get checkers in their hands at the age of sixteen or seventeen. Such a checker was bought, made to order, or inherited from a grandfather.

Methods of learning skills were complicated from training to training. To do this, use the tools at hand. First, it was necessary to learn how to chop up a stream of water without splashing. Then it was allowed to cut the vine, cabbages. Training was carried out gradually moving from the defeat of fixed targets to the cutting of targets at full gallop.

A young Cossack in his life dreamed of having three checkers. The first - combat - he received, going to the service. Then he sought to get the officer's sword. And the ultimate dream was a personal checker, which was a symbol of merit to the Motherland and recognition of their society.


There are frequent instances of the creation of "conspired" checkers. They brought good luck, victory in all life troubles. Cossacks faithfully believed it. Such checkers were passed down from generation to generation. If there was no one to hand over, the weapon was broken over the coffin of the deceased last member of the clan.

Award checkers

Rewarding for military merit weapons became a tradition in Russia in the XVIII century. The award weapon was divided into two types: cold weapons for generals and officers and salaries for the Cossacks. Such weapons were decorated with gold or diamonds, complementing the image with an engraved inscription. For the inscription allocated a place on the hilt. The most common expression: "For courage."


Before World War I, the golden weapon was canceled, equating it to the Order of St. George. The decorated Cossack saber became the St. George weapon. The photo with the received award became a family relic. In addition to the weapons of St. George awarded Anninsky swords. They were dedicated to St. Anne, the daughter of Peter the Great, and were considered lower rated.

Symbolism and meaning

Unusual weapons - Cossack saber. It symbolizes fearlessness and strength, valor and fortitude. Firearms could not supplant the pride of Cossack freemen.

Once in a seemingly hopeless situation, the Cossack hoped for his strength and ingenuity. Meeting with the enemy face to face, made it possible to use real military weapons. With one finger, get the faithful friend out of the scabbard and decide the outcome of the battle with one blow. The real Cossack was sure that with his sword all the strength of his family, the whole Russian Earth, came to his aid.


Shashka demanded close attention and respect from her master. Care and cleaning weapons were required. The Cossacks were allowed to attend the service in the church along with their inalienable friend. It was even allowed to take out a little blade from the scabbard, so that the weapon was cleaned along with the owner.

How to choose the right checker

In today's Russia, interest in the history of their families is increasing. Traditions are revived. The descendants of the Cossacks want to have their battle bomb. If you had to earn it, you can now buy it. It is only necessary to approach this matter seriously and choose a weapon on your own.


The checker should fit the person in size and weight. Sit in your hand like a glove. Withstand the blow of the enemy and strike back. The samples of Cossack swords should be held in your hand, to hear the response. Check for mutual attraction. The gunsmith will adjust the chosen model to the future owner of the thing. Additionally, it is possible to age the blade and the handle. Engrave in full accordance with the desired original.

It is important to understand: the weapon is not a toy. It should be used only for good purposes.

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