- The president
- Council of the Federation
- The State Duma
- Off-Branch Authorities
The Russian Federation is a large multinational state where many religions, confessions and peoples coexist under one flag. Maintaining a healthy legal field, order and development in the country is the responsibility of the state. In our country, the state power is exercised by the president, the government, the Federation Council, the State Duma and the courts.
As the leader of the country, the president plays an important role in the administrative apparatus of the state. Its priority is to create such a legal field in which no one who is vested with power would violate the Constitution of the country. The president has the right to select personnel for important government posts. Someone the head of state appoints at his discretion, someone offers to choose the State Duma or the Council of Federations.
The President exercises power by influencing legislative bodies, thanks to his right to submit his bills for consideration in the State Duma. The head of state can also sign federal laws and send bills for reconsideration.
Another mechanism of influence on the branches of government are the annual messages of the country's leader to the Federal Assembly. The President points to the problem areas that require close attention of the state.
The head of state influences the government by speaking at its meetings and repealing anti-legal regulations. Another president has the right to cancel the regulations of the executive authorities, provided that they contradict the current legislation and the Constitution of the country.
The state leader is also the commander-in-chief of the country's armed forces. He determines the plan for the development of the defense industry and manages the military forces in general.
As the first person of the country, he exercises state power, determining foreign policy, conducting negotiations with leaders of other states and signing interstate agreements.
It is the highest federal executive body that exercises state administration. At the same time, in his activities he is guided by the provisions of the Constitution, federal laws and regulatory acts of the President of the country.
The government as a state executive authority carries out activities for:
- creating a centralized financial and credit policy;
- creating a unified policy of education, science and culture;
- federal property management;
- the creation of a legal legal field, which takes into account the rights and freedoms of citizens.
Chairman sets the vector of work and organizes the activities of the government.
The ministers work within the framework of their department and carry out the tasks set by the chairman.
Council of the Federation
It is the upper chamber of the Federal Assembly, a state body that reviews laws, adopts draft laws of the State Duma, and also independently conducts rule-making.
The Council of Federation consists of 1 member of the executive branch and 1 member of the legislative branch of the subjects of the Russian Federation.
The Federation Council holds hearings separately from the State Duma, with the exception of cases related to the speech of the first persons of the state and the President of the Russian Federation.
Also, the Federation Council is obliged to review laws adopted by the State Duma related to currency, credit, customs regulations, international treaties, issues of martial law and peace.
The State Duma
This is the Chamber of the Federal Assembly, which is elected by citizens of the Russian Federation by secret ballot and is engaged in lawmaking.
In addition to creating new bills, the DG may:
- confirm the election of the chairman of the government by the president;
- raise the issue of trust in the government;
- appoint the chairman of the Central Bank;
- charge the president.
Resolutions and decisions of the State Duma are adopted on the basis of a majority vote. The organizational matters of the State Duma are decided by the chairman.
The Duma also hears the President’s message and holds meetings.
Justice in Russia can only be exercised by the courts. In Russia, there are federal, constitutional and magistrates' courts that make up the country's judicial system.
Each instance exercises state authority depending on its competence and status. The courts of one affiliation belong to one link of the judicial system. The district courts occupy the first link of the judicial system, the regional and equal to them - the second, the Supreme Court - the highest link.
As a rule, any legal process begins with the court of first instance - the district one. In case of disagreement of the parties with the decision of the judge, the decision is appealed in the higher - appeal - judicial authority. In the event that a new ruling does not satisfy any party, a cassation complaint is filed with a higher court.
The judiciary is called upon not only to resolve emerging disputes, but also to control other branches of government. Thus, the Constitutional Court has the right to declare laws unconstitutional, in the event that they really belong to such. If the law is contrary to federal law, the Constitution or other regulatory acts, the Court has the right to declare it illegal. When charging a public person, the Court is also obliged to confirm the existence of guilt. In addition, representatives of the judiciary may decide on the elimination of religious, political and other organizations engaged in illegal activities, and resolve economic disputes between state and municipal authorities.
The branch of government does not include:
- Accounting Chamber;
- Central Bank (provides economic growth and control of interest rates);
- prosecuting authorities (monitor the implementation of current legislation);
- The Commissioner for Human Rights (he considers complaints against state bodies in connection with the violation of rights);
- presidential administration (creates conditions for the work of the president);
- CEC (responsible for holding referendums, elections).
Article 11 of the CRF clearly answers the question of who exercises state power in Russia. But the main driving force endowed with the greatest power is the people of the Russian Federation, which is reflected in Article 3 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
Power is a conductor of popular opinion, aimed at creating a safe and comfortable existence in the state.
The modern system of governance of the country allows you to distribute duties, monitor your work and effectively interact with ordinary ordinary citizens.